少ない

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
すく
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

少ない (-i inflection, hiragana すくない, rōmaji sukunai)

  1. there are not many, there are few, there is little
    ここは、 (ひと) (すく)ない
    Koko wa, hito ga sukunai.
    Here are few people.
    今年 (ことし)は、 (ゆき) (すく)ない
    Kotoshi wa, yuki ga sukunai.
    It snows little this year.

Usage notes[edit]

  • 少ない cannot modify a noun to mean the referents of the noun are few.
    • Incorrect:
       (すく)ない (ひと)sukunai hitofew people
    • Correct:
      友達 (ともだち) (すく)ない (ひと)tomodachi ga sukunai hitoa person with few friends
    • To modify a noun, use  (すこ) (sukoshi no), わずか (wazuka na), 数少 (かずすく)ない (kazusukunai), etc.
  • The negative form has no limitation.
    • Correct:
       (すく)なくない (ひと)sukunakunai hitoquite a few people

Inflection[edit]

Antonyms[edit]