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See also: and
U+55AE, 單
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-55AE

[U+55AD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+55AF]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 30, +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 口口田十 (RRWJ), four-corner 66506, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 200, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3993
  • Dae Jaweon: page 422, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 654, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+55AE

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
variant forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
單-oracle.svg 單-bronze.svg 單-seal.svg 單-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*taːlʔ
*taːlʔ, *taːls, *taːn, *daːn
*taːlʔ, *tʰjaːlʔ
*daːl, *daːn, *teːn
*daːl
*teːl
*deːl, *deːls, *daːn
*tjal, *tjals
*taːn, *djan, *djanʔ, *djans
*taːn
*taːn
*taːn
*taːn
*taːn
*daːn, *daːns
*daːn, *deːn
*daːn, *daːnʔ, *daːns, *djan, *taːnʔ
*daːnʔ
*daːnʔ, *daːns, *djan
*daːns
樿 *tjanʔ
*tjanʔ, *tʰjan, *tʰjanʔ
*tjans
*tʰjanʔ
*tʰjanʔ
*tʰjanʔ
*tʰaːn, *tʰjanʔ
*tʰjanʔ
*djan
*djan, *djans
*djan
*djanʔ
*djanʔ
*teːnʔ

Pictogram (象形) – a net to catch animals. The two boxes at the top are weights, the middle section is the net, the bottom is the rope.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • toaⁿ - vernacular;
  • tan - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /tan⁵⁵/
    Harbin /tan⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /tan²¹/
    Jinan /tã²¹³/
    Qingdao /tã²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /tan²⁴/
    Xi'an /tã²¹/
    Xining /tã⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /tan⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /tɛ̃n³¹/
    Ürümqi /tan⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /tan⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /tan⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /t͡san⁵⁵/
    /san²¹³/
    Kunming /tã̠⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /taŋ³¹/
    Hefei /tæ̃²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /tæ̃¹¹/
    Pingyao /tɑŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /tæ̃³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /te⁵³/
    Suzhou /te̞⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /tẽ̞³³/
    Wenzhou /ta³³/
    Hui Shexian /tɛ³¹/
    Tunxi /tɔ¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /tan³³/
    Xiangtan /tan³³/
    Gan Nanchang /tan⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /tan⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /tɑn²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /tan⁵³/
    Nanning /tan⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /tan⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tan⁵⁵/
    /tuã⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /taŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tuiŋ⁵⁴/
    /tuiŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /tuã³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdaŋ²³/
    /ʔdua²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/4
    Initial () (5)
    Final () (61)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /tɑn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /tɑn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /tɑn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /tan/
    Li
    Rong
    /tɑn/
    Wang
    Li
    /tɑn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /tɑn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    dān
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    dān
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tan ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*Cə.tˤar/
    English single, simple

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/4
    No. 1995
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*taːn/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. single; individual; solitary
    2. thin; narrow; faint
    3. simple; uncomplicated
    4. (of clothes) unlined
    5. (mathematics) Short for 單數单数 (dānshù, “odd”).
    6. (linguistics) Short for 單數单数 (dānshù, “singular”).
    7. cover; bed sheet
    8. list; register; catalogue
    9. only; merely; simply
    10. and; plus
    11. bill (Classifier: c)
      / [Cantonese]  ―  maai4 daan1 [Jyutping]  ―  to pay a bill
    12. Classifier for cases, deals and businesses.
    13. A surname​.
    See also[edit]
    • (only): (zhǐ)

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/4
    Initial () (25)
    Final () (77)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /d͡ʑiᴇn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /d͡ʑiɛn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /d͡ʑjæn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /d͡ʑian/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʑiɛn/
    Wang
    Li
    /ʑĭɛn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʑi̯ɛn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    chán
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    chán
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dzyen ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*dar/ (< *[d]ar)
    English 單于 chányú: Xiōngnú ruler (W. Hàn)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/4
    No. 2027
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*djan/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 單于单于 (chányú).

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 3[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 3/4 4/4
    Initial () (25) (25)
    Final () (77) (77)
    Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () III III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /d͡ʑiᴇnX/ /d͡ʑiᴇnH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /d͡ʑiɛnX/ /d͡ʑiɛnH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /d͡ʑjænX/ /d͡ʑjænH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /d͡ʑianX/ /d͡ʑianH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʑiɛnX/ /ʑiɛnH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ʑĭɛnX/ /ʑĭɛnH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʑi̯ɛnX/ /ʑi̯ɛnH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shàn shàn
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 3/4 4/4
    No. 2035 2037
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1 1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*djanʔ/ /*djans/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. () Shan County (county in Shandong)
    2. A surname​.

    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (dan, seon) (hangeul , , revised dan, seon, McCune–Reischauer tan, sŏn, Yale tan, sen)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (đơn, đan, thiền, truyên)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References[edit]