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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 118 +8, 14 strokes, cangjie input 竹十口口 (HJRR), four-corner 88777, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 889, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 26162
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1316, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 2986, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+7BA1

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (28)
Final: (62)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Closed
Division: I
Fanqie: 滿

Expected Mandarin reflex: guǎn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuɑnX/ /kʷɑnX/ /kuɑnX/ /kwanX/ /kuɑnX/ /kuɑnX/ /kuɑnX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
guǎn ‹ kwanX › /*[k]ˤo[n]ʔ/ tube; flute
guǎn ‹ kwanX › /*kʷˤa[n]ʔ/ exhausted, helpless
guǎn ‹ kwanX › /*kʷˤa[n]ʔ/ helpless

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4440 3 /*koːnʔ/

Noun[edit]

  1. pipe, tube, duct
      ―  guǎn  ―  straw
  2. (instrument) a cylindrical double reed woodwind instrument made of bamboo or wood

Verb[edit]

  1. to manage, to control
      ―  guǎn  ―  to manage

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かん, romaji kan, historical hiragana くわん)

  1. pipe
  2. a wind instrument

‎(hiragana くだ, romaji kuda)

  1. pipe

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gwan) (hangeul , revised gwan, McCune-Reischauer kwan, Yale kwan)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(quản)

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