chop

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See also: chóp and chộp

English[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Middle English choppen, variant of chappen ‎(to chop). Akin to Dutch kappen ‎(to chop, cut, hew), Middle Low German koppen ‎(to cut off, lop, poll), Danish kappe ‎(to cut, lop off, poll), Swedish kapa ‎(to cut), Albanian copë ‎(piece, chunk), Old English *cippian (only attested in compounds). More at chip.

Noun[edit]

chop ‎(plural chops)

Chopping garlic
  1. A cut of meat, often containing a section of a rib.
    I only like lamb chops with mint jelly.
  2. A blow with an axe, cleaver, or similar utensil.
    It should take just one good chop to fell the sapling.
  3. (martial arts) A blow delivered with the hand rigid and outstretched.
    A karate chop.
  4. Ocean waves, generally caused by wind, distinguished from swell by being smaller and not lasting as long.
  5. (poker) A hand where two or more players have an equal-valued hand, resulting in the chips being shared equally between them.
    With both players having an ace-high straight, the pot was a chop.
  6. (informal, with "the") Termination, especially from employment.
  7. (dated) A crack or cleft; a chap.
Quotations[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]
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Verb[edit]

chop ‎(third-person singular simple present chops, present participle chopping, simple past and past participle chopped)

  1. (transitive) To cut into pieces with short, vigorous cutting motions.
    chop wood; chop an onion
  2. (transitive) To sever with an axe or similar implement.
    Chop off his head.
  3. (transitive, baseball) To hit the ball downward so that it takes a high bounce.
  4. (poker) To divide the pot (or tournament prize) between two or more players.
  5. (intransitive) To make a quick, heavy stroke or a series of strokes, with or as with an ax.
  6. (intransitive) To do something suddenly with an unexpected motion; to catch or attempt to seize.
    • (Can we date this quote?) L'Estrange
      Out of greediness to get both, he chops at the shadow, and loses the substance.
  7. (intransitive) To interrupt; with in or out.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Latimer
      This fellow interrupted the sermon, even suddenly chopping in.
Translations[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Of uncertain origin, perhaps a variant of chap.

Verb[edit]

chop ‎(third-person singular simple present chops, present participle chopping, simple past and past participle chopped)

  1. (obsolete) To exchange, to barter; to swap.
    • 1644, John Milton, Aeropagitica:
      this is not to put down Prelaty, this is but to chop an Episcopacy; this is but to translate the Palace Metropolitan from one kind of dominion into another, this is but an old canonicall sleight of commuting our penance.
    • L'Estrange
      We go on chopping and changing our friends.
  2. To chap or crack.
  3. (nautical) To vary or shift suddenly.
    The wind chops about.
  4. To wrangle; to altercate; to bandy words.
    • Francis Bacon
      Let not the counsel at the bar chop with the judge.

Noun[edit]

chop ‎(plural chops)

  1. (chiefly in the plural) A jaw of an animal.
  2. A movable jaw or cheek, as of a vice.
  3. The land at each side of the mouth of a river, harbour, or channel.
    East Chop; West Chop
  4. A change; a vicissitude.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Marryat to this entry?)

Etymology 3[edit]

Hindi छाप ‎(chāp, stamp)

Noun[edit]

chop ‎(plural chops)

  1. An official stamp or seal.
  2. Mark indicating nature, quality, or brand.
    silk of the first chop
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Shortening.

Noun[edit]

chop ‎(plural chops)

  1. (Internet) An IRC channel operator.
    • 1996, Peter Ludlow, High Noon on the Electronic Frontier (page 404)
      IRC supports mechanisms for the enforcement of acceptable behaviour on IRC. Channel operators — "chanops" or "chops" — have access to the /kick command, which throws a specified user out of the given channel.
Synonyms[edit]

Nigerian Pidgin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Verb[edit]

chop

  1. eat
  2. spend