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U+83C5, 菅
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-83C5

[U+83C4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+83C6]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 140, +8, 14 strokes, cangjie input 廿十口口 (TJRR), four-corner 44777, composition)

  1. coarse grass, Themeda forskalii

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1036, character 51
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31142
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1495, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3240, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+83C5

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kroːn): semantic + phonetic (OC *koːn) – a type of grass.

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

“Suga”
Orthographic borrowing from Japanese (すが) (Suga).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • kan - literary;
  • koaⁿ - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (69)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠan/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚan/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɐn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨn/
Li
Rong
/kan/
Wang
Li
/kan/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kan/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiān
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4457
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kroːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. a variety of grass
  2. A surname​.
  3. Suga (a Japanese surname)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
すげ
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

⟨suɡe2 → */suɡəɨ//suɡe/

From Old Japanese.

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(すげ) (suge

  1. a sedge
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
すが
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

The unbound apophonic form of suge above.

Noun[edit]

(すが) (suga

  1. (rare or in compounds) a sedge
Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(すが) (Suga

  1. A surname​.

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
かん
Jinmeiyō
kan’on

/kʷan//kan/

From Middle Chinese (MC kˠan).

Affix[edit]

(かん) (kan (historical kana くわん)

  1. a variety of grass
  2. Sugawara no Michizane
Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(かん) (Kan (historical kana くわん)

  1. A surname​.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gwan) (hangeul , revised gwan, McCune–Reischauer kwan, Yale kwan)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Old Japanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “From Proto-Japonic *sunkay?”

Noun[edit]

(suge2) (kana すげ)

  1. a sedge
    • 711712, Kojiki (poem 65)
      夜多能比登母登須宜波古母多受多知迦阿那牟阿多良須賀波良許登袁許曾須宜波良登伊波米阿多良須賀志賣
      Yata no2 pi1to2mo2to2 suge2 pa ko1 mo2tazu tati ka arenamu atara sugapara ko2to2 wo ko2so2 suge2para to2 ipame2 atara sugasime1
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Japanese: (suge)

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(gian)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.