σχίζω

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Hellenic *skʰídyō, from Proto-Indo-European *skeyd-.

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /skʰíz.dɔː/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈskʰi.zo/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈsxi.zo/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈsçi.zo/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈsçi.zo/
  • Verb[edit]

    σχῐ́ζω (skhízō)

    1. I split, cleave
      • 750 BCE – 650 BCE, Hesiod, The Shield of Heracles 428
        ὅς τε μάλ᾽ ἐνδυκέως ῥινὸν κρατεροῖς ὀνύχεσσι σχίσσας
        hós te mál᾽ endukéōs rhinòn krateroîs onúkhessi skhíssas
        very eagerly ripping the hide with his strong claws
      • 7th-6th centuries BC, Homeric Hymn to Hermes 128
        καὶ ἔσχισε δώδεκα μοίρας κληροπαλεῖς
        kaì éskhise dṓdeka moíras klēropaleîs
        and cut them into twelve portions distributed by lot
      1. I part, separate, divide
        • 460 BCE – 420 BCE, Herodotus, Histories 2.17
          ὁ γὰρ δὴ Νεῖλος [] ῥέει μέσην Αἴγυπτον σχίζων ἐς θάλασσαν.
          ho gàr dḕ Neîlos [] rhéei mésēn Aígupton skhízōn es thálassan.
          For the Nile [] divides Egypt in two parts as it flows to the sea.
        • 360 BCE, Plato, The Sophist 264d
          πάλιν τοίνυν ἐπιχειρῶμεν, σχίζοντες διχῇ τὸ προτεθὲν γένος
          pálin toínun epikheirômen, skhízontes dikhêi tò protethèn génos
          Then let us try again; dividing in two the proposed class
      2. I curdle milk
    2. (figuratively)
      • 460 BCE – 420 BCE, Herodotus, Histories 7.219
        ἐνθαῦτα ἐβουλεύοντο οἱ Ἕλληνες, καί σφεων ἐσχίζοντο αἱ γνῶμαι:
        enthaûta ebouleúonto hoi Héllēnes, kaí spheōn eskhízonto hai gnômai:
        The Hellenes then took counsel, but their opinions were divided.

    Inflection[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    Related terms[edit]

    References[edit]


    Greek[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Ancient Greek σχίζω (skhízō).

    Verb[edit]

    σχίζω (schízo) (simple past έσχισα, έσκισα, passive σχίζομαι)

    1. Alternative form of σκίζω (skízo)

    Conjugation[edit]