so-

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Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish so, su, from Proto-Celtic *su-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁su-. Cognate with Welsh hy-, Ancient Greek εὖ(), Sanskrit सु-(su-). Doublet of eo-.

Prefix[edit]

so-

  1. very (positive or neutral)
  2. X-able, easy to X

Usage notes[edit]

  • This affix in Irish is added to adjectives denoting attributes of ability as well as positive attributes. It lenites the word to which it attaches.
  • When it means very, so- acts like an adverb:
    so- + ‎blasta(tasty) → ‎so-bhlasta(very tasty)
  • When it means -able, so- acts like an plain affix:
    so- + ‎briste(broken) → ‎sobhriste(breakable)
    so- + ‎déanta(done) → ‎sodhéanta(doable)

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
so- sho-
after an, tso-
unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • "so-" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • 2 so, su” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Manx[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish so, su.

Prefix[edit]

so-

  1. X-able, easily Xed

Derived terms[edit]


References[edit]

  • 2 so, su” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Portuguese[edit]

Prefix[edit]

so-

  1. sub- (under, beneath)

Synonyms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Prefix[edit]

so-

  1. sub-

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]