English [ edit ]
Pronunciation [ edit ]
Etymology 1 [ edit ]
Middle English , from the cleven strong verb Old English ( clēofan “ to split, to separate ”), from Proto-Germanic , from *kleubaną Proto-Indo-European ( *glewbʰ- “ to cut, to slice ”). Cognate with Dutch , dialectal German klieven , Swedish klieben , and Ancient Greek klyva ( γλύφω glúphō, “ carve ”).
cleave ( third-person singular simple present , cleaves present participle , cleaving simple past cleft or clove or ( UK ) cleaved or ( obsolete ) , clave past participle cleft or cloven or ( UK ) ) cleaved
( transitive ) To split or sever something with, or as if with, a sharp instrument.
The wings cleaved the foggy air.
O Hamlet, thou hast
cleft my heart in twain.
( transitive , mineralogy ) To break a single crystal (such as a gemstone or semiconductor wafer) along one of its more symmetrical crystallographic planes (often by impact), forming facets on the resulting pieces.
( transitive ) To make or accomplish by or as if by cutting.
The truck cleaved a path through the ice.
( transitive , chemistry ) To split (a complex molecule) into simpler molecules.
( intransitive ) To split.
( intransitive , mineralogy ) Of a crystal, to split along a natural plane of division.
Translations [ edit ]
transitive to split or sever
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Translations to be checked
cleave ( plural ) cleaves
( technology ) Flat, smooth surface produced by cleavage, or any similar surface produced by similar techniques, as in glass.
Related terms [ edit ]
Derived terms [ edit ]
Etymology 2 [ edit ]
Old English , from cleofian Proto-Germanic , from *klibjaną Proto-Indo-European ( *gleybʰ- “ to stick ”). Cognates include German , Dutch kleben . kleven
cleave ( third-person singular simple present , cleaves present participle , cleaving simple past and past participle ) cleaved
( intransitive ) To cling, adhere or stick fast to something; used with to or unto.
References [ edit ]