English [ edit ]
a few kitchen knives: chef's knife, bread knife, steak knife, and paring knife
Alternative forms [ edit ]
( noun ): ( knyfe obsolete)
( plural ): ( knifes nonstandard) ( verb ): ( knive uncommon)
Etymology [ edit ]
Middle English , knyf , from late knif Old English , possibly from cnīf Old Norse , from knífr Proto-Germanic , from *knībaz *knīpaną ( “ to pinch ” ), Proto-Indo-European (compare *gneybʰ- Lithuanian , gnýbti žnýbti ( “ to pinch ” ), gnaibis ( “ pinching ” )). Replaced Middle English sax ( “ knife ” ) from Old English ; and seax Middle English , coutel qwetyll ( “ knife ” ) from Old French .
knife is attested since the mid 1800s; the variant  is attested since 1733.
Pronunciation [ edit ]
knife ( plural )
utensil or a tool designed for cutting, consisting of a flat piece of hard material, usually steel or other metal (the blade), usually sharpened on one edge, attached to a handle. The blade may be pointed for piercing.
, Scott Smith, 2007 The Ruins, page 273: Jeff was bent low over the backboard, working with the knife, a steady sawing motion, his shirt soaked through with sweat. A
weapon designed with the aforementioned specifications intended for slashing and/or stabbing and too short to be called a sword. A dagger. Any blade-like part in a tool or a machine designed for cutting, such as that of a chipper.
Hypernyms [ edit ]
Hyponyms [ edit ]
Coordinate terms [ edit ]
Derived terms [ edit ]
Descendants [ edit ]
Translations [ edit ]
mes (af) Arabic:
خَنْجَر m ( ḵanjar )
Egyptian Arabic: خنجر m ( xángar ) Armenian:
դանակ (hy) ( danak ) Assyrian Neo-Aramaic:
ܚܲܢܓ̰ܵܪܵܐ m ( ḥanjārā ), ܣܲܟܝܼܢܵܐ m ( sakīnā ) Avar:
нус ( nus ) Bulgarian:
кинжал (bg) m ( kinžal ) Catalan:
coltell (ca) , m daga (ca) , f ganivet (ca) , m punyal (ca) m Cherokee:
ᎭᏰᎳᏍᏗ ( hayelasdi ) Chinese:
Mandarin: 刀 (zh) ( dāo ) Czech:
nůž (cs) m Danish:
kniv (da) c Dutch:
mes (nl) n Egyptian: (
), ( jry ) zft Finnish:
puukko , (fi) veitsi ; (fi) tikari (fi) ( dagger ) French:
couteau (fr) m Galician:
coitelo (gl) m Georgian:
დანა (ka) ( dana ) German:
Messer (de) n Greek:
μαχαίρι (el) n ( machaíri )
Ancient: μάχαιρα f ( mákhaira ) Hebrew:
סַכִּין (he) m or f ( sakín ) Hungarian:
kés (hu) Icelandic:
hnífur (is) m Indonesian:
pisau (id) Irish:
scian (ga) f Italian:
coltello (it) m Japanese:
ナイフ (ja) ( naifu ), 短剣 (ja) ( たんけん, tanken ), 小刀 (ja) ( しょうとう, shōtō ), 刀 (ja) ( かたな, katana ) Khmer:
កាំបិត (km) ( kambət ) Korean:
칼 (ko) ( kal ) Kurdish:
Central Kurdish: چەقۆ ( çeqo ) Latin:
nazis m Lithuanian:
peilis m Macedonian:
нож m ( nož ) Neapolitan:
curtiello m Ngazidja Comorian:
couoté m ( France ), couté m ( Jersey ) Norwegian:
kniv (no) m Nynorsk: kniv m Ojibwe:
خنجر (fa) ( xanjar ) Plautdietsch:
Massa n Polish:
nóż (pl) m Portuguese:
faca (pt) f Romani:
shuri f Russian:
нож (ru) m ( nož ), перо́ (ru) n ( peró ) ( lit.: "feather", "quill", criminal slang ), фи́нка (ru) f ( fínka ) ( Finnish knife ), теса́к (ru) m ( tesák ) ( slang for "финка" ) Scottish Gaelic:
sgian f Serbo-Croatian:
нож m Roman: nož (sh) m Slovene:
nož (sl) m Sotho:
cuchillo (es) , m puñal (es) m Swahili:
kisu (sw) Swedish:
dolk (sv) , c kniv (sv) c Tarifit:
uzzar m Tok Pisin:
ніж (uk) m ( niž ) Walloon:
coutea (wa) m West Frisian: mes (fy)
any blade-like part designed for cutting
Translations to be checked
See also [ edit ]
knife ( third-person singular simple present , knifes present participle , knifing simple past and past participle )
( transitive ) To cut with a knife.
( transitive ) To use a knife to injure or kill by stabbing, slashing, or otherwise using the sharp edge of the knife as a weapon.
She was repeatedly knifed in the chest.
, 1843 The Foreign Quarterly Review, volume 31, Treuttel and Würtz, Treuttel, Jun, and Richter, page : 236 One day his sergeant began to cane him, on which, seizing his knife, he knifed the sergeant : he knifed the privates : he knifed until he was finally overpowered, and, brought before a court-martial, was condemned to fifteen years at the galleys.
, Robert Biswas-Diener, 2012 The Courage Quotient: How Science Can Make You Braver, John Wiley & Sons, , →ISBN page : 92 The plane has been hijacked. They've already knifed a guy. , Ross H. Spencer, 2015 The Fedorovich File, Diversion Books, , →ISBN page : 211 Naw, they found him in the pissery of some gin mill near the Mohawk West terminal—he'd been knifed.
( intransitive ) To cut through as if with a knife.
The boat knifed through the water.
( transitive ) To betray, especially in the context of a political slate. ( transitive ) To positively ignore, especially in order to denigrate; compare cut.
Translations [ edit ]
to use a knife to injure or kill
to cut through as if with a knife
Translations to be checked
References [ edit ]
Anagrams [ edit ]
Middle English [ edit ]
Alternative form of knyf