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See also:
U+6ED1, 滑
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6ED1

[U+6ED0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6ED2]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85, +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 水月月月 (EBBB), four-corner 37127, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 643, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18032
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1050, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1678, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6ED1

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #
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Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡruːd, *kuːd, *ɡuːd): semantic (water) + phonetic (OC *kuːd).

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • gò - vernacular;
  • huà - literary.
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • gŏk - vernacular;
    • huăk - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • ku̍t - vernacular;
    • hoa̍t - literary.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /xua³⁵/
    Harbin /xua²⁴/
    Tianjin /xuɑ⁴⁵/
    Jinan /xua⁴²/
    Qingdao /xua⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /xua⁴²/
    Xi'an /xua²⁴/
    Xining /xua²⁴/
    Yinchuan /xua⁵³/
    Lanzhou /xua⁵³/
    Ürümqi /xua⁵¹/
    Wuhan /xua²¹³/
    Chengdu /xua³¹/
    Guiyang /xua²¹/
    Kunming /xua̠³¹/
    Nanjing /xuɑʔ⁵/
    Hefei /xuɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /xuaʔ⁵⁴/
    Pingyao /xuʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /xuaʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /ɦuaʔ¹/
    Suzhou /ɦuaʔ³/
    Hangzhou /ɦuɑʔ²/
    Wenzhou /ɦo²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /xuaʔ²¹/
    /uaʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /uːə⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /fa²⁴/
    /ua⁵⁵/
    Xiangtan /uɒ⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /uaʔ²/
    Hakka Meixian /vat̚⁵/
    Taoyuan /vɑt̚⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /wat̚²/
    Nanning /wɛt̚²²/
    /wat̚²²/
    Hong Kong /wat̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /huat̚⁵/
    /kut̚⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kouʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ko⁴²/
    /xua²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kuk̚⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /kut̚³/
    /kut̚⁵/ ~稽

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 3/3
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (76)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦˠuɛt̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦʷᵚæt̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣuæt̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦwəɨt̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣuɛt̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣwæt̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣwat̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    huá
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    waat6
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    huá
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hwɛt ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*Nə-ɡˁrut/
    English slippery

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    No. 4315
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡruːd/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to slip; to slide
    2. to swipe (on an electronic product)
      手機 / 手机  ―  huá shǒujī  ―  to play on one's phone
    3. very smooth
    4. slippery
    5. A surname​.

    Synonyms[edit]

    • (to slip, slippery): (Cantonese) 𨃩 (sin3)

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/3 2/3
    Initial () (28) (33)
    Final () (56) (56)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed Closed
    Division () I I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kuət̚/ /ɦuət̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kuot̚/ /ɦuot̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kuət̚/ /ɣuət̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kwət̚/ /ɦwət̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /kuət̚/ /ɣuət̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /kuət̚/ /ɣuət̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kuət̚/ /ɣuət̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    gu
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    gwat1 wat6
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/3 3/3
    No. 4324 4333
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2 2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kuːd/ /*ɡuːd/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to disturb; to unsettle
    2. to treat; to regulate
    3. to muddy
    4. Used in 滑稽 (gǔjī).

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. slippery
    2. slide
    3. slip
    4. flunk

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    なめ
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (なめ) (name

    1. in mountaineering, the place where a little water is running on a smooth rock
    2. smooth thing, slippery thing

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC ɦˠuɛt̚).

    Historical readings

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 미끄러울 (mikkeureoul hwal))

    1. Hanja form? of (slippery).

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC kuət̚).

    Historical readings

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 익살스러울 (iksalseureoul gol))

    1. Hanja form? of (comical).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: gột, cốt, hoạt

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.