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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 118 +6, 12 strokes, cangjie input 竹中手 (HLQ), four-corner 88507)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 882, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25987
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1310, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 2970, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+7B46

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (bamboo) + phonetic  (writing brush)

A hand holding a brush . The bamboo refers to the material of traditionals Chinese brushs.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (筆), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 幫 (1)
Final: 質
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 鄙密切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/piɪt̚/ /pi̯ĕt̚/ /piĕt̚/ /pit̚/ /pit̚/ /pĭĕt̚/ /pjet̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ pit › /*p.[r]ut (borrowed as *prut from Qín dialect)/ writing brush

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15975 2 /*prud/

Definitions[edit]

  1. writing brush
  2. pen, pencil
  3. stroke (of Chinese characters)
  4. to write, to compose
  5. Classifier for sums of money, deals.

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (筆):

Others

  • → Korean: (but)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
ふで
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

Shift in pronunciation from funde below.[1] Now the most common pronunciation in modern Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ふで, romaji fude)

  1. a writing brush, a painting brush, a pen
  2. writing:
    1. the act of writing
    2. something written
    3. handwriting, how someone writes
Usage notes[edit]

The pen sense is more commonly expressed using the English-derived term ペン (pen).

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ふんで
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

Shift in pronunciation from fumite below. Listed with this reading in the 観智院 (Kanchi-in) edition of the 11th- or 12th-century 類聚名義抄 (Ruiju Myōgishō) dictionary.[1]

Superseded by the fude reading above in modern Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ふんで, romaji funde)

  1. (obsolete) same as for fude above: brush; pen; writing

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
ふみて
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

Compound of (fumi, writing) +‎ (te, hand). Appears with this reading in the Man'yōshū, circa 759.

Superseded by the fude reading above in modern Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ふみて, romaji fumite)

  1. (obsolete) same as for fude above: brush; pen; writing

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
ひつ
Grade: 3
on'yomi

/pitu//fitu//hitu/

From Middle Chinese ( pit , writing brush). Compare modern Hakka and Min Nan pit, Mandarin .

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ひつ, romaji hitsu)

  1. a brush, a pen, a writing or drawing implement
  2. the mark made by a brush or pen
  3. writing or drawing with a brush or pen
  4. an allotment of land, such as for agriculture or housing (from the way that a description of the land and the owner would be written down in the survey register)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(pil) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer p'il, Yale phil)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(bút)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.