G

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LetterG.svg
G U+0047, G
LATIN CAPITAL LETTER G
F
[U+0046]
Basic Latin H
[U+0048]
U+FF27, G
FULLWIDTH LATIN CAPITAL LETTER G

[U+FF26]
Halfwidth and Fullwidth Forms
[U+FF28]

Translingual[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From a modification of the Latin letter C (ce), from the Etruscan letter 𐌂 (c, ce), from the Ancient Greek letter Γ (G, gamma), derived from the Phoenician letter 𐤂(g, giml), from the Egyptian hieroglyph 𓌙.

Letter[edit]

G (lower case g)

  1. The seventh letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

See also[edit]

Symbol[edit]

G

  1. (metrology) giga-.
  2. gauss.
  3. (biochemistry) glycine, a natural amino acid.
  4. (biochemistry) Any of the nucleotides guanodine, nucleoside guanosine, or nucleobase guanine, which are components of DNA.
  5. (physics) The gravitational constant in the formula F = Gm1m2/r2; sometimes called "big G" to distinguish from g for the acceleration of gravity.
  6. (linguistics) A wildcard for a glide or semivowel
  7. (clothing) Bra cup size.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Other representations of G:


English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /dʒiː/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -iː

Letter[edit]

G (upper case, lower case g, plural Gs or G's)

  1. The seventh letter of the English alphabet, called gee and written in the Latin script.
See also[edit]

Number[edit]

G (upper case, lower case g)

  1. The ordinal number seventh, derived from this letter of the English alphabet, called gee and written in the Latin script.

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

G (countable and uncountable, plural Gs)

  1. (sports, baseball) Games (the statistic reporting the number of games that a player has participated in).
  2. (US, politics) Green.
  3. (US, of a movie) General (suitable for a general audience).
  4. (sports) Goals (a sports statistic).
  5. Ground floor (of a building).
  6. A galaxy.
  7. gravity
  8. (chiefly US) Grand (thousand dollars).
    • 1994, Juicy[1] (Hip Hop), spoken by The Notorious B.I.G., 2:40 from the start:
      Super Nintendo, Sega Genesis
      When I was dead broke, man, I couldn't picture this
      50-inch screen, money-green leather sofa
      Got two rides, a limousine with a chauffeur
      Phone bill about two G's flat
      No need to worry, my accountant handles that
      And my whole crew is loungin'
      Celebratin' every day, no more public housin'
    • 2005, Jordan Houston, Darnell Carlton, Paul Beauregard, Premro Smith, Marlon Goodwin, David Brown, and Willie Hutchinson (lyrics), “Stay Fly”, in Most Known Unknown[2], Sony BMG, performed by Three 6 Mafia (featuring Young Buck, 8 Ball, and MJG):
      Just really want to smoke my weed, fuck these hoes, and stack my Gs.
    • 2010, Gloria Campisi, "Psychologist sues city for 100G, alleging beating by cop earlier this year", Philadelphia Inquirer, 9 September 2010:
      Psychologist sues city for 100G, alleging beating by cop earlier this year
  9. (grammar) Abbreviation of genitive case.
  10. (UK, education) The academic grade that comes next below F.
  11. (slang) A gangster; often used to address one's friend.
    • 1995 August 1, “Gangsta's Paradise”, in Gangsta's Paradise, performed by Coolio, Kylian Mash:
      I'm the kinda G the little homies wanna be like / On my knees in the night, sayin' prayers in the streetlight
  12. (economics) Abbreviation for Government Spending.
  13. Alternative letter-case form of g (unit of gravitational acceleration).
  14. (drug slang) Short for gamma-hydroxybutyrate.
Alternative forms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Afar[edit]

Letter[edit]

G

  1. The fourteenth letter in the Afar alphabet.

See also[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /χɪə/

Letter[edit]

G (upper case, lower case g)

  1. The seventh letter of the Afrikaans alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

G (plural G's, diminutive G'tjie)

  1. G

Angami[edit]

Letter[edit]

G

  1. The fifteenth letter of the Angami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Azerbaijani[edit]

Letter[edit]

G upper case (lower case g)

  1. The ninth letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Basque[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

G (upper case, lower case g)

  1. The seventh letter of the Basque alphabet, called ge and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Chinese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From English G, gig (gigabyte).

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (Hong Kong Cantonese) (gik1), GB

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!
Particularly: “Mandarin (?)”

Noun[edit]

G

  1. (computing, informal) gigabyte

Related terms[edit]

  • M (megabyte)

References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • zyu1 - Guangzhou;
  • zi1 - Hong Kong, often realised as /t͡ʃiː⁵⁵/ by younger speakers.
  • Wu
  • Note: Often realised as 1jji.
    Letter[edit]

    G

    1. The seventh letter of the Latin alphabet.

    Pronunciation 2[edit]


    Letter[edit]

    G

    1. The seventh letter used in Pinyin.
    Usage notes[edit]
    • 《汉语拼音方案》 defines a standard pronunciation for each letter. However, these pronunciations are rarely used in education; another pronunciation is commonly used instead.
    • The pronunciation above are only used while referring to letters in Pinyin. They are not used in other context (such as English).

    Dutch[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Letter[edit]

    G (capital, lowercase g)

    1. The seventh letter of the Dutch alphabet.

    See also[edit]


    Esperanto[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Letter[edit]

    G (upper case, lower case g)

    1. The eighth letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called go and written in the Latin script.

    See also[edit]


    Estonian[edit]

    Estonian Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia et

    Letter[edit]

    G (upper case, lower case g)

    1. The seventh letter of the Estonian alphabet, called gee and written in the Latin script.

    See also[edit]


    Finnish[edit]

    Letter[edit]

    G (upper case, lower case g)

    1. The seventh letter of the Finnish alphabet, called gee and written in the Latin script.

    Usage notes[edit]

    • Used only in loanwords expect for ng [ŋː].

    See also[edit]


    German[edit]

    German Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia de

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Letter[edit]

    G (upper case, lower case g)

    1. The seventh letter of the German alphabet.

    See also[edit]


    Hungarian[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Letter[edit]

    G (upper case, lower case g)

    1. The twelfth letter of the Hungarian alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

    Declension[edit]

    Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, front unrounded harmony)
    singular plural
    nominative G G-k
    accusative G-t G-ket
    dative G-nek G-knek
    instrumental G-vel G-kkel
    causal-final G-ért G-kért
    translative G-vé G-kké
    terminative G-ig G-kig
    essive-formal G-ként G-kként
    essive-modal
    inessive G-ben G-kben
    superessive G-n G-ken
    adessive G-nél G-knél
    illative G-be G-kbe
    sublative G-re G-kre
    allative G-hez G-khez
    elative G-ből G-kből
    delative G-ről G-kről
    ablative G-től G-ktől
    non-attributive
    possessive - singular
    G-é G-ké
    non-attributive
    possessive - plural
    G-éi G-kéi
    Possessive forms of G
    possessor single possession multiple possessions
    1st person sing. G-m G-im
    2nd person sing. G-d G-id
    3rd person sing. G-je G-i
    1st person plural G-nk G-ink
    2nd person plural G-tek G-itek
    3rd person plural G-jük G-ik

    Derived terms[edit]

    See also[edit]


    Ido[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Letter[edit]

    G (lower case g)

    1. The seventh letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

    See also[edit]


    Indonesian[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Letter[edit]

    G (upper case, lower case g)

    1. The seventh letter of the Indonesian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

    See also[edit]


    Italian[edit]

    Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia it

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • (letter name) IPA(key): **/ˈd͡ʒi/*
      • Rhymes: -i
    • (phonemic realization) IPA(key): /ɡ/
    • (phonemic realization before e or i) IPA(key): /d͡ʒ/

    Letter[edit]

    G f or m (invariable, upper case, lower case g)

    1. The seventh letter of the Italian alphabet, called gi and written in the Latin script.

    See also[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja

    Etymology 1[edit]

    From English G.

    Noun[edit]

    G(ジー) (

    1. G, gravity

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Initial of ゴキブリ (gokiburi).

    Noun[edit]

    G(ジー) (

    1. (slang, euphemistic) cockroach
      G(ジー)との格闘(かくとう)
      to no kakutō
      fight with a cockroach

    Latvian[edit]

    Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia lv

    Etymology[edit]

    Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. Mīlenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    (file)

    Letter[edit]

    G

    G (upper case, lower case g)

    1. The tenth letter of the Latvian alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

    See also[edit]


    Malay[edit]

    Malay Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ms

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • (Name of letter) IPA(key): [d͡ʒi]
    • (Phoneme, Syllable initial) IPA(key): [ɡ]
    • (Phoneme, Syllable final) IPA(key): [k̚]

    Letter[edit]

    G

    1. The seventh letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

    See also[edit]


    Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    G

    1. (pensions) Initialism of grunnbeløp.

    Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    G

    1. (pensions) Initialism of grunnbeløp.

    Nupe[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Letter[edit]

    G (upper case, lower case g)

    1. The eighth letter of the Nupe alphabet, written in the Latin script.

    See also[edit]


    Polish[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Letter[edit]

    G (upper case, lower case g)

    1. The tenth letter of the Polish alphabet, called gie and written in the Latin script.

    See also[edit]

    Further reading[edit]

    • G in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
    • G in Polish dictionaries at PWN

    Portuguese[edit]

    Letter[edit]

    G (upper case, lower case g)

    1. The seventh letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

    See also[edit]


    Romani[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Letter[edit]

    G (upper case, lower case g)

    1. (International Standard) The ninth letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.
    2. (Pan-Vlax) The tenth letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

    See also[edit]


    Romanian[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Letter[edit]

    G (upper case, lower case g)

    1. The ninth letter of the Romanian alphabet, called ge, ghe, or and written in the Latin script.

    Usage notes[edit]

    When followed by an i or e, this letter represents the phoneme /dʒ/, as in plângi (/plɨndʒʲ/) and înger (/ɨn.dʒer/). When followed by hi or he (ghi and ghe) and in all other cases, it represents /ɡ/.

    See also[edit]


    Skolt Sami[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Letter[edit]

    G (lower case g)

    1. The twelfth letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

    See also[edit]


    Slovene[edit]

    Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia sl

    Etymology[edit]

    From Gaj's Latin alphabet G, from Czech alphabet G, from Latin G, from a modification of the Latin letter C (ce), from the Etruscan letter 𐌂 (c, ce), from the Ancient Greek letter Γ (G, gamma), derived from the Phoenician letter 𐤂(g, giml), from the Egyptian hieroglyph 𓌙. Pronunciation as /ɡə/ is initial Slovene (phoneme plus a fill vowel) and the second pronunciation is probably taken from German G.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • Phoneme
    • Letter name

    Letter[edit]

    G (upper case, lower case g)

    1. The eighth letter of the Slovene alphabet, written in the Latin script.
    2. The eleventh letter of the Resian alphabet, written in the Latin script.
    3. The eighth letter of the Natisone Valley dialect alphabet, written in the Latin script.

    Noun[edit]

    G m inan

    1. The name of the Latin script letter G / g.

    Inflection[edit]

    • Overall more common
    First masculine declension (soft o-stem, inanimate), fixed accent, -j- infix
    nom. sing. G
    gen. sing. G-ja
    singular dual plural
    nominative G G-ja G-ji
    genitive G-ja G-jev G-jev
    dative G-ju, G-ji G-jema G-jem
    accusative G G-ja G-je
    locative G-ju, G-ji G-jih G-jih
    instrumental G-jem G-jema G-ji
    (vocative) G G-ja G-ji


    • More common when with a definite adjective
    Third masculine declension (no endings), fixed accent
    nom. sing. G
    gen. sing. G
    singular dual plural
    nominative G G G
    genitive G G G
    dative G G G
    accusative G G G
    locative G G G
    instrumental G G G
    (vocative) G G G


    • Dialectal, in common written language used till 19th century
    First masculine declension (hard o-stem, inanimate), fixed accent, -j- infix
    nom. sing. G
    gen. sing. G-ja
    singular dual plural
    nominative G G-ja G-ji
    genitive G-ja G-jov G-jov
    dative G-ju, G-ji G-joma G-jom
    accusative G G-ja G-je
    locative G-ju, G-ji G-jih G-jih
    instrumental G-jom G-joma G-ji
    (vocative) G G-ja G-ji


    Derived terms[edit]

    See also[edit]

    Further reading[edit]

    • G”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

    Somali[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Letter[edit]

    G upper case (lower case g)

    1. The thirteenth letter of the Somali alphabet, called ga and written in the Latin script.

    Usage notes[edit]

    1. The thirteenth letter of the Somali alphabet, which follows Arabic abjad order. It is preceded by C and followed by F.

    See also[edit]


    Spanish[edit]

    Letter[edit]

    G (upper case, lower case g)

    1. the seventh letter of the Spanish alphabet

    Derived terms[edit]

    See also[edit]


    Turkish[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • (phoneme): IPA(key): /ɡ/, /ɟ/
    • (letter name): IPA(key): /ɟeː/

    Letter[edit]

    G (upper case, lower case g)

    1. The eighth letter of the Turkish alphabet, called ge and written in the Latin script.

    See also[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Letter[edit]

    G (upper case, lower case g)

    1. The tenth letter of the Vietnamese alphabet, called gờ or giê and written in the Latin script.

    See also[edit]


    Welsh[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Letter[edit]

    G (upper case, lower case g)

    1. The tenth letter of the Welsh alphabet, called èg and written in the Latin script. It is preceded by Ff and followed by Ng.

    Mutation[edit]

    Welsh mutation
    radical soft nasal aspirate
    Gwynedd Wynedd Ngwynedd unchanged
    Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

    See also[edit]

    Further reading[edit]

    • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “G”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

    Yoruba[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Letter[edit]

    G (upper case, lower case g)

    1. The seventh letter of the Yoruba alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

    See also[edit]


    Zulu[edit]

    Letter[edit]

    G (upper case, lower case g)

    1. The seventh letter of the Zulu alphabet, written in the Latin script.

    See also[edit]