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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 水月月月 (EBBB), four-corner 37127, composition)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 643, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18032
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1050, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1678, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6ED1

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xua³⁵/
Harbin /xua²⁴/
Tianjin /xuɑ⁴⁵/
Jinan /xua⁴²/
Qingdao /xua⁴²/
Zhengzhou /xua⁴²/
Xi'an /xua²⁴/
Xining /xua²⁴/
Yinchuan /xua⁵³/
Lanzhou /xua⁵³/
Ürümqi /xua⁵¹/
Wuhan /xua²¹³/
Chengdu /xua³¹/
Guiyang /xua²¹/
Kunming /xua̠³¹/
Nanjing /xuɑʔ⁵/
Hefei /xuɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /xuaʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /xuʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /xuaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ɦuaʔ¹/
Suzhou /ɦuaʔ³/
Hangzhou /ɦuɑʔ²/
Wenzhou /ɦo²¹³/
Hui Shexian /xuaʔ²¹/
/uaʔ²¹/
Tunxi /uːə⁵/
Xiang Changsha /fa²⁴/
/ua⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /uɒ⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /uaʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /vat̚⁵/
Taoyuan /vɑt̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wat̚²/
Nanning /wɛt̚²²/
/wat̚²²/
Hong Kong /wat̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /huat̚⁵/
/kut̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kouʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ko⁴²/
/xua²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kuk̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kut̚³/
/kut̚⁵/ ~稽

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Initial () (28) (33) (33)
Final () (56) (56) (76)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed Closed
Division () I I II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuət̚/ /ɦuət̚/ /ɦɣuɛt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kuot̚/ /ɦuot̚/ /ɦʷɯæt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuət̚/ /ɣuət̚/ /ɣuæt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwət̚/ /ɦwət̚/ /ɦwəɨt̚/
Li
Rong
/kuət̚/ /ɣuət̚/ /ɣuɛt̚/
Wang
Li
/kuət̚/ /ɣuət̚/ /ɣwæt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuət̚/ /ɣuət̚/ /ɣwat̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gu huá
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
huá
Middle
Chinese
‹ hwɛt ›
Old
Chinese
/*Nə-ɡˤrut/
English slippery

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 4315 4324 4333
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡruːd/ /*kuːd/ /*ɡuːd/

Verb[edit]

  1. to slip, to slide

Adjective[edit]

  1. very smooth
  2. slippery

Derived terms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 滑稽 (gǔjī).

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. slippery
  2. slide
  3. slip
  4. flunk

Readings[edit]

Kanji in this term
なめ
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana なめ, romaji name)

  1. in mountaineering, the place where a little water is running on a smooth rock
  2. smooth thing, slippery thing

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hwal, gol) (hangeul , , revised hwal, gol, McCune-Reischauer hwal, kol, Yale hwal, kol)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hoạt, gột, cốt)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.