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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +8, 10 strokes, cangjie input 人十口口 (OJRR), four-corner 23277, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 107, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 759
  • Dae Jaweon: page 228, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 184, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+500C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (28) (28)
Final () (62) (70)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () I II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuɑn/ /kɣuanH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷɑn/ /kʷɯanH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɑn/ /kuɐnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwan/ /kwaɨnH/
Li
Rong
/kuɑn/ /kuanH/
Wang
Li
/kuɑn/ /kwanH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuɑn/ /kwanH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guān guàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
guān
Middle
Chinese
‹ kwænH ›
Old
Chinese
/*kʷˤra[n]-s/
English servant, groom

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 4437 4458
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*koːn/ /*kroːns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. a boy in the employ of a teahouse, tavern, or restaurant; assistant in wine shop
  2. groom (keeper of domestic animals), herdsman

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gwan) (hangeul , revised gwan, McCune-Reischauer kwan)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(quan, quán)

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