so-

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Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish so, su, from Proto-Celtic *su-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁su-. Cognate with Welsh hy-, Ancient Greek εὖ (), Sanskrit सु- (su-). Doublet of eo-.

Prefix[edit]

so-

  1. very (positive or neutral)
    Synonyms: dea-, deas, maith
  2. X-able, easy to X
    Synonym: furasta

Usage notes[edit]

  • This affix in Irish is added to adjectives denoting attributes of ability as well as positive attributes. It lenites the word to which it attaches.
  • When it means very, so- acts like an adverb:
    so- + ‎blasta (tasty) → ‎so-bhlasta (very tasty)
  • When it means -able, so- acts like an plain affix:
    so- + ‎briste (broken) → ‎sobhriste (breakable)
    so- + ‎déanta (done) → ‎sodhéanta (doable)

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
so- sho-
after an, tso-
not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]


Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin sub- (under).

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

so-

  1. under, beneath
    so- + ‎gola (throat) → ‎soggolare (to fit with a wimple)
    so- + ‎reggere (to bear; to hold) → ‎sorreggere (to support, sustain)
  2. Used in the formation of verbs where the root action is attenuated.
    so- + ‎friggere (to fry) → ‎soffriggere (to fry slowly with moderate heat)
    so- + ‎bollire (to boil) → ‎sobbollire (to simmer)
    so- + ‎fermare (to stop) → ‎soffermare (to linger)

Usage notes[edit]

  • It always causes gemination of an initial single consonant.

Derived terms[edit]


Manx[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish so, su.

Prefix[edit]

so-

  1. X-able, easily Xed

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Prefix[edit]

so-

  1. sub- (under, beneath)
    Synonym: sub-

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

so-

  1. sub-
    Synonym: sub-

Derived terms[edit]