- 1 Translingual
- 2 Chinese
- 3 Japanese
- 4 Korean
- 5 Vietnamese
- KangXi: page 107, character 17
- Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 758
- Dae Jaweon: page 228, character 2
- Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 178, character 3
- Unihan data for U+500B
The semantics may have developed along the grammaticalisation process "bamboo stalk" (箇) > "piece, item" > "classifier for every category of noun" > "possessive particle, generic particle". If so, it would then possibly be cognate with 竿 (, “bamboo, rod”). Compare *kaːnTibetan མཁར་བ (mkhar ba), འཁར་བ ('khar ba, “walking stick, staff”) and Thai ก้าน (gâan, “stem, stalk”).
- Cantonese (Jyutping): go3
- Gan (Wiktionary): go4
- Hakka (Sixian, PFS): ke / kai
- Jin (Wiktionary): ge3
- Min Nan
- Wu (Wiktionary): geq (T5); hheq (T5); eq (T4); ku (T2)
- Xiang (Wiktionary): go4
- Min Nan
- piece, item; individual
- size, height
- separate, respective; separately, individually
- single, alone
- (dialectal) one
- The generic classifier. Used with nouns lacking specific classifiers.
- Alternative classifier, for nouns having specific classifiers. Often colloquial and regional. Usage varies greatly between different topolects.
- (Mandarin, colloquial) Particle, placed between a verb and numbers, showing that the following numbers are approximate, not accurate.
- (Mandarin, colloquial) Particle, placed between a verb and its object or complement, adding a sense of ease, swiftness and one-offness to the action.
- (Mandarin, colloquial) Particle used after 些 (xiē).
- (dialectal Mandarin) Particle used in some time-related words.
- (obsolete, Wu, Xiang, Gan, dialectal Cantonese, dialectal Min) (= 搿 (gé)) this; that
- (Cantonese, Wu) Word-initial particle, serving as the definite article.
- (Cantonese, Wu, Teochew) Possessive particle. Equivalent to Mandarin 的 (dì).
- (dialectal) Sentence-final declarative, affirmative, or prohibitive particle. Equivalent to Mandarin 的 (dì), 了 (le).
- item, article, thing
- Ano eda ni sakuranbo ga jūni-ko dake arimasu.
- There are only twelve cherries on that branch.
This is the most generic counter in Japanese. It can be used to count just about anything.
- a piece
- a unit
- an item.
- This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text