solus

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Solus

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin sōlus.

Adjective[edit]

solus (not comparable)

  1. alone, unaccompanied (as a stage direction)

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE word
*swé

Often derived from earlier *swolos, from Proto-Italic *swelos, from Proto-Indo-European *swé (reflexive pronoun), whence se (oneself) (compare English self, seldom, PIE *s(w)e-l-bʰ-) + *-los; however de Vaan rejects this derivation and suggests instead a connection to *sōlh₂- (whole, healthy), which would make it akin to salvus and salūs. Another hypothesis connects Proto-Germanic *sēliz (Gothic 𐍃𐌴𐌻𐍃 (sēls, happy, good), Old English sēlra (better)) (< *selH-).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sōlus (feminine sōla, neuter sōlum); first/second-declension adjective (pronominal)

  1. alone, sole, only, by oneself with no others around
  2. solitary, uninhabited

Declension[edit]

First/second-declension adjective (pronominal).

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative sōlus sōla sōlum sōlī sōlae sōla
Genitive sōlīus sōlōrum sōlārum sōlōrum
Dative sōlī sōlīs
Accusative sōlum sōlam sōlum sōlōs sōlās sōla
Ablative sōlō sōlā sōlō sōlīs
Vocative sōle sōla sōlum sōlī sōlae sōla

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Asturian: solu
  • Catalan: sol
  • Old French: sol
  • Friulian: sôl
  • Istriot: sulo
  • Italian: solo
  • Occitan: sol

References[edit]

  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) , “sōlus”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 573
  • solus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • solus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • solus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • solus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) sunrise; sunset: ortus, occasus solis
    • (ambiguous) an eclipse of the sun: solis defectio
    • (ambiguous) to be dried up by the sun's heat: ardore solis torreri
    • (ambiguous) the east winds are blowing: venti ab ortu solis flant
    • (ambiguous) to be situate to the north-west: spectare inter occasum solis et septentriones
    • (ambiguous) Solon, one of the seven sages: Solo, unus de septem (illis)
    • (ambiguous) Solo ordained by law that..: Solo lege sanxit, ut or ne
    • (ambiguous) to leave one's country (only used of exiles): solum vertere, mutare (Caecin. 34. 100)
    • (ambiguous) Solon made it a capital offence to..: Solo capite sanxit, si quis... (Att. 10. 1)
    • (ambiguous) to raze a town to the ground: oppidum solo aequare
    • (ambiguous) this is as clear as daylight: hoc est luce (sole ipso) clarius
  • solus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • solus in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly

Middle Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish solus.

Adjective[edit]

solus

  1. bright
  2. (of sound) clear
  3. (intellectually) clear, lucid

Noun[edit]

solus m

  1. light
  2. clarity, intelligibility

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Middle Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
solus ṡolus unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

so- +‎ lés (compare dolus)

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

solus

  1. bright, clear

Inflection[edit]

u-stem
Singular Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative solus solus solus
Vocative solus
Accusative solus soluis
Genitive soluis soilse soluis
Dative solus soluis solus
Plural Masculine Feminine/neuter
Nominative soilsi soilsi
Vocative soilsi
Accusative soilsi
Genitive *
Dative soilsib
Notes *not attested in Old Irish; same as nominative singular masculine in Middle Irish

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
solus ṡolus unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]