in vain

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

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Particularly: “Anglo-Norman en vain?”

Adverb[edit]

in vain ‎(comparative more in vain, superlative most in vain)

  1. (idiomatic) Without success or a result; ending in failure.
    • 1863 November 19, Abraham Lincoln, The Gettysburg Address, based on the signed "Bliss Copy"
      we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain
    • 19C, Friedrich Nietzsche
      On the mountains of truth you can never climb in vain
  2. (idiomatic) In a disrespectful manner, especially when concerning religion.
    • 1611, Bible (KJV):, Exodus 20:7
      Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain

Translations[edit]

Adjective[edit]

in vain ‎(comparative more in vain, superlative most in vain)

  1. (idiomatic) Unsuccessful, failed.