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See also: 𣥂
U+5C11, 少
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5C11

[U+5C10]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5C12]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
4 strokes
Stroke order
少-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

  • Note that in Japanese Kanji, Korean Hanja and Vietnamese Nom, the middle stroke of the top component is written with a hook whereas in modern Chinese scripts the middle stroke is written with no downward hook.

Han character[edit]

(radical 42, +1, 4 strokes, cangjie input 火竹 (FH), four-corner 90200, composition ⿱⿻丿(GT) or ⿱丿(HJKV))

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 296, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7475
  • Dae Jaweon: page 590, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 561, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5C11

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang
Oracle bone script
少-oracle.svg

Pictogram (象形) – four dots; few; little. Compare (OC *smewʔ, “small”), which is depicted by three dots.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • ciēu - colloquial;
  • siēu - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • chió - vernacular;
    • siáu - literary.
    Note:
    • ziê2 - Chaozhou, vernacular;
    • zio2 - Shantou, vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (26)
    Final () (91)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɕiᴇuX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɕiɛuX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɕjæuX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɕiawX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɕiɛuX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɕĭɛuX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɕi̯ɛuX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shǎo
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    siu2
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    shǎo
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ syewX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[s.t]ewʔ/
    English few

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 13706
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*hmjewʔ/
    Notes
    Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!
    Particularly: “Gan, Jin, Xiang, Min Bei pronunciations are missing by senses”

    Definitions[edit]

    1. few; little in number; less; not many
      知道實情 / 知道实情  ―  Hěn shǎo rén zhīdào shíqíng.  ―  Very few people know the truth.
      只有麵包餅乾 [MSC, trad.]
      只有面包饼干 [MSC, simp.]
      Zhǐyǒu hěn shǎo miànbāo hé bǐnggān. [Pinyin]
      There is only very little bread and biscuits.
    2. weak; inadequate; insufficient
    3. Alternative form of (xiǎo, “small; tiny”).
    4. to lack; to be short of; to be deficient
      臥室電燈泡 [MSC, trad.]
      卧室电灯泡 [MSC, simp.]
      Wòshì lǐ shǎo yī zhī diàndēngpào. [Pinyin]
      There's a light bulb missing in the bedroom.
      / [Cantonese]  ―  siu2 zo2 wun2 faan6 [Jyutping]  ―  missing a bowl of rice
      螺絲 [Cantonese, trad.]
      螺丝 [Cantonese, simp.]
      zong1 siu2 zo2 loeng5 lap1 lo4 si1 [Jyutping]
      forgot to install two screws
    5. to reduce (the amount or extent); to weaken; to lose; to stop; to cease
      東西 / 东西  ―  Tā wū lǐ shǎo le dōngxi.  ―  He lost something in his house.
      廢話 / 废话  ―  Shǎo shuō fèihuà!  ―  Stop chattering!
    6. to despise; to look down; to belittle
    7. slightly; moderately; a little; a bit
    8. seldom; rarely; infrequently
      懶惰成功 [MSC, trad.]
      懒惰成功 [MSC, simp.]
      Lǎnduò de rén hěn shǎo huì chénggōng. [Pinyin]
      Lazy people seldom succeed.
    9. in a little while; in a moment
    10. 5th tetragram of the Taixuanjing (𝌊)
    Synonyms[edit]
    Antonyms[edit]
    • (few): (duō)

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (26)
    Final () (91)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɕiᴇuH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɕiɛuH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɕjæuH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɕiawH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɕiɛuH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɕĭɛuH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɕi̯ɛuH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shào
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    siu3
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    shào
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ syewH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[s-t]ewʔ-s/
    English young

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 13708
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*hmjews/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. young; youthful; juvenile
      歲數 [MSC, trad.]
      岁数 [MSC, simp.]
      Bié kàn tā suìshù dà, kě zhǎng dé shào xiàng. [Pinyin]
      Despite her age, she still looked young.
    2. later in a sequence; younger; youngest
    3. childhood; youth; young period
    4. young man; youngster; junior
    5. (historical) deputy; assistant
    6. (historical) young master of a rich family
    7. A surname.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. A little, just a little.

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 적을 (jeogeul so))

    1. Hanja form? of ((to be) little; (to be) few).

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: thiểu, thẹo, thểu, thỉu, thiếu, thẻo

    Definitions[edit]

    1. small
    2. tiny