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U+7BA1, 管
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7BA1

[U+7BA0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7BA2]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 118, +8, 14 strokes, cangjie input 竹十口口 (HJRR), four-corner 88777, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 889, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 26162
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1316, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 2986, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+7BA1

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*koːn
*koːn, *koːns
*koːn, *kroːns
*koːn, *koːnʔ, *koːns
*koːn, *koːns
*koːnʔ
*koːnʔ, *kuːns
*koːnʔ, *koːns
*koːnʔ
*koːnʔ, *koːns
*koːnʔ, *koːns
*koːns, *qoːn, *qruːd
*koːns
*ɡoːns
*kroːn
*qroːnʔ, *qroːns
*qoːd

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *koːnʔ): semantic  (bamboo) + phonetic  (OC *koːn).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • guāng - literary;
  • guōng - vernacular.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • koán - literary;
    • kńg/kúiⁿ/kún - vernacular;
    • kóng - 栱 is used in the Mainland.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (62)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie 滿
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kuɑnX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʷɑnX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kuɑnX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kwanX/
    Li
    Rong
    /kuɑnX/
    Wang
    Li
    /kuɑnX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kuɑnX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    guǎn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    guǎn guǎn guǎn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kwanX › ‹ kwanX › ‹ kwanX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[k]ˤo[n]ʔ/ /*kʷˤa[n]ʔ/ /*kʷˤa[n]ʔ/
    English tube; flute exhausted, helpless helpless

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 4440
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*koːnʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (music) a cylindrical double-reed woodwind instrument made of bamboo or wood
    2. (music, by extension) any wind instrument
    3. (by extension) slender tubular hollow object; pipe; tube; duct; canal; valve; fistula
        ―  guǎn  ―  straw
    4. writing brush
    5. Classifier for tube-shaped objects.
    6. to administer; to manage; to control; to be in charge
        ―  guǎn  ―  to manage
    7. to subject someone to discipline; to discipline
    8. to concern oneself with; to interfere with
    9. to be responsible for the provision of; to provide; to supply; to guarantee
    10. despite; regardless of; irrespective of
    11. (colloquial) used in the pattern 管………… (“to call (someone the name of)”), where is followed by the object of the verb
    12. (dialectal, colloquial) indicates the object of an action: to
    13. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    かん
    Grade: 4
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (kuɑnX, pipe, tube).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana かん, rōmaji kan, historical hiragana くわん)

    1. pipe
    2. a wind instrument

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    くだ
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese (kuda, pipe, tube).[2][1][3]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana くだ, rōmaji kuda)

    1. a pipe or tube, such as that made of bamboo, wood, metal, or rubber
    2. a shuttle for weaving with a loom (from the way the earliest shuttles were made from bamboo tubes)
    3. the central axis of a spindle for winding the thread
    4. short for 管の笛 (kuda no fue), a kind of small pipe or flute used for signalling during a battle, similar to a fife
    5. an agricultural tool, used to gather up cut rice stalks
    6. short for 管狐 (kudagitsune), a kind of mythical fox roughly the size of a weasel, that would live in bamboo stalks and make prophesies of the future

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (gwan) (hangeul , revised gwan, McCune–Reischauer kwan, Yale kwan)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (quản)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.