slaan

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch slaan.

Verb[edit]

slaan ‎(present slaan, present participle slanende, past participle geslaan or geslaat)

  1. hit, slap, beat, strike

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch slaen, from Old Dutch slān, from Proto-Germanic *slahaną, from Proto-Indo-European *slak- ‎(to hit, strike, throw). Cognate with Low German slaan, English slay, German schlagen, Danish slå.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

slaan ‎(past singular sloeg, past participle geslagen)

  1. to hit, to slap
  2. to beat, overcome
  3. to strike
    de klok slaat zeven: the clock strikes seven
  4. to pulse, beat
    zijn hart slaat: his heart is beating
  5. to surround with
    een mantel om de schouders slaan: to put a cloak around the shoulders
  6. to suddenly start along (something), especially when said of movement
    op de vlucht slaan: to take flight
    Ze sloegen vanaf de trottoir linksaf.
    They started walking off to the left from the pavement.
  7. (chess) to take one of your opponent's pieces
  8. (~ op) to refer to, to mean, to have to do with

Conjugation[edit]

Inflection of slaan (strong class 6, irregular)
infinitive slaan
past singular sloeg
past participle geslagen
infinitive slaan
gerund slaan n
verbal noun
present tense past tense
1st person singular sla sloeg
2nd person sing. (jij) slaat sloeg
2nd person sing. (u) slaat sloeg
2nd person sing. (gij) slaat sloegt
3rd person singular slaat sloeg
plural slaan sloegen
subjunctive sing.1 sla sloege
subjunctive plur.1 slaan sloegen
imperative sing. sla
imperative plur.1 slaat
participles slaand geslagen
1) Archaic.

Related terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Low German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Low German slaen, from Old Saxon slāhan, from Proto-Germanic *slahaną, from Proto-Indo-European *slak- ‎(to hit, strike, throw). Cognate with Dutch slaan, English slay, German schlagen, Swedish slå.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /slɔːn/, /slɒːn/

Verb[edit]

slaan (past singular sloog, past participle slaan or slagen, auxiliary verb hebben)

  1. to beat
  2. to hit
  3. to strike
    de Klock sleit halvig söss: the clock strikes 5:30
  4. to defeat

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]