sol

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Contents

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin solve, from the first word of the fifth line of Ut queant laxis, the medieval hymn which solfège was based on because its lines started on each note of the scale successively.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sol ‎(uncountable)

  1. (music) The fifth step in the solfège scale of C (Ut), preceded by fa and followed by la.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowing from Latin sol ‎(sun).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sol ‎(plural sols)

  1. (astronomy) A solar day on Mars (equivalent to 24 hours, 39 minutes, 35 seconds).
    • 2014, Andy Weir, The Martian, Crown Publishing Group, ISBN 9780804139038:
      A sol is 39 minutes longer than a day, so it works out to be 1425 days.
    • 2014, Gerard 't Hooft, Stefan Vandoren, Time in Powers of Ten: Natural Phenomena and Their Timescales, World Scientific Publishing Company, ISBN 9789814489805, p. 25:
      88,775 seconds = 24 hours, 39 minutes and 35 seconds
      The duration of a synodic day on Mars, a 'sol'
  2. (obsolete, alchemy) Gold.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Chaucer to this entry?)
Translations[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Spanish sol ‎(sun), itself from Latin sol ‎(sun).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sol ‎(plural sols)

  1. A Spanish-American gold or silver coin, now the main currency unit of Peru (also new sol), or a coin of this value.
    • (Can we date this quote?), M. Le Page Du Pratz, History of Louisiana:
      Three days after, the Great Sun, his brother, sent me another deer-skin of the same oil, to the quantity of forty pints. The most common sort sold this year at twenty sols a pint, and I was sure mine was not of the worst kind.

Etymology 4[edit]

Abbreviation of solution.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /sɑːl/, /sɒl/, /soʊl/

Noun[edit]

sol ‎(plural sols)

  1. (physical chemistry) A type of colloid in which a solid is dispersed in a liquid.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Borrowing from Old French sol, from Latin solidus

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sol ‎(plural sols)

  1. An old French coin consisting of 12 deniers.

Anagrams[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a contraction of the preposition so ‎(under) + masculine singular article el ‎(the).

Contraction[edit]

sol m

  1. under the

Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Provençal sol, from Latin sōl ‎(sun), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *sóh₂wl̥.

Proper noun[edit]

sol m

  1. (astronomy) the Sun

Noun[edit]

sol m ‎(plural sols)

  1. (astronomy) a sun
  2. (money) sol (unit of currency used by Peru)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

sol m ‎(plural sols)

  1. (music) sol (the fifth note of the diatonic scale)

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowing from English sol.

Noun[edit]

sol m ‎(plural sols)

  1. (chemistry) sol (a colloid suspension of a solid in a liquid)

Etymology 4[edit]

From Latin sōlus ‎(solitary).

Adjective[edit]

sol m ‎(feminine sola, masculine plural sols, feminine plural soles)

  1. alone
  2. unique

Etymology 5[edit]

Verb[edit]

sol

  1. third-person singular present indicative form of soler
  2. second-person singular imperative form of soler

External links[edit]


Crimean Tatar[edit]

Noun[edit]

sol

  1. left

Declension[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sol

  1. left

References[edit]

  • Mirjejev, V. A.; Usejinov, S. M. (2002) Ukrajinsʹko-krymsʹkotatarsʹkyj slovnyk [Ukrainian – Crimean Tatar Dictionary][1], Simferopol: Dolya, ISBN 966-7980-89-8

Czech[edit]

Verb[edit]

sol

  1. second-person singular imperative of solit

Danish[edit]

Danish Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia da

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse sól ‎(sun), from Proto-Germanic *sōwulą, *sōwulō ‎(sun), from Proto-Indo-European *sóh₂wl̥.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /soːl/, [soːˀl]

Noun[edit]

sol c (singular definite solen, plural indefinite sole)

  1. sun
Inflection[edit]

Verb[edit]

sol

  1. imperative of sole

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin solūtiō ‎(solution).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /soːl/, [soːˀl]

Noun[edit]

sol c (singular definite solen, plural indefinite soler)

  1. (chemistry) sol (solution)
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Latin sol(ve) in the hymn for St. John the Baptist.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sol n (singular definite sollet, plural indefinite soller)

  1. (music) sol (note)
Inflection[edit]

External links[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin sol(ve) in the hymn for St. John the Baptist all note names were taken from.

Noun[edit]

sol f ‎(plural sollen, diminutive solletje n)

  1. (music, Belgium) sol, the fifth step in the solfège scale of C, preceded by fa and followed by la.

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowing from Latin solum ‎(soil, ground, floor).

Noun[edit]

sol m ‎(plural sols)

  1. soil, earth
  2. ground
  3. floor
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin sol(ve) in the hymn for St. John the Baptist all note names were take from.

Noun[edit]

sol m ‎(plural sol)

  1. (music) sol, the fifth step (G) in the solfège scale of C, preceded by fa and followed by la.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Spanish sol ‎(sun), itself from Latin.

Noun[edit]

sol m ‎(plural sols)

  1. A Spanish-American gold or silver coin, now the main currency unit of Peru (also new sol), or a coin of this value.

Etymology 4[edit]

From Latin solidus, a Roman coin

Noun[edit]

sol m ‎(plural sols)

  1. (archaic) sou, the feudal era coin.

External links[edit]


Galician[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Portuguese sol, from Latin sōl ‎(sun), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *sóh₂wl̥.

Noun[edit]

sol m ‎(plural soles)

  1. sun
  2. sunlight
  3. sunny side (of a place)
    quítate do sol
    go away from sunny side
  4. daylight (time between sunrise and sunset)
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

sol m ‎(plural soles)

  1. (music) sol (musical note)
  2. (music) G (the musical note or key)
See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowing from English sol.

Noun[edit]

sol m ‎(plural soles)

  1. (chemistry) sol (a colloid suspension of a solid in a liquid)

Indonesian[edit]

Noun[edit]

sol

  1. sole (of the foot)

Interlingua[edit]

Noun[edit]

sol ‎(plural soles)

  1. sun

Adjective[edit]

sol ‎(comparative plus sol, superlative le plus sol)

  1. alone

Determiner[edit]

sol

  1. (quantifying) only

Derived terms[edit]


Italian[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia it

Noun[edit]

sol m ‎(invariable)

  1. sol (musical note, colloid)
  2. G (musical note and key)
  3. apocopic form of sole

Adjective[edit]

sol

  1. apocopic form of solo

Kurdish[edit]

Noun[edit]

sol f

  1. shoe

Ladino[edit]

Noun[edit]

sol m ‎(Latin spelling, Hebrew spelling סול)

  1. sun

Latin[edit]

sōl (the sun)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *swōl, from pre-Italic *sh₂wōl, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *sóh₂wl̥. Cognate with Old English sōl, Old Norse sól, Gothic 𐍃𐌰𐌿𐌹𐌻 ‎(sauil), Old Church Slavonic слъньцє ‎(slŭnĭce), Ancient Greek ἥλιος ‎(hḗlios), Sanskrit सूर ‎(sūra).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sōl m ‎(genitive sōlis); third declension

  1. sun
    • Catullus, Carmina V; lines 4-6
      Soles occidere et redire possunt
      Sed nobis cum semel occidit brevis lux
      Nox est perpetua una dormienda
      Suns are able to set and rise again
      But with us, once this brief light ends
      There is endless night for us to sleep

Declension[edit]

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative sōl sōlēs
genitive sōlis sōlum
dative sōlī sōlibus
accusative sōlem sōlēs
ablative sōle sōlibus
vocative sōl sōlēs

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • sol in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • sol in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • SOL in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • sol in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the sun rises, sets: sol oritur, occidit
    • the sun, moon, is eclipsed: sol (luna) deficit, obscuratur
    • the sun burns, scorches: sol ardet, urit
    • to lie to the east, west, south, north: spectare in (vergere ad) orientem (solem), occidentem (solem), ad meridiem, in septentriones
    • (ambiguous) sunrise; sunset: ortus, occasus solis
    • (ambiguous) an eclipse of the sun: solis defectio
    • (ambiguous) to be dried up by the sun's heat: ardore solis torreri
    • (ambiguous) the east winds are blowing: venti ab ortu solis flant
    • (ambiguous) to be situate to the north-west: spectare inter occasum solis et septentriones
    • (ambiguous) this is as clear as daylight: hoc est luce (sole ipso) clarius
  • sol in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • sol in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray

Lojban[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

sol

  1. rafsi of solri.

Lower Sorbian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *solь, from Proto-Indo-European *séh₂ls.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sol f

  1. salt (sodium chloride)
  2. (chemistry) salt (compound of an acid and a base)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /suːl/
  • (Many eastern and northern dialects) IPA(key): [suːɽ]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse sól, from Proto-Germanic *sōwulą, *sōwulō ‎(sun), from Proto-Indo-European *sóh₂wl̥.

Noun[edit]

sol f, m ‎(definite singular sola or solen, indefinite plural soler, definite plural solene)

  1. sun
    Solen skinner.
    The sun is shining.
Related terms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Shortened form of Latin solutio

Noun[edit]

sol m

  1. solution
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

sol

  1. imperative of sole

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /suːl/
  • (Many eastern and northern dialects) IPA(key): [suːɽ]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse sól, from Proto-Germanic *sōwulą, *sōwulō ‎(sun), from Proto-Indo-European *sóh₂wl̥.

Noun[edit]

sol f ‎(definite singular sola, indefinite plural soler, definite plural solene)

  1. sun
    Sola skin i dag.
    The sun shines today.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Shortened form of Latin solutio

Noun[edit]

sol m

  1. solution
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Old English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *sōwulą, *sōwulō ‎(sun), from Proto-Indo-European *sewol-, *sóh₂wl̥. Akin to Proto-Germanic *sunnǭ ‎(sun), from Proto-Indo-European *suwen- ‎(sun). Akin to Old Norse sól, Gothic 𐍃𐌰𐌿𐌹𐌻 ‎(sauil, sun), Old English sunne, Old Norse, Old Saxon and Old High German sunna ‎(sun).

Noun[edit]

sōl n

  1. sun
  2. the Sun
Synonyms[edit]
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *sulą ‎(mud, spot), from Proto-Indo-European *sūl- ‎(thick liquid). Cognate with Old High German sol, gisol ‎(pool of excrement), Middle Dutch sol ‎(puddle, dirt, filth). More at soil.

Noun[edit]

sol n

  1. mud, wet sand, mire
  2. a wallowing-place, slough, miry-place
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sol

  1. dark, dirty, soiled

Old French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin solus, sola.

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sol m ‎(oblique and nominative feminine singular sole)

  1. alone
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Latin solidus.

Noun[edit]

sol m ‎(oblique plural sous or sox or sols, nominative singular sous or sox or sols, nominative plural sol)

  1. sol; Old French coin
Descendants[edit]
  • English: sol (borrowed)
  • French: sou

Old Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin sōlus ‎(alone).

Adverb[edit]

sol

  1. only; just; no more than
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin sol, sōlem ‎(sun), from Proto-Indo-European *sóh₂wl̥ ‎(sun).

Noun[edit]

sol m

  1. sun
    • 13th century, attributed to Alfonso X of Castile, Cantigas de Santa Maria, To codex, cantiga 423 (facsimile):
      Eſta primeira é de comel fez ó çeo. ⁊ á terra. ⁊ ó mar ⁊ o ſol. ⁊ á lũa. ⁊ as eſtrelas ⁊ todalas outras couſas q̇ ſon. ⁊ como fez ó ome áſa ſemellança
      This first one is (about) how He made the heaven, and the earth, and the sea, and the sun, and the moon, and the stars, and everything else that exists. And how (He) made man in His own likeness.
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

sol

  1. third-person singular present indicative of soer

Old Provençal[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin sōl.

Proper noun[edit]

sol m

  1. Sun (celestial object)

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Old Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse sól, from Proto-Germanic *sōwulō.

Noun[edit]

sōl f

  1. sun

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia pt

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Portuguese sol, from Latin sōl ‎(sun), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *sóh₂wl̥.

Noun[edit]

sol m (plural sóis)

  1. sun
  2. sunshine (a location on which the sun's rays fall)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin solve in the hymn for St. John the Baptist.

Noun[edit]

sol m (plural sóis)

  1. sol (musical note)

External links[edit]

  • sol in Dicionário Aberto based on Novo Diccionário da Língua Portuguesa de Cândido de Figueiredo, 1913

Romanian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowing from Latin solum ‎(base, bottom; soil), French sol.

Noun[edit]

sol n ‎(plural soluri)

  1. The lowest part of something; bottom, ground, base, foundation, bed.
  2. The floor or pavement of a room.
  3. Ground, earth, land, soil.
  4. (gymnastics) An event performed on a floor-like carpeted surface.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *sъlъ, compare Slovene sel.

Noun[edit]

sol m ‎(plural soli)

  1. messenger
  2. envoy
Declension[edit]

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (Bosnian, Serbian):

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *solь, from Proto-Indo-European *séh₂l-, *séh₂ls. Compare Solyanka.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sȏl f ‎(Cyrillic spelling со̑л)

  1. (Croatia) salt

Declension[edit]


Slovene[edit]

Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia sl

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *solь, from Proto-Indo-European *séh₂l-, *séh₂ls.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sól f ‎(genitive solí, nominative plural solí)

  1. salt (common substance)

Declension[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin sōl ‎(sun), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *sóh₂wl̥.

Noun[edit]

sol m ‎(plural soles)

  1. sun
  2. sunlight
  3. sunny side (of a place)
    quítate del sol
    go away from sunny side
  4. daylight (time between sunrise and sunset)
  5. sol (a unit of currency, currently used in Peru)
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin solve in the hymn for St. John the Baptist.

Noun[edit]

sol m ‎(uncountable)

  1. sol (musical note)

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowing from English sol.

Noun[edit]

sol m ‎(plural soles)

  1. (chemistry) sol (a colloid suspension of a solid in a liquid)

External links[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Swedish sōl, from Old Norse sól, from Proto-Germanic *sōwulō, from Proto-Indo-European *sóh₂wl̥.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sol c

  1. sun
  2. (by extension) a star, especially when one considers things in its surroundings.

Declension[edit]

Inflection of sol 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative sol solen solar solarna
Genitive sols solens solars solarnas

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From English shoulder.

Noun[edit]

sol

  1. (anatomy) shoulder

Etymology 2[edit]

From English salt.

Noun[edit]

sol

  1. salt
Derived terms[edit]

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Turkic sol, from Proto-Turkic *sōl.

Noun[edit]

sol ‎(definite accusative solu, plural sollar)

  1. left

Antonyms[edit]


Volapük[edit]

Noun[edit]

sol ‎(plural sols)

  1. sun

Declension[edit]