clavo

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See also: clavó

Asturian[edit]

Verb[edit]

clavo

  1. first-person singular present indicative of clavar

Catalan[edit]

Verb[edit]

clavo

  1. first-person singular present indicative form of clavar

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Latin clāvus (nail; stripe on a tunic; callus), from Proto-Italic *klāwos, from Proto-Indo-European *kleh₂wos, derived from the root *(s)kleh₂w- (hook, crook, peg). Doublet of chiodo, chiavo, and chiovo.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkla.vo/
  • Rhymes: -avo
  • Hyphenation: clà‧vo

Noun[edit]

clavo m (plural clavi)

  1. (obsolete) nail (metal spike)
    Synonym: chiodo
  2. (medicine) clavus (callous growth)
    Hypernym: callo
  3. (historical, Ancient Rome) A purple stripe whose width distinguished equites from senators.
    Hypernym: balza

References[edit]

  • clavo1 in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana
  • clavo2 in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From clāvus +‎ .

Verb[edit]

clāvō (present infinitive clāvāre, perfect active clāvāvī, supine clāvātum); first conjugation

  1. I nail, furnish, fasten with nails.
Conjugation[edit]
   Conjugation of clāvō (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present clāvō clāvās clāvat clāvāmus clāvātis clāvant
imperfect clāvābam clāvābās clāvābat clāvābāmus clāvābātis clāvābant
future clāvābō clāvābis clāvābit clāvābimus clāvābitis clāvābunt
perfect clāvāvī clāvāvistī clāvāvit clāvāvimus clāvāvistis clāvāvērunt,
clāvāvēre
pluperfect clāvāveram clāvāverās clāvāverat clāvāverāmus clāvāverātis clāvāverant
future perfect clāvāverō clāvāveris clāvāverit clāvāverimus clāvāveritis clāvāverint
passive present clāvor clāvāris,
clāvāre
clāvātur clāvāmur clāvāminī clāvantur
imperfect clāvābar clāvābāris,
clāvābāre
clāvābātur clāvābāmur clāvābāminī clāvābantur
future clāvābor clāvāberis,
clāvābere
clāvābitur clāvābimur clāvābiminī clāvābuntur
perfect clāvātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect clāvātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect clāvātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present clāvem clāvēs clāvet clāvēmus clāvētis clāvent
imperfect clāvārem clāvārēs clāvāret clāvārēmus clāvārētis clāvārent
perfect clāvāverim clāvāverīs clāvāverit clāvāverīmus clāvāverītis clāvāverint
pluperfect clāvāvissem clāvāvissēs clāvāvisset clāvāvissēmus clāvāvissētis clāvāvissent
passive present clāver clāvēris,
clāvēre
clāvētur clāvēmur clāvēminī clāventur
imperfect clāvārer clāvārēris,
clāvārēre
clāvārētur clāvārēmur clāvārēminī clāvārentur
perfect clāvātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect clāvātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present clāvā clāvāte
future clāvātō clāvātō clāvātōte clāvantō
passive present clāvāre clāvāminī
future clāvātor clāvātor clāvantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives clāvāre clāvāvisse clāvātūrum esse clāvārī clāvātum esse clāvātum īrī
participles clāvāns clāvātūrus clāvātus clāvandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
clāvandī clāvandō clāvandum clāvandō clāvātum clāvātū
Descendants[edit]
  • Gallo-Romance:
    • Catalan: clavar
    • Occitan: clavar
    • Old French: cloer
  • Ibero-Romance:
  • Italo-Romance:
  • Vulgar Latin:

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

clāvō

  1. dative/ablative singular of clāvus

References[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈklabo/, [ˈkla.β̞o]

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Old Spanish clavo, from Latin clāvus, from Proto-Italic *klāwos, from Proto-Indo-European *kleh₂u-. The conservation of Latin /kl-/ is irregular (normally the result is /ʎ/, but cf. claro), which might imply a degree of Latin influence. Still, it is difficult to regard such a mundane term as learnèd or even semi-learnèd.[1] First attested in the twelfth century. Compare Portuguese cravo, Catalan clau, English clove.

Noun[edit]

clavo m (plural clavos)

  1. nail, spike
    Synonyms: alcayata, escarpia, perno
  2. clove
    Synonym: clavo de olor
  3. corn (callus)
  4. headache
  5. scab
  6. spike (of shoes, cleats)
  7. (Dominican Republic, slang) stash
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Jakaltek: lawuẍ
  • San Juan Atzingo Popoloca: chicaclavó
  • Zacatlán-Ahuacatlán-Tepetzintla Nahuatl: clavo

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

clavo

  1. First-person singular (yo) present indicative form of clavar.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Coromines, Joan; Pascual, José A. (1983–1991), “clavo”, in Diccionario crítico etimológico castellano e hispánico (in Spanish), volume Ce–F, Madrid: Gredos, →ISBN, page 98

Anagrams[edit]


Zacatlán-Ahuacatlán-Tepetzintla Nahuatl[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish clavo, from Latin clāvus.

Noun[edit]

clavo

  1. nail

References[edit]

  • Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, A.C. (2006) Pequeño diccionario ilustrado: Náhuatl de los municipios de Zacatlán, Tepetzintla y Ahuacatlán[1], segunda edición edition, Tlalpan, D.F. México: Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, A.C., page 22