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  • (UK) IPA(key): /kliːv/
  • (US) IPA(key): /kliv/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -iːv

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English cleven, from the Old English strong verb clēofan (to split, to separate), from Proto-Germanic *kleubaną, from Proto-Indo-European *glewbʰ- (to cut, to slice). Doublet of clive. Cognate with Dutch klieven, dialectal German klieben, Swedish klyva, Norwegian Nynorsk kløyva; also Ancient Greek γλύφω (glúphō, carve).


cleave (third-person singular simple present cleaves, present participle cleaving, simple past cleft or clove or (UK) cleaved or (archaic) clave, past participle cleft or cloven or (UK) cleaved)

  1. (transitive) To split or sever something with, or as if with, a sharp instrument.
    The wings cleaved the foggy air.
  2. (transitive, mineralogy) To break a single crystal (such as a gemstone or semiconductor wafer) along one of its more symmetrical crystallographic planes (often by impact), forming facets on the resulting pieces.
  3. (transitive) To make or accomplish by or as if by cutting.
    The truck cleaved a path through the ice.
  4. (transitive, chemistry) To split (a complex molecule) into simpler molecules.
  5. (intransitive) To split.
  6. (intransitive, mineralogy) Of a crystal, to split along a natural plane of division.
Related terms[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.


cleave (plural cleaves)

  1. (technology) Flat, smooth surface produced by cleavage, or any similar surface produced by similar techniques, as in glass.
Related terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English cleven, a conflation of two verbs: Old English clifian (from Proto-Germanic *klibāną) and Old English clīfan (from Proto-Germanic *klībaną), both ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *gleybʰ- (to stick).


cleave (third-person singular simple present cleaves, present participle cleaving, simple past and past participle cleaved)

  1. (intransitive) To cling, adhere or stick fast to something; used with to or unto.