súil

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See also: sùil

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish súil, from Primitive Irish *sūli, alteration of Proto-Celtic *sūle (suns), dual of *sūlos, genitive of *sāwol (compare Welsh haul, Breton heol), from Proto-Indo-European *sóh₂wl̥. The change in meaning in Irish is apparently due to the mythological view of the sun as the “eye of the sky”.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

súil f (genitive singular súile, nominative plural súile)

  1. eye
  2. (with le plus the person or thing expected or hoped for)
    1. hope
      súil agam go...I hope that...
    2. expectation
      súil abhaile leat.You are expected home.
      Synonym: coinne

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
súil shúil
after an, tsúil
not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Primitive Irish *sūli, alteration of Proto-Celtic *sūle, dual of *sūlos (sun), genitive of *sāwol (sun) (compare Welsh haul (sun), Breton heol (sun)), from Proto-Indo-European *sóh₂wl̥ (sun).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

súil f (genitive súlo or súla, nominative plural súili)

  1. eye
    • c. 800–825, Diarmait, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 112b12
      Is déniu ad·ciam húa ṡúlib risíu ro·cloammar in fogur húa chluasaib, ut est is toísigiu ad·ciam teilciud in béla resíu ro·cloammar a guth sidi.
      We see more quickly with the eyes before we hear the sound with the ears, ut est we see the throwing of the axe sooner before we hear the sound of this.
  2. hope, expectation

Inflection[edit]

Feminine i-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative súil súilL súiliH
Vocative súil súilL súiliH
Accusative súilN súilL súiliH
Genitive súloH, súlaH súloH, súlaH súileN
Dative súilL súilib, súlib súilib, súlib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Irish: súil
  • Manx: sooill
  • Scottish Gaelic: sùil

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
súil ṡúil unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]