دل

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root د ل ل(d-l-l).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

دَلَّ (dalla) I, non-past يَدُلُّ‎‎ (yadullu)

  1. to show, to indicate, to direct
  2. [+ على] to be evidence of, to be proof of, to attest to, to demonstrate, to establish, to substantiate
  3. [+ على] to denote, to designate, to signify, to suggest

Conjugation[edit]


Baluchi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian دل(del), from Proto-Iranian *jŕ̥dayam, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ȷ́ʰŕ̥dayam, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ḱḗr.

Compare Avestan 𐬰𐬆𐬭𐬆𐬛(zərəd), old Mazanderani زیله(zila) Sanskrit हृदय (hṛdaya), Armenian սիրտ (sirt), and English heart.

Doublet of زرد‎, which was inherited.

Noun[edit]

دل (dil)

  1. (anatomy) heart
    Synonym: زرد(zird)

Derived terms[edit]


Gujarati[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Persian دل(del) or Urdu دل(dil), itself from Persian, both from Proto-Iranian *jŕ̥dayam, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ȷ́ʰŕ̥dayam.

Noun[edit]

دل (diln (Standard Gujarati દિલ)

  1. (Lisan ud-Dawat) heart
    Synonyms: ھيّوں (haiyũ), ھردہ (hirdā), قلب (qalb), فؤاد (fuwād)

Laki[edit]

Noun[edit]

دل (dil)

  1. heart

Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *til, *tïl (tongue; language).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

دل (dil)

  1. tongue (organ)
  2. anything shaped like a tongue
    1. (geography) spit, promontory
    2. tenon
  3. tongue (language)
  4. a prisoner taken to gain information
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Turkish: dil

Etymology 2[edit]

From Persian دل(dil).

Noun[edit]

دل (dil)

  1. heart (organ)
    Synonyms: یورك(yürek), قلب(kalb)
  2. (figuratively) heart, courage; mind, feelings
    Synonym: گوڭل(göñül)
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Persian[edit]

Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
دل
Wikipedia fa

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Persian 𐭣𐭩𐭫(dyl /dil/), from Proto-Iranian *jŕ̥dayam, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ȷ́ʰŕ̥dayam, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ḱḗr; with a regular phonetic shift *ȷ́ŕ̥d- > *dŕ̥d > *dŕ̥l > dil. For the phonetic change, compare گل(gol) and سالار(sâlâr).

Cognates with Parthian 𐫉𐫏𐫡𐫅(zyrd /zirδ/), Avestan 𐬰𐬆𐬭𐬆𐬛(zərəd), old Mazanderani زیله(zila), Northern Kurdish dil, Sanskrit हृदय (hṛdaya), Armenian սիրտ (sirt), and English heart.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Dari دل
Iranian Persian
Tajik дил (dil)

دل (del) (plural دل‌ها(del-hâ))

  1. (original sense, now less common) heart
    Synonym: (now more common) قلب(qalb)
  2. (now common) stomach
    دلم درد می‌کند‎ ― del-am dard mi-konadI have a stomachache
  3. mind; (figuratively) the heart (as the seat of emotion)
    دلم شکست‎ ― del-am šekastmy heart is broken
  4. courage

Derived terms[edit]

Borrowed terms[edit]


Punjabi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed form Classical Persian دل(dil). First attested as Old Punjabi ਦਿਲੁ (dilu).

Noun[edit]

دِل (dilm (Gurmukhi spelling ਦਿਲ)

  1. heart
  2. mind
  3. soul
  4. spirit, valor
  5. courage

Declension[edit]

This entry is still being disputed.
Only specific Punjabi nouns have vocative, locative, ablative, and instrumental declensions. Only a few common nouns have a locative singular declension, with most instances being for proper nouns. Further, instrumental case only occurs with dual number (not singular or plural), and words for foods, God, and a few specific kinship terms have different plural rules in Punjabi.
Declension of دل
dir. sg. دِل(dil)
dir. pl. دِل(dil)
singular plural
direct دِل(dil) دِل(dil)
oblique دِل(dil) دِلاں(dilāṉ)
vocative دِلا(dilā) دِلو(dilo)
ablative دِلوں(diloṉ)
locative دِلے(dile) دِلِیں(dilīṉ)
instrumental دِلے(dile) دِلِیں(dilīṉ)

South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Root
د ل ل

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic دَلَّ(dalla).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /dall/, [dal]
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

دلّ (dall) (form I, present بدلّ(bidill))

  1. to guide, to direct, to indicate
    Synonyms: أرشد(ʔaršad), أشر(ʔaššar)

Conjugation[edit]

    Conjugation of دلّ (dall)
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m دلّيت (dallēt) دلّيت (dallēt) دلّ (dall) دلّينا (dallēna) دلّيتو (dallētu) دلّو (dallu)
f دلّيتي (dallēti) دلّت (dallat)
present m بدلّ (badill) بتدلّ (bitdill) بدلّ (bidill) مندلّ (mindill) بتدلّو (bitdillu) بدلّو (bidillu)
f بتدلّي (bitdilli) بتدلّ (bitdill)
subjunctive m ادلّ (adill) تدلّ (tdill) يدلّ (ydill) ندلّ (ndill) تدلّو (tdillu) يدلّو (ydillu)
f تدلّي (tdilli) تدلّ (tdill)
imperative m دلّ (dill) دلّو (dillu)
f دلّي (dilli)

Urdu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Classical Persian دل(dil). First attested as Old Hindi दिल (dila).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

دِل (dilm (Hindi spelling दिल)

  1. heart
    Synonym: قلب(qalb)
  2. (figuratively) mind
    Synonyms: من(man), دماغ(dimāġ)
  3. (figuratively) wish

Declension[edit]

Declension of دل
singular plural
direct دل(dil) دل(dil)
oblique دل(dil) دلوں(dilō̃)
vocative دل(dil) دلو(dilō)

Further reading[edit]

  • دل”, in اُردُو لُغَت (in Urdu), Ministry of Education: Government of Pakistan, 2017.
  • دل”, in Rekhta Dictionary [Urdu dictionary with meanings in Hindi & English], Noida, India: Rekhta Foundation, 2022.
  • Platts, John T. (1884), “دل”, in A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, London: W. H. Allen & Co., page 523
  • Qureshi, Bashir Ahmad (1971), “دل”, in Kitabistan's 20th Century Standard Dictionary‎, Lahore: Kitabistan Pub. Co., page 312