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The more original form is schlah(e)n, from Middle High German slahen, from Old High German slahan, from Proto-Germanic *slahaną, from Proto-Indo-European *slak- (to hit, strike, throw). The modern -g- in the infinitive and present is inserted by analogy with the past forms and the related noun Schlag (cf. w:Grammatischer Wechsel).

Cognate with Low German and Dutch slaan and Old English slēan (to strike, beat, smite) (Modern English slay, slog) as well as Danish, Swedish and Norwegian slå.


  • IPA(key): /ˈʃlaːɡən/, [ˈʃlaːɡən], [ˈʃlaːɡŋ̩]
  • (file)

Alternative forms[edit]


schlagen (class 6 strong, third-person singular simple present schlägt, past tense schlug, past participle geschlagen, past subjunctive schlüge, auxiliary haben)

  1. (transitive) to beat; to hit; to knock; to strike; to punch; to hammer; to pound
  2. (transitive, figuratively) to beat; to win against; to defeat
  3. (intransitive) to beat; to strike repeatedly; to pound
  4. (transitive, cooking) to beat; to whip; to mix food in a rapid aerating fashion
  5. (reflexive) to fight


Derived terms[edit]

External links[edit]