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See also: and
U+9D8F, 鶏
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9D8F

[U+9D8E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9D90]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 196, +8, 19 strokes, cangjie input 月人竹日火 (BOHAF), composition ⿰⿱)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 1494, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 47074
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2024, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: not present, would follow volume 7, page 4641, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+9D8F

Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. chicken
  2. bird

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

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Kanji in this term
にわとり
Grade: S
kun’yomi

⟨nipa tu to2ri⟩ → */nipatːəri//nifatori//niwatori/

Originally derived from the 枕詞 (makura kotoba, pillow word, an epithet as a poetic device) compound phrase 庭つ鳥 (niwa tsu tori), (niwa, garden) +‎ (tsu, Old Japanese possessive particle) +‎ (tori, bird), used in Old Japanese poetry as an allusive introduction to kake, the older word for “chicken” (see below). The medial tsu disappeared over time, yielding modern Japanese niwatori.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana にわとり, katakana ニワトリ, rōmaji niwatori, historical hiragana にはとり, historical katakana ニハトリ)

  1. a domesticated chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus)
    Synonyms: 臼辺鳥 (usubedori), (tori)
    Hypernym: (kiji)
Proverbs[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
かけ
Grade: S
kun’yomi

⟨kake1 → */kakʲe//kake/

From Old Japanese, first attested in the Kojiki (712 CE).

Onomatopoeic of the sound made by a chicken.[1][2] Compare English cluck.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana かけ, rōmaji kake)

  1. a chicken (domesticated fowl)
    • 711-712, Kojiki (poem 2)
      [...]  () () () () ()  () () () () () [...] [Man'yōgana]
      [...]  (には) (とり)  (かけ) ()く [...] [Modern spelling]
      ...niwa tsu tori, kake wa naku...
      the garden bird, the chicken clucks
    Synonym: 臼辺鳥 (usubedori)

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
くたかけ
Grade: S
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese.

Compound of くた (kuta, root for numerous verbs, implying "low-grade, rotten, stinky") +‎ かけ (kake, chicken, see above).[1]

Formerly a derogatory term for a chicken. Over time, the derogatory sense was lost, and the term instead took on an old-fashioned or archaic sense.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana くたかけ, rōmaji kutakake)

  1. (archaic) a chicken (domesticated fowl)
    Synonym: 臼辺鳥 (usubedori)
Usage notes[edit]

Occasionally seen with the reading くだかけ (kudakake).[1][2]

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
とり
Grade: S
kun’yomi

From (tori, bird).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana とり, rōmaji tori)

  1. Alternative spelling of (tori): a chicken (domesticated fowl); chicken meat
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN