Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/séh₂ls

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Noun[edit]

*séh₂ls

  1. salt

Declension[edit]

Athematic, proterokinetic
singular
nominative *séh₂ls
genitive *sh₂lés
singular dual plural
nominative *séh₂ls
vocative *séh₂l
accusative *séh₂lm̥
genitive *sh₂lés
ablative *sh₂lés
dative *sh₂léy
locative *sh₂él, *sh₂éli
instrumental *sh₂léh₁

Descendants[edit]

  • Proto-Albanian: * ̊śali(m)-
  • Proto-Albanian: *en-salima
  • Armenian:
    • Old Armenian: աղ ()
    • Old Armenian: աղտ (ałt) < *séh₂ld-
  • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *salˀdus (from *sh₂el-d-u-s or *sh₂l-d-u-s), *sāˀlis
    • Latgalian: sõļs, solds, soldons
    • Latvian: sāls, salds
    • Old Prussian: sal
    • Lithuanian: saldus, sálti (sweeten)
    • Proto-Slavic: *solь (see there for further descendants), *soldъ (malt) (see there for further descendants), *soldъkъ (sweet) (see there for further descendants)
      • Proto-Iranian: *solH (salt)
        • Zazaki: sol (salt)
        • Northern Kurdish: solin (salt), (saltless)
  • Proto-Celtic: *sālos (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Celtic: *salanos (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Germanic: *saltą (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Hellenic: *hāls
  • Indo-Iranian:
    • Indo-Aryan:
    • Iranian
      • Persian: هلتاک(haltâk, salty yoghurt), هلث(halþ~halt, salty, salty food)
  • Italic:
    • Latin: sāl (see there for further descendants)
    • Umbrian: salu
  • Tocharian:
  • Proto-Uralic: (independent loans from early Indo-European at least in Finno-Permic and Ob-Ugric;[1] common Finno-Permic *sala is sometimes reconstructed[2])

Derived terms[edit]

  • Unsorted formations:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Joki, Aulis J. (1973) Uralier und Indogermanen [Uralians and Indo-Europeans] (Suomalais-Ugrilaisen Seuran Toimituksia; 151) (in German), Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, →ISBN
  2. ^ Rédei, Károly (1986–88) Uralisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Uralic Etymological Dictionary] (in German), Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó