消息

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Chinese[edit]

 
consume; news; subside
consume; news; subside; to disappear; to vanish
 
rest; news; interest
rest; news; interest; breath
simp. and trad.
(消息)

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: xiāoxi - "message; news; information".

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (16) (16)
Final () (91) (134)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/siᴇu/ /sɨk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/siɛu/ /sɨk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/sjæu/ /siek̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/siaw/ /sik̚/
Li
Rong
/siɛu/ /siək̚/
Wang
Li
/sĭɛu/ /sĭək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯ɛu/ /si̯ək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiāo xi
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiāo
Middle
Chinese
‹ sjew › ‹ sik ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s]ew/ /*sək/
English dissolve; disappear breathe

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 13739 13332
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sew/ /*slɯɡ/
Notes

Noun[edit]

消息

  1. (countable, uncountable) message; news; information (Classifier: ; )
    內部消息 / 内部消息  ―  nèibù xiāoxi  ―  inside news
    消息消息 [MSC, trad.]
    消息消息 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒ yǒu yī ge hǎo xiāoxi, hé yī ge huài xiāoxi, nǐ xiǎng xiān tīng nǎ yī ge? [Pinyin]
    I have good news and I have bad news - which one would you like to hear first?
    消息  ―  Děng nǐ hǎo xiāoxi.  ―  Look forward to hearing the good news.
  2. (Can we verify(+) this sense?) (countable) omen
  3. (Can we verify(+) this sense?) (countable) essence
  4. (Can we verify(+) this sense?) (countable) mechanism
  5. (Can we verify(+) this sense?) (countable) hinge; crux
  6. (Hokkien) earpick

Usage notes[edit]

  • (news): 消息 (xiāoxi) refers to news as in new information; to express the meaning of news as in reports of current events, use 新聞新闻 (xīnwén).
  • (news): Note that: while in English, "news" is usually not countable, this is not the case in Mandarin, as one can say:
    消息消息等等 [MSC, trad.]
    消息消息等等 [MSC, simp.]
    liǎng ge xiāoxi, sān ge xiāoxi, děngděng [Pinyin]
    Two pieces of news, three pieces of news, etc.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (information):
edit
  • (xìn) (literary, or in compounds)
  • 信息 (xìnxī)
  • 情報情报 (qíngbào) (especially in the military or espionage)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (消息):
  • Japanese: (しょう)(そく) (shōsoku)
  • Korean: 소식 (消息, sosik)

Verb[edit]

消息

  1. (archaic) to increase and decrease
  2. (archaic) to subjoin
  3. (archaic) to change
  4. (archaic) to rest
  5. (archaic) to recuperate
  6. (archaic) to calm down
  7. (archaic) to deliberate

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
しょう
Grade: 3
そく
Grade: 3
on’yomi

Noun[edit]

消息(しょうそく) (shōsoku

  1. word (news, tidings)
  2. recent information, developments

References[edit]

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

消息 (sosik) (hangeul 소식)

  1. Hanja form? of 소식 (news).