From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
U+5FFD, 忽
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5FFD

[U+5FFC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5FFE]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 61, +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 心竹心 (PHP), four-corner 27332, composition )

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 378, character 34
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10405
  • Dae Jaweon: page 707, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2274, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+5FFD

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script

Historically and academically considered a phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *hmɯːd): phonetic (OC *mɯd) + semantic (heart). Incorrectly colloquially explained as an ideogrammic compound (會意会意): (not) + (heart).

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xu⁵⁵/
Harbin /xu⁴⁴/
Tianjin /xu²¹/
Jinan /xu²¹³/
Qingdao /xu⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /xu²⁴/
Xi'an /xu²¹/
Xining /xv̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /xu¹³/
Lanzhou /xu³¹/
Ürümqi /xu⁴⁴/
Wuhan /xu²¹³/
Chengdu /fu³¹/
Guiyang /fu²¹/
Kunming /xu³¹/
Nanjing /xuʔ⁵/
Hefei /xuəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /xuəʔ²/
Pingyao /xuʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /xuəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /hoʔ⁵/
Suzhou /huəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /hoʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /ɕy²¹³/
Hui Shexian /xuʔ²¹/
Tunxi /xu⁵/
Xiang Changsha /fu²⁴/
Xiangtan /ɸu²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /fɨʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /fut̚¹/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /fɐt̚⁵/
Nanning /fɐt̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /fut̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hut̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huɔʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xo²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /huk̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hut̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (32)
Final () (56)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Baxter xwot
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/huət̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/huot̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/xuət̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hwət̚/
Li
Rong
/xuət̚/
Wang
Li
/xuət̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xuət̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hu
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
fat1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ xwot ›
Old
Chinese
/*m̥ˁut/
English careless; confused

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13211
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hmɯːd/

Definitions[edit]

  1. suddenly; abruptly
  2. to neglect; to ignore
  3. a surname

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

(Cantonese)

  1. place
  2. part

Compounds[edit]

Goguryeo[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Possibly related to Middle Korean 골〯 (kwǒl) and Middle Korean ᄀᆞ옳 (kòwòlh).[1] A possible Wanderwort; see Proto-Uralic *kota for more.[2]

Noun[edit]

(*kuru or *kolo) (Records of the Three Kingdoms 溝漊).[1][2]

  1. castle, fortress

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Lim, Byung-joon (1999) (A) Study on the borrowed writings of the dialect of Koguryo Dynasty in Ancient Korean (MA), Konkuk University
  2. 2.0 2.1 Vovin, Alexander (2013), “From Koguryo to T'amna”, in Korean Linguistics[1] (PDF), volume 15, issue 2, John Benjamins Publishing Company, →DOI, pages 222-240

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. in a moment
  2. instantly
  3. all of a sudden
  4. neglect
  5. disregard

Readings[edit]

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hol) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: hốt

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.