զուր

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian զուր ‎(zur).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

զուր ‎(zur)

  1. futile, vain (for no reason)
    զուր անց կենալ՝ անցնել՝ գնալzur ancʿ kenal, ancʿnel, gnalfruitlessly, vainly
    զուր հույսերzur huyser ― futile hopes
    զուր տեղըzur tełəin vain (for no reason, to no purpose)
  2. fruitless, to no avail
  3. (figuratively) for free, gratuitous
  4. unfounded, unsubstantiated, baseless
  5. inconsequential, inconsequent

Declension[edit]

Adverb[edit]

զուր ‎(zur)

  1. in vain, for nothing, vainly, to no purpose, to no avail

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Parthian 𐭆𐭅𐭓 ‎(zūr). Compare Middle Persian 𐭦𐭥𐭥 ‎(zūr), Persian زور ‎(zūr), Avestan [script needed] ‎(zura-); these are cognate with Sanskrit ह्वार ‎(hvāra, going crookedly) and ultimately Russian зло ‎(zlo).

Adjective[edit]

զուր ‎(zur) ‎(indeclinable

  1. vain, useless, futile, trifling, frivolous
    ի զուր, ընդ զուր, զուր ուրեմնi zur, ənd zur, zur uremn ― vainly, in vain, uselessly, invalidly, unjustly
    ի զուր ճգնելi zur čgnel ― to labour in vain
    զուր ստրջանքzur strǰankʿ ― unavailing regrets
    զուր ջան, անօգուտ վաստակzur ǰan, anōgut vastak ― labour lost

Adverb[edit]

զուր ‎(zur)

  1. vainly, in vain, to no purpose, uselessly, invalidly, unjustly
    զուր խօսել (զումեքէ)zur xōsel (zumekʿē) ― to calumniate, to impute, to accuse

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • զուր in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • զուր in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language, a.k.a. NHB], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • զուր in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University [Reprint of the original edition: 1926–1935, in 7 volumes, Yerevan]
  • Anait Perixanjan (Perikhanian) (1993), Materialy k etimologičeskomu slovarju drevnearmjanskogo jazyka [Materials for the Etymological Dictionary of the Old Armenian Language], Yerevan: Academy of Sciences of the Armenian SSR, page 47