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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
少-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形) : four sand granules. In Oracle bone form, it is depicted as four dots. Original form of (sand).

Han character[edit]

(radical 42 +1, 4 strokes, cangjie input 火竹 (FH), four-corner 90200, composition丿)

  1. few, less, inadequate

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 296, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7475
  • Dae Jaweon: page 590, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 561, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5C11

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (26)
Final: (91)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: shǎo
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕiᴇuX/ /ɕiɛuX/ /ɕjæuX/ /ɕiawX/ /ɕiɛuX/ /ɕĭɛuX/ /ɕi̯ɛuX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shǎo ‹ syewX › /*[s.t]ewʔ/ few

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13706 2 /*hmjewʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. few; little in number; unnumerous
    Antonyms: (duō)
    知道實情 / 知道实情  ―  Hěn shǎo rén zhīdào shíqíng.  ―  Very few people know the truth.
    只有麵包餅乾 / 只有面包饼干  ―  Zhǐyǒu hěn shǎo miànbāo hé bǐngqián.  ―  There is only very little bread and biscuits.
  2. inadequate
  3. to lack, to be short of
    臥室電燈泡 / 卧室电灯泡  ―  Wòshì lǐ shǎo yī zhī diàndēngpào.  ―  There's a light bulb missing in the bedroom.
  4. to lose
    東西 / 东西  ―  Tā wū lǐ shǎo le dōngxī.  ―  He lost something in his house.
  5. to stop
    廢話 / 废话  ―  Shǎo shuō fèihuà!  ―  Stop chattering!
  6. seldom
    懶惰成功 / 懒惰成功  ―  Lǎnduò de rén hěn shǎo huì chénggōng.  ―  Lazy people seldom succeed.

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (26)
Final: (91)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: shào
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕiᴇuH/ /ɕiɛuH/ /ɕjæuH/ /ɕiawH/ /ɕiɛuH/ /ɕĭɛuH/ /ɕi̯ɛuH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shào ‹ syewH › /*[s-t]ewʔ-s/ young

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13708 2 /*hmjews/

Definitions[edit]

  1. young
    歲數 [MSC, trad.]
    岁数 [MSC, simp.]
    Bié kàn tā suìshù dà, kě cháng dé shào xiàng. [Pinyin]
    Despite her age, she still looked young.
  2. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(so)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: so, McCune-Reischauer: so)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thiểu, thẹo, thểu, thỉu, thiếu, thẻo)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.