clove

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Cloves (1).

From Middle English clove, an alteration of earlier clowe, borrowed from the first component of Old French clou (de girofle) (modern French clou de girofle), from Latin clāvus (nail) for its shape. Also see clāva (knotty branch, club). Doublet of clou.

Noun[edit]

clove (countable and uncountable, plural cloves)

  1. (uncountable, countable) A very pungent aromatic spice, the unexpanded flower bud of the clove tree.
  2. (countable) A clove tree, of the species Syzygium aromaticum (syn. Caryophyllus aromaticus), native to the Moluccas (Indonesian islands), which produces the spice.
  3. (countable) An old English measure of weight, containing 7 pounds (3.2 kg), i.e. half a stone.
    • 1843, The Penny Cyclopaedia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge p. 202.
      Seven pounds make a clove, 2 cloves a stone, 2 stone a tod 6+12 tods a wey, 2 weys a sack, 12 sacks a last. The 'Pathway' points out the etymology of the word cloves; it calls them ' claves or nails.' It is to be observed here that a sack is 13 tods, and a tod 28 pounds, so that the sack is 364 pounds.
    • 1866, James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England, volume 1, page 169:
      By a statute of 9 Hen. VI. it was ordained that the wey of cheese should contain 32 cloves of 7 lbs. each, i.e. 224 lbs., or 2 cwts.
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Peeled cloves of garlic

From Middle English clove, from Old English clufu, from Proto-Germanic *klubō, related to clēofan (to cleave, split), hence with the verbal etymology hereafter.

Noun[edit]

clove (plural cloves)

  1. (horticulture, cooking) One of the small bulbs formed in the axils of the scales of a large bulb.
    clove of garlic, garlic clove, clove of a sea-onion, clove of shallot, cloves of bulbs
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

clove

  1. simple past tense of cleave
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Borrowed from Dutch kloof.

Noun[edit]

clove (plural cloves)

  1. (geography) A narrow valley with steep sides, used in areas of North America first settled by the Dutch
Usage notes[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • clove at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • clove” in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • Wikipedia-logo.svg clove on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Anagrams[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Old English clufu, clofu; compare cleven.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

clove (plural cloves)

  1. clove (bulb of garlic)
Descendants[edit]
  • English: clove
  • Scots: clow
References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old French clou de girofle.

Noun[edit]

clove

  1. Alternative form of clowe

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old English clofen, past participle of clēofan.

Noun[edit]

clove

  1. Alternative form of cloven

Etymology 4[edit]

From Old English clēaf, 1st- and 3rd- person simple past singular of clēofan, with the vowel from the past participle.

Verb[edit]

clove

  1. simple past singular of cleven (to split)