to-

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English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English to-, from Old English tō-, te- (apart, away), from Proto-Germanic *twiz- (apart, in two), from Proto-Indo-European *dwis- (two-ways, in twain).

Prefix[edit]

to-

  1. (no longer productive outside dialectal) Prefix meaning "apart", "away", "asunder", "in pieces", or expressing separation, negation, or intensity[1].
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From to.

Prefix[edit]

to-

  1. (rare, dialectal or no longer productive) to, toward, at, or on (this).
    today
    tomorrow
    tonight
    together
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Whitney, The Century dictionary and cyclopedia, to-

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From to (in the direction of), from Old English .

Prefix[edit]

to-

  1. Affixed to verbs and verb inflections to impart a sense of motion, directionality and/or extension.
  2. Affixed to adjectives, adverbs and prepositions to impart a sense of approach, extension and/or proximity.
  3. (rare) Affixed to nouns to impart a sense of motion, directionality and/or extension.
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old English tō-, te- (apart, asunder).

Prefix[edit]

to-

  1. Appended to verbs and nouns to impart a sense of separation and/or departure.
  2. Appended to verbs and nouns to intensify or emphasise the meaning.
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *twiz-, from Proto-Indo-European *dwís. Cognate with Old Frisian ti-, te-, Old Saxon te-, Old High German zi-, zir-, zar-, zur- (German zer-), Gothic 𐌳𐌹𐍃- (dis-), and with Latin dis-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

tō-

  1. (as unstressed te-, ti- or stressed tō-) forming (mainly) verbs from verbs, with a sense of ‘in pieces, apart, asunder’, or with intensive force
    tefeallan, tōfeallan (to fall apart)
    titwǣman, tōtwǣman (to separate)
    tetorfian, tōtorfian (to toss about)
  2. (stressed prefix) used to form substantives from other nouns
    tōtalu (reputation)
    tōsprǣċ (conversation)

Usage notes[edit]

  • The prefix has two basic forms: stressed (tō-) and unstressed (te-, ti-). Originally, the unstressed formed verbs, and the stressed formed other derivatives (nouns, adverbs, etc). This distinction was blurred in later Old English where the stressed form came to be used for both

Derived terms[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • do- (pretonic form)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *tu-.

Prefix[edit]

to- (pretonic do-)

  1. to, towards

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *tō.

Prefix[edit]

to-

  1. Creates words with a sense of ‘towards, to, against’
    tōdōn (to add; to close)
    tōheftian (to fix)
    tōhlinon (to lean against)
    tōhnēgian (to neigh towards)
    tōrūnon (to whisper)
    tōsprekan (to speak with, discuss, talk to)
    tōstōtan (to push, thrust)
    tōward (future)
    tōwardes (near)
    tōwardig (near)
    tōwendian (to turn towards)

Derived terms[edit]

Category Old Saxon words prefixed with to- not found