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Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
單-oracle.svg 單-bronze.svg 單-bigseal.svg 單-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – a net to catch animals. The two boxes at the top are weights, the middle section is the net, the bottom is the rope.

Graphically,  + 𠦆.

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 口口田十 (RRWJ), four-corner 66506, composition)

  1. single, individual, only
  2. lone
  3. a surname
  4. numerary adjunct for legal case (Cantonese)

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 200, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3993
  • Dae Jaweon: page 422, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 654, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+55AE

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /tan⁵⁵/
Harbin /tan⁴⁴/
Tianjin /tan²¹/
Jinan /tã²¹³/
Qingdao /tã²¹³/
Zhengzhou /tan²⁴/
Xi'an /tã²¹/
Xining /tã⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /tan⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /tɛ̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /tan⁴⁴/
Wuhan /tan⁵⁵/
Chengdu /tan⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡san⁵⁵/
/san²¹³/
Kunming /tã̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /taŋ³¹/
Hefei /tæ̃²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /tæ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /tɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /tæ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /te⁵³/
Suzhou /te̞⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /tẽ̞³³/
Wenzhou /ta³³/
Hui Shexian /tɛ³¹/
Tunxi /tɔ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /tan³³/
Xiangtan /tan³³/
Gan Nanchang /tan⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /tan⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /tɑn²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /tan⁵³/
Nanning /tan⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /tan⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tan⁵⁵/
/tuã⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /taŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tuiŋ⁵⁴/
/tuiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tuã³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdaŋ²³/
/ʔdua²³/

  • Middle Chinese: /tɑn/, /d͡ʑiᴇn/, /d͡ʑiᴇnX/, /d͡ʑiᴇnH/
Rime
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4 3/4 4/4
Initial () (5) (25) (25) (25)
Final () (61) (77) (77) (77)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open Open
Division () I III III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tɑn/ /d͡ʑiᴇn/ /d͡ʑiᴇnX/ /d͡ʑiᴇnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/tɑn/ /d͡ʑiɛn/ /d͡ʑiɛnX/ /d͡ʑiɛnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/tɑn/ /d͡ʑjæn/ /d͡ʑjænX/ /d͡ʑjænH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tan/ /d͡ʑian/ /d͡ʑianX/ /d͡ʑianH/
Li
Rong
/tɑn/ /ʑiɛn/ /ʑiɛnX/ /ʑiɛnH/
Wang
Li
/tɑn/ /ʑĭɛn/ /ʑĭɛnX/ /ʑĭɛnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tɑn/ /ʑi̯ɛn/ /ʑi̯ɛnX/ /ʑi̯ɛnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dān chán shàn shàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chán dān
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyen › ‹ tan ›
Old
Chinese
/*dar (< *[d]ar)/ /*Cə.tˤar/
English 單于 chányú: Xiōngnú ruler (W. Hàn) single, simple

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4 3/4 4/4
No. 1995 2027 2035 2037
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1 1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*taːn/ /*djan/ /*djanʔ/ /*djans/

Definitions[edit]

  1. solitary
  2. only; merely; simply
    國度怎樣知道知道諾威人Hamsun小說飢餓》,粗野口吻很多並不 [MSC, trad.]
    国度怎样知道知道诺威人Hamsun小说饥饿》,粗野口吻很多并不 [MSC, simp.]
    From: 1925, 魯迅, 論「他媽的!」
    Bié de guódù lǐ zěnyàng, wǒ bù zhīdào. Dān zhīdào Nuòwēirén Hamsun yǒu yī běn xiǎoshuō jiào "Jī'è", cūyě de kǒuwěn shì hěnduō de, dàn wǒ bìngbù jiàn zhè yī lèi huà. [Pinyin]
    I don't know what it's like in other countries. I only know that a Norwegian [named] Hamsun has [written] a novel called Hunger [in which] vulgar speech is plenty, but I have by no means seen this kind of thing [referring to 他媽的].

See also[edit]

  • (only): (zhǐ)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(dan, seon) (hangeul , , revised dan, seon, McCune-Reischauer tan, sŏn, Yale tan, sen)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đơn, đan, thiền, truyên)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]