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See also: , , , 糿, and
U+5E7C, 幼
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5E7C

[U+5E7B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5E7D]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 52, +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 女戈大尸 (VIKS), four-corner 24727, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 342, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9193
  • Dae Jaweon: page 650, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1093, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+5E7C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
幼-oracle.svg 幼-bronze.svg 幼-silk.svg 幼-seal.svg 幼-bigseal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意): (tiny) + (strength). (OC *qiːw) may also act as a phonetic component.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (138)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔiɪuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔɨuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔieuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔjiwH/
Li
Rong
/ʔiĕuH/
Wang
Li
/iəuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔieuH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yòu
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
jau3
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yòu
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔjiwH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ʔ](r)iw-s/
English young

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15646
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qrɯws/

Definitions[edit]

  1. infant; young child
  2. young
  3. immature
  4. to love; to take care of (the young)
    • 幼,以及幼。 [Classical Chinese, trad. and simp.]
      From: Mencius, circa 4th century BCE
      Yòu wú yòu, yǐjí rén zhī yòu. [Pinyin]
      Treat with the kindness due to youth the young in your own family, so that the young in the families of others shall be similarly treated.
  5. (Cantonese, Hokkien) fine (not coarse)
  6. A surname​.

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. childish, immature, young
  2. infant, young child

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
よう
Grade: 6
on’yomi

*/jiɪu//jieu//jeu//joː/

From Middle Chinese (MC ʔiɪuH).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(よう) (えう (eu)?

  1. childhood, infancy
  2. a young child

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
おさな
Grade: 6
kun’yomi

/wosana//osana/

Stem of classical verb 幼し (osanashi),[1][2] modern 幼い (osanai, childish, infantile).

Noun[edit]

(おさな) (osanaをさな (wosana)?

  1. Synonym of 幼子 (osanago): an infant, young child
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
いと
Grade: 6
kun’yomi
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “from (ito, thread)?”

Noun[edit]

(いと) (ito

  1. (archaic) a young child, infant, toddler
    Synonym: 幼児 (yōji)
Derived terms[edit]

Prefix[edit]

(いと) (ito

  1. prefixed to a noun: childish, immature, infantile
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC ʔiɪuH).

Recorded as Middle Korean ᅙᅲᇢ〮 (Yale: qyuw) in Dongguk Jeongun (東國正韻 / 동국정운), 1448.

Recorded as Middle Korean 유〯 (Yale: yu) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 어릴 (eoril yu))

  1. Hanja form? of (childish; immature).
  2. Hanja form? of (infant; young child).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: ấu, âu

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.