English [ edit ]
Pronunciation [ edit ]
Etymology 1 [ edit ]
Middle French , from policie Late Latin politia ( “ citizenship; government ” ), classical Latin (in Cicero), from polītīa Ancient Greek πολιτεία ( politeía, “ citizenship; polis, (city) state; government ” ), from πολίτης ( polítēs, “ citizen ” ). Compare and police .
policy ( , countable and uncountable plural )
( obsolete ) The art of governance; political science. [14th–18th c.]
a. 1616, William Shakespeare, Henry V, I.1:
List his discourse of Warre; and you shall heare / A fearefull Battaile rendred you in Musique. / Turne him to any Cause of Pollicy, / The Gordian Knot of it he will vnloose, / Familiar as his Garter [… ]
( obsolete ) A state; a polity. [14th–16th c.]
( obsolete ) A set political system; civil administration. [15th–19th c.]
( obsolete ) A trick; a stratagem. [15th–19th c.]
a. 1594, William Shakespeare, Titus Andronicus:
'Tis pollicie, and stratageme must doe / That you affect, and so must you resolue, / That what you cannot as you would atcheiue, / You must perforce accomplish as you may. A
principle of behaviour, conduct etc. thought to be desirable or necessary, especially as formally expressed by a government or other authoritative body. [from 15th c.]
The Communist Party has a policy of returning power to the workers.
Wise or advantageous conduct; prudence, formerly also with connotations of craftiness. [from 15th c.]
1813, Jane Austen, Pride and Prejudice, Modern Library Edition (1995), page 140:
These bitter accusations might have been suppressed, had I with greater policy concealed my struggles, and flattered you [… ] Fuller
The very policy of a hostess, finding his purse so far above his clothes, did detect him.
( now rare ) Specifically, political shrewdness or (formerly) cunning; statecraft. [from 15th c.]
1946, Bertrand Russell, History of Western Philosophy, I.25:
Whether he believed himself a god, or only took on the attributes of divinity from motives of policy, is a question for the psychologist, since the historical evidence is indecisive.
( Scotland , now chiefly in the plural ) The grounds of a large country house. [from 18th c.]
1955, Robin Jenkins, The Cone-Gatherers, Canongate 2012, page 36:
Next morning was so splendid that as he walked through the policies towards the mansion house despair itself was lulled. ( obsolete ) Motive; object; inducement.
Sir Philip Sidney
What policy have you to bestow a benefit where it is counted an injury?
Derived terms [ edit ]
Descendants [ edit ]
Translations [ edit ]
principle of conduct
politikë (sq) f Arabic:
سِيَاسَة (ar) f ( siyāsa ) Armenian:
քաղաքականություն (hy) ( kʿałakʿakanutʿyun ) Azerbaijani:
siyasət , (az) politika (az) Belarusian:
палі́тыка f ( palítyka ) Bengali:
নীতি ( nīti ) Bulgarian:
поли́тика (bg) f ( polítika ) Burmese:
ပေါ်လစီ (my) ( paula.ci ) Catalan:
política (ca) f Chinese:
Mandarin: 政策 (zh) ( zhèngcè ), 方針 , (zh) 方针 (zh) ( fāngzhēn ) Czech:
politika (cs) f Danish:
politik (da) c Dutch:
beleid (nl) , n politiek (nl) f Esperanto:
please add this translation if you can Estonian:
poliitika (et) Finnish:
politiikka , (fi) linja (fi) French:
politique (fr) f Galician:
política (gl) f Georgian:
პოლიტიკა ( ṗoliṭiḳa ), პოლიტიკური კურსი ( ṗoliṭiḳuri ḳursi ) German:
Politik (de) , f Handlungsgrundsatz , m Vorgehensweise (de) , f Verfahrensweise , f Richtlinie (de) f Greek:
πολιτική (el) f ( politikí ) Hebrew:
מְדִינִיּוּת (he) f ( mediniyuth ) Hindi:
नीति (hi) f ( nīti ) Hungarian:
politika , (hu) irányelv , (hu) alapelv , (hu) vezérelv , (hu) elv , (hu) előírás , (hu) szabályzat , (hu) szabály , (hu) irányvonal , (hu) célkitűzés (hu) Icelandic:
stefna f Irish:
beartas , m polasaí m Italian:
politica (it) f Japanese:
政策 (ja) ( せいさく, seisaku ), 施策 ( しさく, sisaku ), ポリシー (ja) ( porishī ) Kazakh:
саясат (kk) ( sayasat ), политика ( polïtïka ) Khmer:
នយោបាយ (km) ( nəyyoobaay ) Korean:
정책 (ko) ( jeongchaek ) ( 政策 ) (ko) Kyrgyz:
саясат (ky) ( sayasat ), политика ( politika ) Lao: ນະໂຍບາຍ ( na nyō bāi )
policy ( third-person singular simple present , policies present participle , policying simple past and past participle )
( transitive ) To regulate by laws; to reduce to order.
Policying of cities.
Etymology 2 [ edit ]
Middle French , from police Italian , from polizza Medieval Latin apodissa ( “ receipt for money ” ), from Ancient Greek ἀπόδειξις ( apódeixis, “ proof, declaration ” )
policy ( plural )
( law )
contract of insurance. A document containing or certifying this contract.
Your insurance policy covers fire and theft only.
( obsolete ) An illegal daily lottery in late nineteenth and early twentieth century USA on numbers drawn from a lottery wheel ( no plural) A number pool lottery
Synonyms [ edit ]
Derived terms [ edit ]
Translations [ edit ]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Translations to be checked
Further reading [ edit ]