ostor

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Ugric *oćtɜ-rɜ (sprout, shoot, twig; whip)[1][2], from Proto-Indo-Iranian *HáštraH.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈoʃtor]
  • Hyphenation: os‧tor
  • Rhymes: -or

Noun[edit]

ostor

  1. whip (a pliant, flexible instrument used to create a sharp "crack" sound for directing or herding animals)
  2. the vertical rope of a shadoof where the bucket is hung
    Synonym: kútostor
  3. (biology) flagellum (a lash-like appendage that protrudes from the cell body of certain bacterial cells)

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative ostor ostorok
accusative ostort ostorokat
dative ostornak ostoroknak
instrumental ostorral ostorokkal
causal-final ostorért ostorokért
translative ostorrá ostorokká
terminative ostorig ostorokig
essive-formal ostorként ostorokként
essive-modal
inessive ostorban ostorokban
superessive ostoron ostorokon
adessive ostornál ostoroknál
illative ostorba ostorokba
sublative ostorra ostorokra
allative ostorhoz ostorokhoz
elative ostorból ostorokból
delative ostorról ostorokról
ablative ostortól ostoroktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
ostoré ostoroké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
ostoréi ostorokéi
Possessive forms of ostor
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. ostorom ostoraim
2nd person sing. ostorod ostoraid
3rd person sing. ostora ostorai
1st person plural ostorunk ostoraink
2nd person plural ostorotok ostoraitok
3rd person plural ostoruk ostoraik

Derived terms[edit]

Compound words

References[edit]

  1. ^ Entry #658 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungary.
  2. ^ ostor in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (‘Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)

Further reading[edit]