slaan

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Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch slaan.

Verb[edit]

slaan (present slaan, present participle slanende, past participle geslaan or geslaat)

  1. hit, slap, beat, strike

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch slaen, from Old Dutch slān, from Proto-Germanic *slahaną, from Proto-Indo-European *slak- (to hit, strike, throw). Cognate with Low German slaan, English slay, German schlagen, Danish slå.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

slaan (past singular sloeg, past participle geslagen)

  1. to hit, to slap
  2. to beat, overcome
  3. to strike
    de klok slaat zeven: the clock strikes seven
  4. to pulse, beat
    zijn hart slaat: his heart is beating
  5. to surround with
    een mantel om de schouders slaan: to put a cloak around the shoulders
  6. to suddenly start along (something), especially when said of movement
    op de vlucht slaan: to take flight
    Ze sloegen vanaf de trottoir linksaf.
    They started walking off to the left from the pavement.
  7. (chess) to take one of your opponent's pieces
  8. (~ op) to refer to, to mean, to have to do with

Conjugation[edit]

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Low German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Low German slaen, from Old Saxon slāhan, from Proto-Germanic *slahaną, from Proto-Indo-European *slak- (to hit, strike, throw). Cognate with Dutch slaan, English slay, German schlagen, Swedish slå.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /slɔːn/, /slɒːn/

Verb[edit]

slaan (past singular sloog, past participle slaan or slagen, auxiliary verb hebben)

  1. to beat
  2. to hit
  3. to strike
    de Klock sleit halvig söss: the clock strikes 5:30
  4. to defeat

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]