team

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See also: Team

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English teme, from Old English tēam (child-bearing, offspring, brood, set of draught animals), from Proto-Germanic *taumaz (that which draws or pulls), from Proto-Germanic *taugijaną, *tugōną, *teuhōną, *teuhaną (to lead, bring, pull, draw), from Proto-Indo-European *dewk- (to pull, lead). Cognate with Scots team, teem (a chain, harness), West Frisian team (bridle, team), Dutch toom (bridle, reins, flock of birds), German Zaum (bridle), Norwegian tømme (bridle, rein), Swedish töm (leash, rein). More at tie, tow.

Noun[edit]

team (plural teams)

  1. A set of draught animals, such as two horses in front of a carriage.
  2. Any group of people involved in the same activity, especially sports or work.
    We need more volunteers for the netball team.
    The IT manager leads a team of three software developers.
  3. (obsolete) A group of animals moving together, especially young ducks.
    • (Can we date this quote by Holland and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      a team of ducklings about her
    • 1697, “Aeneis”, in John Dryden, transl., The Works of Virgil: Containing His Pastorals, Georgics, and Æneis. [], London: Printed for Jacob Tonson, [], OCLC 403869432:
      a long team of snowy swans on high
  4. (Britain, law, obsolete) A royalty or privilege granted by royal charter to a lord of a manor, of having, keeping, and judging in his court, his bondmen, neifes, and villains, and their offspring, or suit, that is, goods and chattels, and appurtenances thereto.
    • 1871, Alexander M. Burrill, Law Dictioary & Glossary, vol II, [1]
      TEAM, Theam, Tem, Them. Sax. [from tyman, to propagate, to teem.] In old English law. Literally, an offspring, race or generation. A royalty or privilege granted by royal charter to a lord of a manor, of having, keeping and judging in his court, his bondmen, neifes and villeins, and their offspring or suit. They who had a jurisdiction of this kind, were said to have a court of Theme... constantly used in the old books in connection with toll, in the expression Toll & Team.
Usage notes[edit]
  • In British English, team is construed as plural, emphasizing the members. In US English it is construed as singular, emphasizing the group. This conforms to the general practice in the two dialects for collective nouns.
    • British English:
      2012, Institute of Leadership & Management, Building the Team[2], page 124:
      At the storming stage, the team are trying to establish relationships with one another, and to determine who will take the dominant roles.
    • American English:
      2010, William G. Dyer, ‎W. Gibb Dyer, Jr., ‎Jeffrey H. Dyer, Team Building: Proven Strategies for Improving Team Performance[3]:
      When a subordinate wants to give feedback to a boss, this is typically only done in a roundabout way through the “grapevine” (other members of the team), usually when the team is out at night drinking.
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Dutch: team
  • German: Team
  • Japanese: チーム (chīmu)
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

team (third-person singular simple present teams, present participle teaming, simple past and past participle teamed)

  1. (intransitive) To form a group, as for sports or work.
    They teamed to complete the project.
  2. (intransitive, by extension) To go together well; to harmonize.
    • 2005, Jill Dupleix, Good Cooking: The New Basics (page 32)
      Rich, creamy avocado is cut back by the citrus sharpness of grapefruit in this Israeli-inspired salad. It's brilliant for a brunchy breakfast, and teams well with grilled salmon, tuna, or mackerel for dinner.
  3. (transitive) To convey or haul with a team.
    to team lumber
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Thoreau to this entry?)
  4. (transitive) To form together into a team.
    to team oxen
  5. (transitive) To give work to a gang under a subcontractor.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

team

  1. Misspelling of teem.

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English team, from Middle English teme, from Old English tēam (child-bearing, offspring, brood, set of draught animals), from Proto-Germanic *taumaz (that which draws or pulls), from Proto-Germanic *taugijaną, *tugōną, *teuhōną, *teuhaną (to lead, bring, pull, draw), from Proto-Indo-European *dewk- (to pull, lead). Doublet with native Dutch toom.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

team n (plural teams, diminutive teampje n)

  1. team (group of people)
    Synonym: ploeg

Derived terms[edit]


Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

team m (invariable)

  1. team (group of people)

Synonyms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

team

  1. Alternative form of teme (folk)

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English team

Noun[edit]

team n (definite singular teamet, indefinite plural team, definite plural teama or teamene)

  1. a team

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English team

Noun[edit]

team n (definite singular teamet, indefinite plural team, definite plural teama)

  1. a team

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *taumaz (pull, draw).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tēam m (nominative plural tēamas)

  1. childbirth
  2. family, offspring
  3. a team of draught animals
  4. an Anglo-Saxon legal procedure in a stolen goods suit

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

team n

  1. team

Declension[edit]

Declension of team 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative team teamet team teamen
Genitive teams teamets teams teamens

Synonyms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


West Frisian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

team c (plural teammen, diminutive teamke)

  1. bridle
Further reading[edit]
  • team (I)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from English team.

Noun[edit]

team n (plural teams, diminutive teamke)

  1. team
    Sirkulaasjefollybal is in fariant op it gewoane follybal, mei 4 spilers yn elts team.
    Mini-volleyball is a variation of normal volleyball, with 4 players on each team.
    Synonym: ploech
Derived terms[edit]