From Middle English slate, slat, slatte, sclate, sclatte, from Old French esclate, from esclat (French éclat), from Frankish *slaitan (“to split, break”), from Proto-Germanic *slaitijaną, causative of *slītaną (“to cut up, split”). Doublet of éclat.
- (uncountable, geology) A fine-grained homogeneous sedimentary rock composed of clay or volcanic ash which has been metamorphosed so that it cleaves easily into thin layers.
- 1941 March, “Notes and News: The Demand for Slate”, in Railway Magazine, page 141:
- Some of the minor Welsh 2 ft. gauge railways, we hear from Mr. N. F. G. Dalston, are enjoying a miniature boom owing to the demand for slate for the repair of damaged roofs.
- (uncountable) The bluish-grey colour of most slate.
- (countable) A chalkboard, sheet of slate for writing on with chalk or with a thin rod of slate (a slate pencil) formerly commonly used by both students and teachers in schools
- (countable) A roofing-tile made of slate.
- 2021 December 15, Robin Leleux, “Awards honour the best restoration projects: The Southeastern Commercial Restoration Award: Appledore”, in RAIL, number 946, pages 56-57:
- The necessary works were extensive and included replacing missing and damaged slates and other roof repairs (in order to make the building watertight), pointing and drainpipe replacement, and extensive replacement of rotten floorboarding.
- (countable) A record of money owed.
- Put it on my slate – I’ll pay you next week.
- (countable, chiefly US) A list of affiliated candidates for an election.
- Roy Disney led the alternative slate of directors for the stockholder vote.
- An artificial material resembling slate and used for the same purposes.
- A thin plate of any material; a flake.
- A tablet computer.
- Hearing Steve Ballmer and others talk about the availability of Windows 8 on slates, laptops, netbooks, notebooks, and screens from 7 to 70 inches might lead us to believe that Microsoft is attempting to gain market share solely through […]
- clean slate
- magic slate
- on the slate
- slate-coloured junco
- slate pencil
- wipe the slate clean
- blank slate
slate (not comparable)
- (transitive) To cover with slate.
- The old church ledgers show that the roof was slated in 1775.
- (transitive, chiefly Britain) To criticise harshly.
- The play was slated by the critics.
- (transitive, chiefly US) To schedule.
- The election was slated for November 2nd.
- 2019 October, Tony Miles and Philip Sherratt, “EMR kicks off new era”, in Modern Railways, page 58:
- The Cleethorpes to Barton-on-Humber branch had been slated to transfer from Northern into the East Midlands franchise, but this move is still awaiting a DfT decision.
- (transitive, chiefly US) To anticipate or strongly expect.
- The next version of our software is slated to be the best release ever.
- (transitive, regional) To set a dog upon (a person).
- (transitive) To nominate, appoint, or designate.
- slate at OneLook Dictionary Search