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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.


Alternative reconstructions[edit]

  • *séh₂wl̥ ~ *sh₂wéns[1][2]
  • *suh₂él ~ *suh₂éns[3]
  • *séh₂wōl ~ *sh₂úns[4]


*sóh₂wl̥ n[5]

  1. sun


Athematic, proterokinetic
nominative *sóh₂wl̥
genitive *sh₂wéns
singular dual plural
nominative *sóh₂wl̥
vocative *sóh₂wl̥
accusative *sóh₂wl̥
genitive *sh₂wéns
ablative *sh₂wéns
dative *sh₂wéney
locative *sh₂wén, *sh₂wéni
instrumental *sh₂wénh₁



  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 570
  2. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2011) Comparative Indo-European Linguistics: An Introduction, revised and corrected by Michiel de Vaan, 2nd edition, Amsterdam, Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, page 206
  3. ^ Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 84
  4. ^ Fortson, Benjamin W. (2004) Indo-European Language and Culture: An Introduction, first edition, Oxford: Blackwell, page 111
  5. ^ Ringe, Donald (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (A Linguistic History of English; 1)‎[1], Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 46