hut

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Hut, hút, hűt, hüt, and huť

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /hʌt/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ʌt

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English *hutte, hotte, borrowed from Old French hutte, hute (cottage), from Old High German hutta (hut, cottage), from Proto-Germanic *hudjǭ, *hudjō (hut), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kewt- (to deck; cover; covering; skin). Cognate with German Hütte (hut), Dutch hut (hut), West Frisian hutte (hut), Saterland Frisian Hutte (hut), Danish hytte (hut), Swedish hytta (hut). Related to hide.

Thatched hut in Niger
Stone hut in Madeira

Noun[edit]

hut (plural huts)

  1. A small, simple one-storey dwelling or shelter, often with just one room, and generally built of readily available local materials.
    a thatched hut; a mud hut; a shepherd’s hut
    • 1625, Nicholas Breton, “An Untrained Souldiour” in Characters and Essayes, Aberdeen: Edward Raban, p. 31,[3]
      And in his Hut, when hee to rest doth take him,
      Hee sleeps, till Drums or deadlie Pellets wake him.
    • 1751, Samuel Johnson, The Rambler, No. 186, 28 December, 1751, Volume 6, London: J. Payne and J. Bouquet, 1752, pp. 108-109,[4]
      [] love, that extends his dominion wherever humanity can be found, perhaps exerts the same power in the Greenlander’s hut, as in the palaces of eastern monarchs.
    • 1861, Charles Dickens, Great Expectations, London: Chapman and Hall, Volume 2, Chapter 20, p. 341,[5]
      [] I was a hired-out shepherd in a solitary hut, not seeing no faces but faces of sheep till I half forgot wot men’s and women’s faces wos like,
    • 1958, Chinua Achebe, Things Fall Apart, New York: Anchor Books, 1994, Chapter 11, p. 95,[6]
      There was an oil lamp in all the four huts on Okonkwo’s compound, and each hut seen from the others looked like a soft eye of yellow half-light set in the solid massiveness of night.
  2. A small wooden shed.
    a groundsman’s hut
  3. (agriculture, obsolete) A small stack of grain.[1]
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Verb[edit]

hut (third-person singular simple present huts, present participle hutting, simple past and past participle hutted)

  1. (archaic, transitive) To provide (someone) with shelter in a hut.
    to hut troops in winter quarters
    • 1631, Henry Hexham (translator), The Art of Fortification by Samuel Marolois, Amsterdam: John Johnson, Part 2, Figure 124 & 125,[7]
      [] commonly the Captaines, after their souldiers are hutted, build Hutts in the place, where their tents stood,
    • 1803, Robert Charles Dallas, The History of the Maroons, London: Longman and Rees, Volume 1, Letter 6, p. 200,[8]
      [] the scite of the New Town, where divisions of the 17th and 20th light dragoons had hutted themselves.
    • 1850, Washington Irving, The Life of Washington, New York: John W. Lovell, Volume 2, Chapter 56, p. 443,[9]
      His troops, hutted among the heights of Morristown, were half fed, half clothed, and inferior in number to the garrison of New York.
  2. (archaic, intransitive) To take shelter in a hut.
    • 1653, Newsletter sent from London to Edward Nicholas dated 17 June, 1653, in William Dunn Macray (ed.), Calendar of the Clarendon State Papers, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1869, Volume 2, p. 219,[10]
      Seven boatfuls of Dutch prisoners have been taken to Chelsea College, where they are to hut under the walls.
    • 1778, William Gordon, The History of the Rise, Progress, and Establishment, of the Independence of the United States of America, London: for the author, Volume 3, Letter 1, p. 11,[11]
      He removed with the troops, on the 19th, to Valley-forge, where they hutted, about sixteen miles from Philadelphia.
  3. (agriculture, obsolete, transitive) To stack (sheaves of grain).
    • 1796, James Donaldson, Modern Agriculture; or, The Present State of Husbandry in Great Britain, Edinburgh, Volume 2, p. 417,[12]
      The method of endeavouring to save corn in bad harvests, by hutting it in the field, is often practised in the north and west of Scotland,

Etymology 2[edit]

A short, sharp sound of command. Compare hey, hup, etc.

Interjection[edit]

hut

  1. (American football) Called by the quarterback to prepare the team for a play.

References[edit]

  1. ^ A Letter to the West Country Farmers, concerning the Difficulties and Management of a Bad Harvest, Paisley, 1773, p. 33: “A hut of corn is a small clump or stack, resembling a hay quoil or rick; and consists of about forty, fifty, or more sheaves [] [1]

Anagrams[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Albanian *hut, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ewt- (downwards). Cognate with Ancient Greek αὔτως (aútōs, in vain), Gothic 𐌰𐌿𐌸𐌴𐌹𐍃 (auþeis).[1]

Adverb[edit]

hut

  1. in vain, vainly
  2. empty, idle
  3. good, appropriate
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the adverb or an onomatopoeia (compare English hoot).

Noun[edit]

hut m (indefinite plural hutë, definite singular huti, definite plural hutët)

  1. owl

References[edit]

  1. ^ Demiraj, Bardhyl (1997) Albanische Etymologien: Untersuchungen zum albanischen Erbwortschatz [Albanian Etymologies: Investigations into the Albanian Inherited Lexicon] (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 7)‎[2] (in German), Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi, page 205

Dutch[edit]

A Dutch plaggenhut.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hut f (plural hutten, diminutive hutje n)

  1. a small wooden shed, hut.
  2. a primitive dwelling.
  3. a cabin on a boat.
  4. a usually simple recreational lodging, pub, or suchlike for scouting, mountaineering, skiing, and so on.
  5. (archaic or toponym) a roadhouse, inn or pub, sometimes primitive and/or of ill repute.

Derived terms[edit]


Old High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *hūdiz, whence also Old English hyd, Old Norse húð

Noun[edit]

hūt f

  1. hide
  2. (anatomy) skin

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle High German: hūt

Polish[edit]

Noun[edit]

hut f

  1. genitive plural of huta

Swedish[edit]

Interjection[edit]

hut

  1. behave! (same as: du ska veta hut! = vet hut! = hut!)

Noun[edit]

hut n

  1. decency, good manners, politeness, reason, common sense; only in a few expressions:
    du ska veta hut
    you should behave
    jag ska lära dig veta hut
    I shall teach you some decency
    jag kräver hut och hyfs av mina barn
    I demand good manners and behaviour of my children

Usage notes[edit]

  • Very rarely, one sees a definite form hutet

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]