քաղցր

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian քաղցր (kʿałcʿr).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

քաղցր (kʿałcʿr) (superlative ամենաքաղցր)

  1. sweet
  2. (figuratively) pleasant, sweet

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

քաղցր (kʿałcʿr)

  1. sweet course, dessert

Declension[edit]

Adverb[edit]

քաղցր (kʿałcʿr)

  1. sweetly

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A contamination of two or more Proto-Indo-European roots: *swéh₂dus (sweet), *dl̥kú- (sweet) (whence Ancient Greek γλυκύς (glukús), Latin dulcis), *sweld- (to starve) (whence Old Armenian քաղց (kʿałcʿ)) and a word for "salty" from *séh₂ls (salt).[1][2][3][4][5]

Adjective[edit]

քաղցր (kʿałcʿr)

  1. sweet, delicious
  2. (figuratively) mild, pleasant, agreeable, charming, amiable, affable, dear, beloved
    քաղցր հայեցուածքkʿałcʿr hayecʿuackʿmild looking
    քաղցր բնաւորութիւնkʿałcʿr bnaworutʿiwngood-temperedness
    քաղցր բարքkʿałcʿr barkʿgentle manners
    քաղցր յիշատակkʿałcʿr yišatakpleasing remembrance
    քաղցր է տեսանելkʿałcʿr ē tesanelit is pleasant to see
    քաղցր է ինձkʿałcʿr ē injI should like
    քաղցր էր մեզ տեսանելkʿałcʿr ēr mez tesanelwe saw with pleasure
    քաղցունսkʿałcʿunssweetly, softy, gently, pleasantly, nicely
  3. (as a substantive) sweetness, honey

Declension[edit]

Adverb[edit]

քաղցր (kʿałcʿr)

  1. sweetly, softly, gently, pleasantly, nicely

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pedersen, Holger (1906), “Armenisch und die Nachbarsprachen”, in Zeitschrift für vergleichende Sprachforschung auf dem Gebiete der Indogermanischen Sprachen[1] (in German), volume 39, issue 3, page 429
  2. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1979), “քաղցր”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume IV, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, pages 546–547
  3. ^ Solta, G. R. (1960) Die Stellung des Armenischen im Kreise der indogermanischen Sprachen (Studien zur armenischen Geschichte; 9) (in German), Vienna: Mechitharisten, page 362
  4. ^ Olsen, Birgit Anette (1999) The noun in Biblical Armenian: origin and word-formation: with special emphasis on the Indo-European heritage (Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs; 119), Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, page 165–166
  5. ^ J̌ahukyan, Geworg (2010), “քաղցր”, in Sargsyan, Vahan, editor, Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Asoghik, pages 774–775

Further reading[edit]

  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “քաղցր”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Godel, Robert (1975) An introduction to the study of classical Armenian, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, page 33
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “քաղցր”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy