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U+96DE, 雞
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-96DE

[U+96DD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+96DF]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Simplified
Japanese
Korean

Han character[edit]

(radical 172, +10, 18 strokes, cangjie input 月大人土 (BKOG), four-corner 20414, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1369, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42124
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1875, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4105, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+96DE

Chinese[edit]

trad. /
simp.
Wikipedia has articles on:
(Written Standard Chinese?)
Chicken (English)

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰraːs, *qʰreːs, *ɡeːʔ
*ɡreː
*ɡreː
*ɡreː, *ɡeː
*keː
*keː
谿 *kʰeː
*kʰeː
*kʰeː
*kʰeː
*kʰeː, *ɡeː
*kʰeː
*ɡeː
*ɡeː
*ɡeː, *ɡeːʔ
*ɡeː
*ɡeː
*ɡeː
*ɡeː
*ɡeː, *ɡeːs
*ɡeː
*ɡeːs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *keː): phonetic  (OC *ɡeː) + semantic  (short-tailed bird).

Etymology[edit]

Onomatopoeic (Schuessler, 2007). Compare Proto-Vietic *r-kaa (> Vietnamese ).

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • Xiamen, Quanzhou:
    • koe - vernacular;
    • ke - literary.
  • (Teochew)
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (39)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kei/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kei/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kɛi/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kɛj/
    Li
    Rong
    /kei/
    Wang
    Li
    /kiei/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kiei/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kej ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kˁe/
    English fowl, chicken

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 13357
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*keː/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. chicken; fowl; poultry
      /   ―  ròu  ―  chicken meat
      /   ―  dàn  ―  chicken egg
    2. 10th of the Chinese zodiac animals (rooster)
    3. domestic fowl
    4. (slang) female prostitute
    5. (slang) penis
    6. (Mainland China Hokkien) trigger (of a gun)

    Synonyms[edit]

    Dialectal synonyms of (“chicken (animal)”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Taxonomic name
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Harbin
    Jinan
    Muping
    Luoyang 雞兒
    Jiedian
    Xi'an
    Xining 雞兒
    Xuzhou
    Yinchuan
    Lanzhou 雞兒
    Ürümqi
    Wuhan 雞子
    Chengdu
    Guiyang
    Guilin
    Liuzhou
    Yangzhou 雞子
    Nanjing
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Shunde
    Zhongshan
    Dongguan
    Doumen (Shangheng Tanka)
    Taishan
    Kaiping
    Shaoguan
    Yunfu
    Xinyi
    Lianjiang
    Nanning
    Wuzhou
    Yulin
    Hepu
    Gan Nanchang
    Lichuan
    Pingxiang
    Hakka Meixian
    Luchuan
    Yudu
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 雞仔
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 雞仔
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 雞仔
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 雞仔
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Huizhou Jixi
    Jin Taiyuan 雞兒
    Xinzhou 雞兒
    Hohhot 雞子
    Min Dong Fuzhou 雞囝
    Fuqing
    Matsu
    Min Nan Xiamen 雞仔雞喌
    Quanzhou 雞仔
    Zhangzhou 雞仔雞喌 childish
    Taipei 雞仔
    Kaohsiung 雞仔
    Penang
    Philippines (Manila)
    Pingnan
    Haikou
    Pinghua Nanning
    Guilin
    Wu Shanghai
    Suzhou
    Hangzhou
    Wenzhou
    Chongming
    Danyang
    Jinhua
    Ningbo
    Xiang Changsha
    Loudi
    Quanzhou

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. chicken (domesticated fowl)
    2. bird

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    にわとり
    Hyōgaiji
    kun’yomi

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana にわとり, katakana ニワトリ, rōmaji niwatori, historical hiragana にはとり, historical katakana ニハトリ)

    1. Alternative spelling of (niwatori): a domesticated chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus)

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    とり
    Hyōgaiji
    kun’yomi

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana とり, rōmaji tori)

    1. Alternative spelling of (tori): a chicken (domesticated fowl); chicken meat



    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (gye) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer kye, Yale kyey)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    ()

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.