զուր

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian զուր ‎(zur); see there for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

զուր ‎(zur)

  1. futile, vain (for no reason)
    զուր անց կենալ՝ անցնել՝ գնալ‎ ― zur ancʿ kenal, ancʿnel, gnalfruitlessly, vainly
    զուր հույսեր‎ ― zur huyser ― futile hopes
    զուր տեղը‎ ― zur tełəin vain (for no reason, to no purpose)
  2. fruitless, to no avail
  3. (figuratively) for free, gratuitous
  4. unfounded, unsubstantiated, baseless
  5. inconsequential, inconsequent

Declension[edit]

Adverb[edit]

զուր ‎(zur)

  1. in vain, for nothing, vainly, to no purpose, to no avail

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Parthian zʿwr, zwr ‎(zūr, deceit, falsehood; deceitful, false; vain, in vain). Compare Middle Persian zwl ‎(zōr), Persian زور ‎(zūr), Avestan [script needed] ‎(zura-); these are cognate with Sanskrit ह्वार ‎(hvāra, going crookedly) and ultimately Russian зло ‎(zlo).

Adjective[edit]

զուր ‎(zurindeclinable

  1. vain, useless, futile, trifling, frivolous
    ի զուր, ընդ զուր, զուր ուրեմն‎ ― i zur, ənd zur, zur uremn ― vainly, in vain, uselessly, invalidly, unjustly
    ի զուր ճգնել‎ ― i zur čgnel ― to labour in vain
    զուր ստրջանք‎ ― zur strǰankʿ ― unavailing regrets
    զուր ջան, անօգուտ վաստակ‎ ― zur ǰan, anōgut vastak ― labour lost

Adverb[edit]

զուր ‎(zur)

  1. vainly, in vain, to no purpose, uselessly, invalidly, unjustly
    զուր խօսել (զումեքէ)‎ ― zur xōsel (zumekʿē) ― to calumniate, to impute, to accuse

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “զուր”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “զուր”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “զուր”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • Perixanjan, Anait (1993) Materialy k etimologičeskomu slovarju drevnearmjanskovo jazyka. Častʹ I [Materials for the Etymological Dictionary of the Old Armenian Language. Part 1] (in Russian), Yerevan: Academy Press, page 47