աղտ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian աղտ (ałt); see it for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

աղտ (ałt)

  1. dirt, filth, uncleanliness

Declension[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

The origin is uncertain.

Perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *Hl̥-d- and cognate with Old Norse úldna (to decay, rot), Old High German oltar and Latin alga.

Alternatively, from Proto-Indo-European *sal- (dirty, grey) with cognates in Old Irish sal (dirt, filth), Old High German salo (dirty). See also աղօտ (ałōt).

Ačaṙean derives from Proto-Indo-European *ard-, with Ancient Greek ἄρδα (árda, dirt) as the only cognate. For the irregular sound change (*արտ (*art) is expected) he points to նեղ (neł), which has been compared to Old English nearu.[1][2]

There is an alternative form աղծ- (ałc-) found in compounds.

Noun[edit]

աղտ (ałt)

  1. dirt, filth, uncleanliness (also of soul)
  2. afterbirth
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ačaṙyan, Hračʿya (1940) Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun [History of the Armenian Language] (in Armenian), volume I, Yerevan: University Press, page 34
  2. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “աղտ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press

Further reading[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “աղտ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “աղտ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “aɫt”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 39f

Etymology 2[edit]

The basic meaning is “salt deposits, salt mines, salty place”, inherited from Proto-Indo-European *seh₂ld-, enlarged from *seh₂l- (salt). The closest cognate is Proto-Germanic *saltą.

There is an alternative form աղծ- (ałc-) found in աղծեալ (ałceal).

Noun[edit]

աղտ (ałt)

  1. salt
    ծով աղտիցcov ałticʿsalt-marsh
  2. salt mine
Declension[edit]
Usage notes[edit]

Attested only in the plural.

Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ačaṙyan, Hračʿya (1940) Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun [History of the Armenian Language] (in Armenian), volume I, Yerevan: University Press, page 34
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “աղտ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “աղտ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “aɫt”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 40f
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “աղտ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy