- (Hinduism, Buddhism) A type of profound meditation.
- 1844, Calcutta Review, page 123:
- Thus the Kaivalyopanisad accords equal importance to Sraddha (faith-regard), devotion (bhakti) and meditation (dhyana) for the attainment of the highest knowledge.
- 1860, Robert Spence Hardy, Eastern monachism, page 262:
- The beginning must be made with pathawi-kasina, and then the dhyánas, &c., must be taken alternately, as from the first dhyána to the third, then to ákásánancháyatana, and so on to the end.
- 1997, Meditation: The Buddhist Way of Tranquillity and Insight, page 86:
- Each of the three planes may be experienced through developing the dhyānas in meditation - so here we have yet another way of describing higher states of consciousness.
type of profound meditation