haul

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English hālen, hailen, haulen (to drag, pull; to draw up, raise; to exert a drawing or hauling force; to pull at, tear at; to rush; to flow, run; to reach, stretch), from Old French haler (to haul, pull)[1] (possibly through Old English *halian (to haul, drag)), from Frankish *halōn (to drag, fetch, haul) or Middle Dutch halen (to drag, fetch, haul), all from Proto-Germanic *halōną, *halēną, *hulōną (to call, fetch, summon), from Proto-Indo-European *kelh₁- (to call, cry, summon). The word is cognate with Danish hale (to haul), Middle Dutch halen (to draw, fetch, haul), Dutch halen (to fetch, bring, haul), Old Frisian halia, Saterland Frisian halen (to draw, haul, pull), Low German halen (to draw, pull), Old High German halôn, holôn, German holen (to fetch, get), Norwegian hale (to haul), Old Saxon halôn (to fetch, get), Swedish hala (to hale, haul, pull, tug),[2] and related to Old English ġeholian (to get, obtain).

The noun is derived from the verb.[3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

haul (third-person singular simple present hauls, present participle hauling, simple past and past participle hauled)

  1. (transitive) To transport by drawing or pulling, as with horses or oxen, or a motor vehicle.
    to haul logs to a sawmill
    • 1885, Ulysses S. Grant, “Ancestry—Birth—Boyhood”, in Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant. In Two Volumes, volume I, New York, N.Y.: Charles L. Webster & Company, OCLC 928835262, page 26:
      When I was seven or eight years of age, I began hauling all the wood used in the house and shops. I could not load it on the wagons, of course, at the time, but I could drive [the horses], and the choppers would load, and some one at the house unload.
  2. (transitive) To draw or pull something heavy.
    • 1725, Homer; [Alexander Pope], transl., “Book XIII”, in The Odyssey of Homer. [], volume III, London: Printed for Bernard Lintot, OCLC 8736646, lines 136–139, page 194:
      Thither they bent, and haul'd their ſhip to land, / (The crooked keel divides the yellow ſand) / Ulyſſes ſleeping on his couch they bore, / And gently plac'd him on the rocky ſhore.
    • 1810, John Denham, “The Destruction of Troy. An Essay on the Second Book of Virgil’s Æneis. Written in the Year 1636.”, in Alexander Chalmers, Samuel Johnson, editor, The Works of the English Poets, from Chaucer to Cowper; [] In Twenty-one Volumes, volume VII (Cowley, Denham, Milton), London: Printed [by C[harles] Whittingham] for J. Johnson [et al.], OCLC 277665500, page 240:
      A spacious breach we make, and Troy's proud wall, / Built by the gods, by her own hands doth fall; / Thus all their help to their own ruin give, / Some draw with cords and some the monster drive / With rolls and levers: thus our works it climbs, / Big with our fate; the youth with songs and rhimes, / Some dance, some haul the rope; at last let down / It enters with a thundering noise the town, / Oh Troy, the seat of gods, in war renown'd!
      Earlier editions use the word hale: see hale.
    • 1912, A. Rogers, “Yachting”, in The Encyclopædia of Sport & Games: In Four Volumes, volume IV (Rackets–Zebra), The Sportsman edition, London: [The Sportsman?], OCLC 186708828, page 357, column 2:
      Passing through the entrance of the harbour, the admiral proceeds to manœuvre his flet, to the great gratification of the host of spectators, [] [H]e hoists Dutch colours and fires two guns. This is the signal for a general chase after an imaginary enemy, a chase which continues till he hauls down his flag and fires another gun.
    • 2016 May 22, Phil McNulty, “Crystal Palace 1 – 2 Manchester United”, in BBC Sport[1], archived from the original on 14 June 2018:
      United lost [Chris] Smalling to a second yellow card for hauling back Yannick Bolasie in extra time – but [Jesse] Lingard took the trophy to Old Trafford when he lashed home a first-time strike from Damien Delaney's half-clearance after 110 minutes.
  3. (transitive) To carry or transport something, with a connotation that the item is heavy or otherwise difficult to move.
    • 1905 February 4, “Why Not Tell the Truth?”, in W. M. Camp, editor, The Railway and Engineering Review, volume XLV, number 5, Chicago, Ill.: Railway Review Inc. [], OCLC 1821156, page 73, column 1:
      The California fruit trade is all handled by the Southern Pacific and the Santa Fe railroads. The last named road operates its own refrigerator cars and fixes its own rates. It hauls fully half of the traffic and it is therefore evident that the "Beef Trust" has no voice or power in the matter. [] The same condition exists with the melon grower of Colorado, except that in this case the Santa Fe road hauls nearly all of the product.
  4. (transitive, figuratively) To drag, to pull, to tug.
  5. (transitive, figuratively) Followed by up: to summon to be disciplined or held answerable for something.
  6. (intransitive) To pull apart, as oxen sometimes do when yoked.
  7. (transitive, intransitive, nautical) To steer (a vessel) closer to the wind.
    Antonym: veer
    • 1745 October 7, Charles Fearne, “The Trial at Large of Captain George Burrish, []”, in Minutes of the Proceedings of a Court-Martial, Assembled on the 23d of September, 1745, [] to Enquire into the Conduct of Admiral Matthews [i.e., Thomas Mathews], Vice-Admiral [Richard] Lestock, and Several Other Officers, in and Relating to the Late Engagement between His Majesty’s Fleet and the Combined Fleets of France and Spain off Toulon, London: Published with His Majesty's royal privilege and licence, published 1746, OCLC 559831649, page 240:
      When the Admiral hauls out of the Line, and remains ſo for ſome Accident, although the Signal for the Line is flying, and the Signal for Battle then out, ought not the other Ships to continue in the Line, doing their Duty, engaging the Enemy?
    • 1769 April 4, James Cook, “[An Account of a Voyage around the World, in the Years MDCCLXVIII, MDCCLXIX, MDCCLXX, and MDCCLXXI. By Lieutenant James Cook, Commander of His Majesty’s Bark the Endeavour.] Chapter VII”, in John Hawkesworth, editor, An Account of the Voyages Undertaken by the Order of His Present Majesty for Making Discoveries in the Southern Hemisphere, [] In Three Volumes, volume II, London: Printed for W[illiam] Strahan; and T[homas] Cadell [], published 1773, OCLC 745146430, page 72:
      On Tueſday the 4th of April, about ten o'clock in the morning, Mr. Banks's ſervant, Peter Briſcoe, diſcovered land, bearing fourth, at the diſtance of about three or four leagues. I immediately hauled up for it, and found it to be an iſland of an oval form, with a lagoon in the middle, which occupied much the larger part of it; []
  8. (intransitive, nautical) Of the wind: to shift fore (more towards the bow).
    Antonym: veer

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

haul (plural hauls)

  1. An act of hauling or pulling, particularly with force; a (violent) pull or tug.
  2. The distance over which something is hauled or transported, especially if long.
    Getting to his place was a real haul.
    I find long-haul travel by airplane tiring.
    • 1921, Victor W[ilfred] Pagé, “Truck Operating Cost Determination”, in The Modern Motor Truck: Design, Construction, Operation, Repair, Commercial Applications [...], New York, N.Y.: The Norman W. Henley Publishing Co. [], OCLC 1709111, page 893:
      The condition, par excellence, in favor of motor truck operation is one involving long hauls. In fact, it may be almost said that any one having to make long hauls in his business should motorize at once without further debate, as the case for trucks is practically settled by the mere statement of this condition. [] Transportation involving short hauls is the obverse of the ideal, and as a general thing represents a condition unfavorable for the operation of motor trucks.
    • 2007, Pat Hanlon, “Scheduling through Hubs”, in Global Airlines: Competition in a Transnational Industry, 3rd edition, Oxford, Oxfordshire; Burlington, Mass.: Butterworth-Heinemann, →ISBN, section 5.6 (Effects on Passengers), page 232:
      Many routes to/from hubs on which the anti-competitive effects of market power are likely to be most marked are relatively short hauls, whereas many of the through markets most likely to benefit from greater competition are relatively long hauls. If scheduling through hubs causes fares in through (long haul) markets to fall and fares in local (short haul) markets to rise, this can result in the structure of fares by distance reflecting more closely the manner in which average costs vary by route length.
  3. An amount of something that has been taken, especially of fish, illegal loot, or items purchased on a shopping trip.
    The robber’s haul was over thirty items.
    The trawler landed a ten-ton haul.
    • 1876, “Commissioners of Fisheries. Burlington County.”, in Seventh Annual Report of the Commissioners of Fisheries of the State of New Jersey, for the Year 1876, Trenton, N.J.: John L. Murphy, State Gazette Printing House, OCLC 175676180, page 9:
      At Kidney's Cove there was a seine of one hundred and seventy-five fathoms in length and twenty-four feet in depth, operated by a crew of twelve men. The daily hauls were ten, and was fished from April 13th or June 6th. Gross receipts, $1,600.
    • 1911 April 12, “Got Away with $25,000 Worth of Tires, It is Said”, in The Horseless Age: First Automobile Journal in the English Language, volume XXVII, number 15, New York, N.Y.: Horseless Age Co., OCLC 27673485, page 647, column 2:
      One of the biggest "hauls" ever made in the tire business is alleged to have been engineered last week by H. R. Hare, a former cashier of the Hartford Rubber Works. Most of the larger tire concerns doing business in New York were the victims, the total amount stolen being in the neighborhood of $25,000 worth.
  4. (Internet) Short for haul video (video posted on the Internet consisting of someone showing and talking about recently purchased items).
  5. (ropemaking) A bundle of many threads to be tarred.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ hālen, v.” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 1 November 2018.
  2. ^ haul, v.”, in OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1898; “hale, v.1”, in OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1898.
  3. ^ haul, n.”, in OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1898.

Anagrams[edit]


Luxembourgish[edit]

Verb[edit]

haul

  1. second-person singular imperative of haulen

Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

haul

  1. Alternative form of hayle

Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Welsh heul, from Proto-Celtic *sāwol (compare Cornish howl, Breton heol; compare also Old Irish súil (eye)), from Proto-Indo-European *sóh₂wl̥.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

haul m (plural heuliau)

  1. sun

Derived terms[edit]