سوط

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Arabic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /sawtˤ/
  • (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

Apparently via Aramaic שׁוֹטָא(šōṭā) / ܫܱܘܛܳܐ(šawṭā, whip) from Old Georgian შოლტი (šolṭi, whip).

Noun[edit]

سَوْط (sawṭm (plural أَسْوَاط(ʾaswāṭ) or سِيَاط(siyāṭ))

  1. verbal noun of سَاطَ(sāṭa)
  2. whip, scourge, switch
  3. (figuratively) any punishment
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 89:13:
      فَصَبَّ عَلَيْهِمْ رَبُّكَ سَوْطَ عَذَابٍ
      faṣabba ʿalayhim rabbuka sawṭa ʿaḏābin
      Therefore thy Lord poured on them the disaster of His punishment.
  4. (biology) flagellum
  5. (astronomy) an astronomical measure of approximately 4.5 degrees
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Maltese: sawt
  • Amharic: ሰውጥ (säwṭ)
  • Catalan: assot
  • Galician: azoute
  • Ge'ez: ሰውጥ (säwṭ), ሠውጥ (śäwṭ)
  • Portuguese: açoite
  • Sicilian: zotta
  • Spanish: azote

Etymology 2[edit]

A native root. Some occurrences of Biblical Hebrew שׁוֹט(šōṭ) are understood as “spate”, whose sense seems to have influenced the Arabic sense of “a punishment” otherwise belonging to the “whip” noun, as in the Qurʾān place above God صَبَّ(ṣabba) it, that is “poured” or “dispensed“ punishment like liquid, although Jakob Barth considered all the Arabic words and senses on this page natively developed from سَطَا(saṭā, to throw oneself upon someone or something with impetuosity; to be restive; to march with large steps; to be found in abundance (said of water)).

Noun[edit]

سَوْط (sawṭm

  1. water that bides in a pool or puddle or the place where there is such water
  2. someone's deal, a designated deal
Declension[edit]

Verb[edit]

سَوَّطَ (sawwaṭa) II, non-past يُسَوِّطُ‎‎ (yusawwiṭu)

  1. to commix the liquids by stirring
Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Barth, Jakob (1893) Etymologische Studien zum semitischen insbesondere zum hebräischen Lexicon (in German), Berlin: H. Itzkowski, page 14
  • Corriente, Federico; Pereira, Christophe; Vicente, Angeles, editors (2017) Dictionnaire du faisceau dialectal arabe andalou. Perspectives phraséologiques et étymologiques (in French), Berlin: De Gruyter, page 672
  • Freytag, Georg (1833), “سوط”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 2, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, pages 375b–376a
  • Lane, Edward William (1863), “سوط”, in Arabic-English Lexicon, London: Williams & Norgate, page 1466–1467
  • Марр, Н. Я. (1910), “Надпись Епифания, католикоса Грузии (Из раскопок в Ани 1910 г.) [The inscription of Epiphanius, the catholicos of Georgia (From excavations of Ani in 1910)]”, in Известия Императорской Академии наук[1] (in Russian), volume XIV, Saint Petersburg: Academy Press, page 1436 of 1433–1442