English [ edit ]
Pronunciation [ edit ]
Etymology 1 [ edit ]
Middle French , from policie Late Latin politia ( “ citizenship; government ” ), classical Latin (in Cicero), from polītīa Ancient Greek πολιτεία ( politeía, “ citizenship; polis, (city) state; government ” ), from πολίτης ( polítēs, “ citizen ” ). Compare and police .
policy ( , countable and uncountable plural )
principle of behaviour, conduct etc. thought to be desirable or necessary, especially as formally expressed by a government or other authoritative body. [from 15th c.]
The Communist Party has a policy of returning power to the workers. It's company policy that all mobile phones are forbidden in meetings.
Wise or advantageous conduct; prudence, formerly also with connotations of craftiness. [from 15th c.]
1639, Thomas Fuller, “King Richard Taken Prisoner in Austria; Sold and Sent to the Emperour; Dearly Ransomed, Returneth Home”, in The Historie of the Holy Warre, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire: [ … ] Thomas Buck, one of the printers to the Universitie of Cambridge [and sold by John Williams, London], , book III, OCLC 913016526 page 130: [H]e [ Richard I of England] was diſcovered in an inne in Auſtria, becauſe he diſguiſed his perſon not his expenſes; ſo that the very policie of an hoſteſſe, finding his purſe ſo farre above his clothes, did detect him: [… ] 1813 January 27, [Jane Austen], chapter XI, in , volume II, London: Pride and Prejudice [ … ] [George Sidney] for T[homas] Egerton [ … ] , , OCLC 38659585 page 131: These bitter accusations might have been suppressed, had I with greater policy concealed my struggles, and flattered you into the belief of my being impelled by unqualified, unalloyed inclination; [… ]
( now rare ) Specifically, political shrewdness or (formerly) cunning; statecraft. [from 15th c.]
1946, Bertrand Russell, History of Western Philosophy, I.25:
Whether he believed himself a god, or only took on the attributes of divinity from motives of policy, is a question for the psychologist, since the historical evidence is indecisive.
( Scotland , now chiefly in the plural ) The grounds of a large country house. [from 18th c.]
1886, Robert Louis Stevenson, Kidnapped
There was but one thing happened worth narrating; and that is the visit I had of Robin Oig, one of the sons of the notorious Rob Roy. He was sought upon all sides on a charge of carrying a young woman from Balfron and marrying her (as was alleged) by force; yet he stepped about Balquhidder like a gentleman in his own walled policy. 1955, Robin Jenkins, The Cone-Gatherers, Canongate 2012, page 36:
Next morning was so splendid that as he walked through the policies towards the mansion house despair itself was lulled.
( obsolete ) The art of governance; political science. [14th–18th c.]
1599, William Shakespeare, “ The Life of Henry the Fift”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies ( [ … ] First Folio), London: [ … ] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, , [Act I, scene i], OCLC 606515358 pages 69–70: Liſt his diſcourse of Warre; and you ſhall heare / A fearefull Battaile rendred you in Muſique. / Turne him to any Cauſe of Pollicy, / The Gordian Knot of it he will vnlooſe, / Familiar as his Garter: [… ]
( obsolete ) A state; a polity. [14th–16th c.]
( obsolete ) A set political system; civil administration. [15th–19th c.]
( obsolete ) A trick; a stratagem. [15th–19th c.]
c. 1588–1593, [William Shakespeare], (First Quarto), London: The Most Lamentable Romaine Tragedie of Titus Andronicus: [ … ] [ … ] Iohn Danter, and are to be sold by Edward White & Thomas Millington, [ … ] , published 1594, , OCLC 222241046 [Act II, scene i]: Tis pollicie and ſtratageme must doo / That you affect, and ſo muſt you reſolue, / That what you cannot as you would atchiue, / You muſt perforce accompliſh as you may: [… ] ( obsolete ) Motive; object; inducement.
c. 1580, Philippe Sidnei [ i.e., Philip Sidney], “ [The First Booke ] I”, in Fulke Greville, Matthew Gwinne, and John Florio, editors, [ The Covntesse of Pembrokes Arcadia The New Arcadia], London: [ … ] [John Windet] for William Ponsonbie, published 1590, ; republished in Albert Feuillerat, editor, OCLC 801077108 The Countesse of Pembrokes Arcadia (Cambridge English Classics: The Complete Works of Sir Philip Sidney; I), Cambridge, Cambridgeshire: University Press, 1912, , OCLC 318419127 page 9: I pray you (said he) honest men, what such right have you in me, as not to suffer me to doe with my self what I list? and what pollicie have you to bestow a benefite where it is counted an injury?
Derived terms [ edit ]
Descendants [ edit ]
Translations [ edit ]
principle of conduct
politikë (sq) f Arabic:
سِيَاسَة (ar) f ( siyāsa ) Armenian:
քաղաքականություն (hy) ( kʿałakʿakanutʿyun ) Azerbaijani:
siyasət , (az) politika (az) Belarusian:
палі́тыка (be) f ( palítyka ) Bengali:
নীতি ( niti ) Bulgarian:
поли́тика (bg) f ( polítika ) Burmese:
ပေါ်လစီ (my) ( paula.ci ) Catalan:
política (ca) f Chinese:
Mandarin: 政策 (zh) ( zhèngcè ), 方針 , (zh) 方针 (zh) ( fāngzhēn ) Czech:
politika (cs) f Danish:
politik (da) c Dutch:
beleid (nl) , n politiek (nl) f Esperanto:
please add this translation if you can Estonian:
poliitika (et) Finnish:
käytäntö , (fi) politiikka , (fi) linja (fi) French:
politique (fr) f Galician:
política (gl) f Georgian:
პოლიტიკა ( ṗoliṭiḳa ), პოლიტიკური კურსი ( ṗoliṭiḳuri ḳursi ) German:
Politik (de) , f Handlungsgrundsatz , m Vorgehensweise (de) , f Verfahrensweise , f Richtlinie (de) f Greek:
πολιτική (el) f ( politikí ) Hebrew:
מְדִינִיּוּת (he) f ( mediniyuth ) Hindi:
नीति (hi) f ( nīti ), पालिसी (hi) f ( pālisī ) Hungarian:
politika , (hu) irányelv , (hu) alapelv , (hu) vezérelv , (hu) elv , (hu) előírás , (hu) szabályzat , (hu) szabály , (hu) irányvonal , (hu) célkitűzés (hu) Icelandic:
stefna f Irish:
beartas , m polasaí m Italian:
politica (it) f Japanese:
政策 (ja) ( せいさく, seisaku ), 施策 ( しさく, sisaku ), ポリシー (ja) ( porishī ) Kazakh:
саясат (kk) ( sayasat ), политика ( polïtïka ) Khmer:
នយោបាយ (km) ( nĕəʼyoobaay ) Korean:
정책(政策) (ko) ( jeongchaek ) Kyrgyz:
саясат (ky) ( sayasat ), политика ( politika ) Lao: ນະໂຍບາຍ ( na nyō bāi )
policy ( third-person singular simple present , policies present participle , policying simple past and past participle )
( transitive ) To regulate by laws; to reduce to order.
Etymology 2 [ edit ]
Middle French , from police Italian , from polizza Medieval Latin apodissa ( “ receipt for money ” ), from Ancient Greek ἀπόδειξις ( apódeixis, “ proof, declaration ” )
policy ( plural )
( law )
contract of insurance. A document containing or certifying this contract.
( obsolete ) An illegal daily lottery in late nineteenth and early twentieth century USA on numbers drawn from a lottery wheel ( no plural) A number pool lottery
Synonyms [ edit ]
Derived terms [ edit ]
Translations [ edit ]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
Translations to be checked
Further reading [ edit ]
on Wikipedia. policy Wikipedia
policy at OneLook Dictionary Search policy in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.