First attested in Scottish English (compare Scots stob, stobbe, stabb (“a pointed stick or stake; a thrust with a pointed weapon”)), from Middle English stabbe (“a stab”), probably a variant of Middle English stob, stub, stubbe (“pointed stick, stake, thorn, stub, stump”), from Old Norse stobbi, stubbi, cognate with Old English stybb. Cognate with Middle Dutch stobbe.
stab (plural stabs)
- An act of stabbing or thrusting with an object.
- A wound made by stabbing.
- Pain inflicted on a person's feelings.
- (informal) An attempt.
- I'll give this thankless task a stab.
- (music) A single staccato chord that adds dramatic impact to a composition.
- a horn stab
- A bacterial culture made by inoculating a solid medium, such as gelatin, with the puncture of a needle or wire.
- (transitive) To pierce or to wound (somebody) with a pointed tool or weapon, especially a knife or dagger.
- 1905, Baroness Emmuska Orczy, chapter 1, in The Tremarn Case:
- “There the cause of death was soon ascertained ; the victim of this daring outrage had been stabbed to death from ear to ear with a long, sharp instrument, in shape like an antique stiletto, which […] was subsequently found under the cushions of the hansom. […]”
- If you stab him in the heart he won't live long enough to retaliate.
- (transitive) To thrust in a stabbing motion.
- to stab a dagger into a person
- (intransitive) To recklessly hit with the tip of a pointed object, such as a weapon or finger (often used with at).
- 1700, [John] Dryden, “Palamon and Arcite: Or, The Knight’s Tale. In Three Books.”, in Fables Ancient and Modern; […], London: Printed for Jacob Tonson, […], OCLC 228732415:
- None shall dare / With shortened sword to stab in closer war.
- He stabbed at my face with the twig but luckily kept missing my eyes.
- (intransitive) To cause a sharp, painful sensation (often used with at).
- The snow from the blizzard was stabbing at my face as I skied down the mountain.
- (transitive, figuratively) To injure secretly or by malicious falsehood or slander.
- to stab a person's reputation
- (transitive) To roughen a brick wall with a pick so as to hold plaster.
- (transitive) To pierce folded sheets, near their back edges, for the passage of thread or wire.
- a staff
|Declension of stab|