دل

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root د ل ل(d-l-l).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

دَلَّ (dalla) I, non-past يَدُلُّ‎‎ (yadullu)

  1. to show, to indicate, to direct
  2. [+ على] to be evidence of, to be [[proof ] of, to attest to, to demonstrate, to establish, to substantiate
  3. [+ على] to denote, to designate, to signify, to suggest

Conjugation[edit]


Baluchi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian دل(del), from Proto-Iranian *jŕ̥dayam, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ȷ́ʰŕ̥dayam, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ḱḗr.

Compare Avestan 𐬰𐬆𐬭𐬆𐬛(zərəd), old Mazanderani زیله(zila) Sanskrit हृदय (hṛdaya), Armenian սիրտ (sirt), and English heart.

Doublet of زرد‎, which was inherited.

Noun[edit]

دل (dil)

  1. (anatomy) heart
    Synonym: زرد(zird)

Derived terms[edit]


Gujarati[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Persian دل(del) or Urdu دل(dil), itself from Persian, both from Proto-Iranian *jŕ̥dayam, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ȷ́ʰŕ̥dayam.

Noun[edit]

دل (diln (Standard Gujarati દિલ)

  1. (Lisan ud-Dawat) heart
    Synonyms: ھيّوں (haiyũ), ھردہ (hirdā), قلب (qalb), فؤاد (fuwād)

Laki[edit]

Noun[edit]

دل (dil)

  1. heart

Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *til, *tïl (tongue; language).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

دل (dil)

  1. tongue (organ)
  2. anything shaped like a tongue
    1. (geography) spit, promontory
    2. tenon
  3. tongue (language)
  4. a prisoner taken to gain information

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Turkish: dil

Etymology 2[edit]

From Persian دل(dil).

Noun[edit]

دل (dil)

  1. heart (organ)
    Synonyms: یورك(yürek), قلب(kalb)
  2. (figuratively) heart, courage; mind, feelings
    Synonym: گوڭل(göñül)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Persian[edit]

Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
دل
Wikipedia fa

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Persian 𐭣𐭩𐭫(dyl /dil/), from Proto-Iranian *jŕ̥dayam, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ȷ́ʰŕ̥dayam, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ḱḗr; with a regular phonetic shift *ȷ́ŕ̥d- > *dŕ̥d > *dŕ̥l > dil. For the phonetic change, compare گل(gol) and سالار(sâlâr).

Cognates with Parthian 𐫉𐫏𐫡𐫅(zyrd /zirδ/), Avestan 𐬰𐬆𐬭𐬆𐬛(zərəd), old Mazanderani زیله(zila), Northern Kurdish dil, Sanskrit हृदय (hṛdaya), Armenian սիրտ (sirt), and English heart.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Dari Persian دل
Iranian Persian
Tajik дил (dil)

دل (del) (plural دل‌ها(del-hâ))

  1. heart
  2. mind
  3. courage
  4. stomach

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Borrowed terms[edit]


Punjabi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed form Classical Persian دل(dil). First attested as Old Punjabi ਦਿਲੁ (dilu).

Noun[edit]

دِل (dilm (Gurmukhi spelling ਦਿਲ)

  1. heart
  2. mind
  3. soul
  4. spirit, valor
  5. courage

South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Root
د ل ل

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic دَلَّ(dalla).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /dall/, [dal]
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

دلّ (dall) (form I, present بدلّ(bidill))

  1. to indicate, to show the way, to guide, to direct

Conjugation[edit]

    Conjugation of دلّ (dall)
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m دلّيت(dallēt) دلّيت(dallēt) دلّ (dall) دلّينا(dallēna) دلّيتو(dallētu) دلّو(dallu)
f دلّيتي(dallēti) دلّت(dallat)
present m بدلّ(badill) بتدلّ(bitdill) بدلّ(bidill) مندلّ(mindill) بتدلّو(bitdillu) بدلّو(bidillu)
f بتدلّي(bitdilli) بتدلّ(bitdill)
subjunctive m ادلّ(adill) تدلّ(tdill) يدلّ(ydill) ندلّ(ndill) تدلّو(tdillu) يدلّو(ydillu)
f تدلّي(tdilli) تدلّ(tdill)
imperative m دلّ (dill) دلّو(dillu)
f دلّي(dilli)

Urdu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Classical Persian دل(dil). First attested as Old Hindi दिल (dila). Doublet of ہِردی(hriday).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

دِل (dilm (Hindi spelling दिल)

  1. heart
  2. mind
  3. soul
  4. spirit, valor
  5. courage

Synonyms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • دل”, in اُردُو لُغَت (in Urdu), Ministry of Education: Government of Pakistan, 2017.
  • دل”, in Rekhta Dictionary [Urdu dictionary with meanings in Hindi & English], Noida, India: Rekhta Foundation, 2021.
  • Platts, John T. (1884), “دل”, in A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, London: W. H. Allen & Co., page 523
  • Qureshi, Bashir Ahmad (1971), “دل”, in Kitabistan's 20th Century Standard Dictionary‎, Lahore: Kitabistan Pub. Co., page 312