súil

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See also: sùil

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish súil, from Primitive Irish *sūli, alteration of Proto-Celtic *sūle (suns), dual of *sūlos, genitive of *sāwol (compare Welsh haul, Breton heol), from Proto-Indo-European *sóh₂wl̥. The change in meaning in Irish is apparently due to the mythological view of the sun as the “eye of the sky”.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

súil f (genitive singular súile, nominative plural súile)

  1. eye
  2. (with le plus the person or thing expected or hoped for)
    1. hope
      súil agam go...I hope that...
    2. expectation
      súil abhaile leat.You are expected home.
      Synonyms: coinne

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
súil shúil
after an, tsúil
not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • "súil" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • súil” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • “súil” in Foclóir Gaeḋilge agus Béarla, Irish Texts Society, 2nd ed., 1927, by Patrick S. Dinneen.
  • Entries containing “súil” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing “súil” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Primitive Irish *sūli, alteration of Proto-Celtic *sūle, dual of *sūlos (sun), genitive of *sāwol (sun) (compare Welsh haul (sun), Breton heol (sun)), from Proto-Indo-European *sóh₂wl̥ (sun).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

súil f (genitive súlo or súla, nominative plural súili)

  1. eye
  2. hope, expectation

Inflection[edit]

Feminine i-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative súil súilL súiliH
Vocative súil súilL súiliH
Accusative súilN súilL súiliH
Genitive súlo, súlaH súlo, súlaL súileN
Dative súilL súilibN súilib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
súil ṡúil unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • súil” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.