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The more original form is schlah(e)n, from Middle High German slahen, from Old High German slahan, from Proto-Germanic *slahaną, from Proto-Indo-European *slak- ‎(to hit, strike, throw). The modern -g- in the infinitive and present is inserted by analogy with the past forms and the related noun Schlag (see Grammatischer Wechsel).

Cognate with Low German and Dutch slaan and Old English slēan ‎(to strike, beat, smite) (Modern English slay, slog) as well as Danish, Swedish and Norwegian slå.


  • IPA(key): /ˈʃlaːɡən/, [ˈʃlaːɡən], [ˈʃlaːɡŋ̩]
  • (file)

Alternative forms[edit]


schlagen ‎(class 6 strong, third-person singular simple present schlägt, past tense schlug, past participle geschlagen, past subjunctive schlüge, auxiliary haben)

  1. (transitive) to beat; to hit; to knock; to strike; to punch; to hammer; to pound
  2. (transitive, figuratively) to beat; to win against; to defeat
  3. (intransitive) to beat; to strike repeatedly; to pound
  4. (transitive, cooking) to beat; to whip; to mix food in a rapid aerating fashion
  5. (of a clock) to chime
    • 1919, Walther Kabel, Irrende Seelen, Werner Dietsch Verlag, page 41:
      Die kleine Stutzuhr auf dem Kamin, ein letzter Rest der Habe meiner Eltern, schlug zehn.
      The small bracket clock on the chimney, a last remnant of the belongings of my parents, chimed ten.
  6. (reflexive) to fight


Derived terms[edit]

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