do-

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Czech[edit]

Prefix[edit]

do-

  1. A prefix, usually indicating a destination or a completed action or state.
    do- + ‎studovat → ‎dostudovat
    do- + ‎hořet → ‎dohořet
    do- + ‎cestovat → ‎docestovat
    do- + ‎dělat → ‎dodělat
    do- + ‎vařit → ‎dovařit
    do- + ‎kouřit → ‎dokouřit
    do- + ‎číst → ‎dočíst

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • do- in Slovník afixů užívaných v češtině, 2017

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish do-, du-, from Proto-Celtic *dus-, from Proto-Indo-European *dus-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

do-

  1. impossible, extremely difficult
    Antonym: in-
  2. to
  3. ill, evil
    Antonym: so-

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
do- dho- ndo-
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Manx[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish do-, du-.

Prefix[edit]

do-

  1. non-, un-

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *dus-, from Proto-Indo-European *dus-.

Alternative forms[edit]

Prefix[edit]

do-

  1. impossible, extremely difficult
  2. ill, evil
    Synonym: mí-
Derived terms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Prefix[edit]

do-

  1. pretonic form of dí-
  2. pretonic form of to-

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
do- do-
pronounced with /ð(ʲ)-/
ndo-
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]


Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *do.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /dɔ/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes:
  • Syllabification: do

Prefix[edit]

do-

  1. Appended to verbs to indicate completion
    do- + ‎kończyć → ‎dokończyć
  2. Appended to verbs to indicate addition or furthering a previous process
    do- + ‎lać → ‎dolać
  3. Appended to verbs to indicate addition or approaching a goal
    do- + ‎iść → ‎dojść
    Antonyms: od-, ode-

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • do- in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • do- in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish do-, du-.

Prefix[edit]

do-

  1. un-

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *do-. Prefixed form of the preposition do.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

do-

  1. Forms perfective verbs with the following meanings:
    1. to finish
      do- + ‎zídati (to build) → ‎dozídati (to finish building)
    2. up to, to reach
      do- + ‎téči (to run) → ‎dotéči (to catch up with)
    3. to add
      do- + ‎líti (to pour) → ‎dolíti (to add by pouring)

Derived terms[edit]