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See also:
U+87EC, 蟬
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-87EC

[U+87EB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+87ED]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 142 +12, 18 strokes, cangjie input 中戈口口十 (LIRRJ), four-corner 56156, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1097, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 33616
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1562, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2891, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+87EC

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script
蟬-bronze.svg 蟬-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*taːlʔ
*taːlʔ, *taːls, *taːn, *daːn
*taːlʔ, *tʰjaːlʔ
*daːl, *daːn, *teːn
*daːl
*teːl
*deːl, *deːls, *daːn
*tjal, *tjals
*taːn, *djan, *djanʔ, *djans
*taːn
*taːn
*taːn
*taːn
*taːn
*tʰaːn
*daːn, *daːns
*daːn, *deːn
*daːn, *daːnʔ, *daːns, *djan, *taːnʔ
*daːnʔ
*daːnʔ, *daːns, *djan
*daːns
樿 *tjanʔ
*tjanʔ, *tʰjan, *tʰjanʔ
*tjans
*tʰjanʔ
*tʰjanʔ
*tʰjanʔ
*tʰjanʔ
*tʰjanʔ
*djan
*djan, *djans
*djan
*djanʔ
*djanʔ
*teːnʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *djan): semantic  (insect) + phonetic  (OC *taːn, *djan, *djanʔ, *djans).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • Xiamen, Zhangzhou:
    • siân - literary;
    • chûn - vernacular.
  • Quanzhou:
    • siân - literary;
    • siâm - colloquial variant.
Note:
  • siam5 - literary;
  • sung5 - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰan³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰan²⁴/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰan⁴⁵/
/t͡sʰan⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰã⁴²/
Qingdao /tʃʰã⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰan⁴²/
Xi'an /ʂã²⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰã²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰan⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰɛ̃n⁵³/
/ʂɛ̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰan⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰan²¹³/
Chengdu /san³¹/
Guiyang /san²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰã̠³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂaŋ²⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰæ̃⁵⁵/
/ʈ͡ʂʰən⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰæ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʰɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰæ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zø²³/
Suzhou /zø¹³/
Hangzhou /zz̩ʷõ²¹³/
Wenzhou /ji³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰie⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡sʰɔn⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ʂə̃¹³/
/ɕyẽ¹³/
Xiangtan /ɕyẽ¹²/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /san¹¹/
Taoyuan /ʃɑm¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sim²¹/
Nanning /sim²¹/
Hong Kong /sim²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sian³⁵/
/t͡sun³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sieŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /iŋ²¹/
/t͡saŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /siam⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sin³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (25)
Final () (77)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiᴇn/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑiɛn/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑjæn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑian/
Li
Rong
/ʑiɛn/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭɛn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯ɛn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chán
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chán
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyen ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d]a[r]/
English cicada

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2028
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*djan/

Definitions[edit]

  1. cicada
  2. a type of silk as thin as a cicada's wing
  3. cicada-shaped decoration
  4. continuously; unendingly

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of (“cicada”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Taxonomic name
Mandarin Beijing 季鳥兒馬季伏天兒
Taiwan 知了
Jinan 知了稍錢兒截了
Xi'an 知了
Wuhan 知丫知衣嗟哩嗟林
Chengdu 蟬子
Yangzhou 嘰溜子
Hefei 遮溜子遮溜遮遮子
Cantonese Guangzhou 沙蟬
Hong Kong 沙蟬
Gan Nanchang 借落子
Hakka Meixian 蟬仔呀衣仔
Huidong
Qujiang 蟬子
Changting 呀衣
Pingyu 蟬子
Wuping 蟬子
Liancheng 呀衣
Ninghua 蟬蟬子
Ruijin 呀蟻子
Shangyou 蟬子
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 蟬仔
Liudui (S. Sixian) 蟬仔
Hsinchu (Hailu) 蟬仔
Dongshi (Dabu) 䗊䗊依
Zhuolan (Raoping) 蟬仔
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan 蟬兒秋蟬
Min Bei Jian'ou 蟬蚱
Min Dong Fuzhou 阿蛦阿蛦母
Min Nan Xiamen 𧌄蜅蠐
Quanzhou 洋飛獅
Zhangzhou 𧌄栱蟬
Taipei 𧌄蜅蠐蟬仔
Kaohsiung 𧌄蜅蠐仔
Tainan 𧌄蜅蠐蟬仔
Taichung
Hsinchu 蟬蠳蛣蛚
Lukang 𧌄蜅蠐青吱仔
Sanxia 吱蟬
Yilan
Kinmen 蟬仔大蛚𧌄蜅蠐
Magong 𧌄蜅蠐
Penang 𧌄蜅蠐
Chaozhou 藥部蟬
Wu Shanghai 知了
Suzhou 知了洋師太
Wenzhou 知了
Xiang Changsha 蟬蛉子
Shuangfeng 蟬蛉子

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. cicada
  2. continuous

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(seon) (hangeul , revised seon, McCune-Reischauer sŏn, Yale sen)

  1. cicada

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thiền)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.