From Middle English brusshe, from Old French broisse (Modern French brosse), from Vulgar Latin *brustia, from Frankish *bursti, from Proto-Germanic *burstiz (“bristle”), or also Vulgar Latin *bruscia, from Proto-Germanic *bruskaz (“tuft, thicket, underbrush”), which could be from Proto-Indo-European *bʰrusgo-.
- (Received Pronunciation, General American) enPR: brŭsh, IPA(key): /bɹʌʃ/
- (dialectal, obsolete) enPR: brĕsh, IPA(key): /bɹɛʃ/
Audio (GA) (file)
- Rhymes: -ʌʃ
- An implement consisting of multiple more or less flexible bristles or other filaments attached to a handle, used for any of various purposes including cleaning, painting, and arranging hair.
- The act of brushing something.
- She gave her hair a quick brush.
- c. 1605–1608, William Shakespeare, “The Life of Tymon of Athens”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act IV, scene iii], page 92:
- as leaves
Do on the oak, have with one winter's brush
Fell from their boughs
- A piece of conductive material, usually carbon, serving to maintain electrical contact between the stationary and rotating parts of a machine.
- A brush-like electrical discharge of sparks.
- Synonym: corposant
- 2001, Oliver Sacks, Uncle Tungsten: Memories of a Chemical Boyhood:
- If there was a sharp point nearby, electricity would stream from it in a luminous brush, a little corposant, and one could blow out candles with the outstreaming “electric wind,” or even get this to turn a little rotor on its pivot.
- (uncountable) Wild vegetation, generally larger than grass but smaller than trees. See shrubland.
- A short and sometimes occasional encounter or experience.
- He has had brushes with communism from time to time.
- 2013, Russell Brand, Russell Brand and the GQ awards: 'It's amazing how absurd it seems', The Guardian, 13 September:
- The usual visual grammar was in place – a carpet in the street, people in paddocks awaiting a brush with something glamorous, blokes with earpieces, birds in frocks of colliding colours that if sighted in nature would indicate the presence of poison.
- The furry tail of an animal, especially of a fox.
- 1879, R[ichard] J[efferies], chapter 1, in The Amateur Poacher, London: Smith, Elder, & Co., […], OCLC 752825175:
- They burned the old gun that used to stand in the dark corner up in the garret, close to the stuffed fox that always grinned so fiercely. Perhaps the reason why he seemed in such a ghastly rage was that he did not come by his death fairly. Otherwise his pelt would not have been so perfect. And why else was he put away up there out of sight?—and so magnificent a brush as he had too.
- (zoology) A tuft of hair on the mandibles.
- (archaic) A short contest, or trial, of speed.
- (music) An instrument, resembling a brush, used to produce a soft sound from drums or cymbals.
- (computer graphics) An on-screen tool for "painting" a particular colour or texture.
- 2007, Lee Lanier, Maya Professional Tips and Techniques, page 12:
- Your bitmap image appears along the painted stroke. If you'd like to permanently create a custom sprite brush, it's fairly easy to adapt an existing MEL file […].
- (computer graphics) A set of defined design and parameters that produce drawn strokes of a certain texture and quality.
- Coordinate term: texture
- downloading brushes for Photoshop
- (video games) In 3D video games, a convex polyhedron, especially one that defines structure of the play area.
- (poker, slang) The floorperson of a poker room, usually in a casino.
- (North Wisconsin, uncountable) Evergreen boughs, especially balsam, locally cut and baled for export, usually for use in making wreaths.
- air brush
- as daft as a brush
- bog brush
- bottle brush, bottlebrush
- bristle brush
- broad brush
- brush away
- brush border
- brush bow
- brush cuckoo
- brush cut
- brush fire
- brush-footed butterfly
- brushmaking, brush-making
- brush one's teeth
- brush past
- brush pen
- brush rabbit
- brush-tailed penguin
- brush-tailed possum
- brush turkey
- brush up
- brush up to
- brush wheel
- brush wolf
- butt-brush effect
- camel-hair brush
- clothesbrush, clothes brush
- cobweb brush
- daft as a brush
- dandy brush
- dustpan and brush
- flesh brush
- give someone the brush-off
- kabuki brush
- lens brush
- live over the brush
- mad as a brush
- mushroom brush
- paint with a broad brush
- paint with the same brush
- pot scrubber brush
- red brush
- sage brush
- scrub brush, scrubbing brush
- shaving brush
- shoe brush
- spool brush
- spoolie brush
- tar with the same brush
- toilet brush
- touch of the tar brush
- wire brush
- (transitive) To clean with a brush.
- Brush your teeth.
- (transitive) To untangle or arrange with a brush.
- Brush your hair.
- (transitive) To apply with a brush.
- I am brushing the paint onto the walls.
- (transitive) To remove with a sweeping motion.
- 'She brushes the flour off your clothes.
- 1610–1611 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Tempest”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act I, scene ii]:
- Caliban: As wicked dew as e'er my mother brush'd / With raven's feather from unwholesome fen / Drop on you both! […]
- (transitive, intransitive) To touch with a sweeping motion, or lightly in passing.
- Her scarf brushed his skin.
- 1600, [Torquato Tasso], “(please specify |book=1 to 20)”, in Edward Fairefax [i.e., Edward Fairfax], transl., Godfrey of Bulloigne, or The Recouerie of Ierusalem. […], London: […] Ar[nold] Hatfield, for I[saac] Iaggard and M[atthew] Lownes, OCLC 940138160:
- Some spread their sails, some with strong oars sweep / The waters smooth, and brush the buxom wave.
- 1990 October 28, Paul Simon, “Further to Fly”, The Rhythm of the Saints, Warner Bros.
- Maybe you will find a love that you discover accidentally, who falls against you gently as a pickpocket brushes your thigh.
- (intransitive) To clean one's teeth by brushing them.
- 2000, USA Today (volume 129, issues 2662-2673, page 92)
- Of course, Halloween does not have to be completely treatless. Plain chocolate candy is okay, provided you remember to brush afterwards.
- 2000, USA Today (volume 129, issues 2662-2673, page 92)
- ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “bruska”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 80
- ^ Stanley, Oma (1937), “I. Vowel Sounds in Stressed Syllables”, in The Speech of East Texas (American Speech: Reprints and Monographs; 2), New York: Columbia University Press, DOI:10.7312/stan90028, →ISBN, § 12, page 27.
- Alternative form of