よう

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of よう – see the following entries.
2
[noun] use (noun)
[noun] a task, business, an errand
[suffix] for the use of, for the purpose of, in case of
2
[affix] sun, moon and stars
[affix] day of week
[proper noun] A female given name.
3
[affix] a sheep (animal)
3
[noun] an ocean
[noun] (by extension, from the sense of across the ocean) the East (Orient) or especially the West (Occident)
[proper noun] a surname
[proper noun] a male or female given name
3
[noun] leaf, needle, blade (of a plant)
[noun] a season, an age: a shorter period of time within a longer one
[noun] an administration: the period of time during which a certain person holds a certain office
[counter] (rare) counter for flat, thin things such as leaves or paper
[counter] (by extension) counter for small boats
3
[affix] sun; sunlight; light
[affix] yang (in yin-yang)
[affix] positive; plus; male
[affix] open; overt
[noun] yang (in yin-yang)
[noun] open (visible space)
3
[noun] way, style, appearance
[adjective] be like, look like, seem like, as if, having the likeness of
[adjective] (as 様に (yō ni)) I hope; I pray; may
[proper noun] a female given name
4
[noun] [611] key, important point
[noun] [circa 999] essential piece of something, requirement
4
[affix] to raise; to rear; to bring up
[affix] to support
5
[affix] to hold; to contain
[affix] to tolerate; to stand
[affix] content; substance
[affix] look; appearance
6
[noun] childhood, infancy
[noun] a young child
S
[affix] attractive
[affix] bewitching
S
[affix] ordinary; commonplace
S
[affix] to raise; to lift
[affix] to make well-known; to spread
S
[affix] to shake, swing, tremble, vibrate
S
[affix] to melt, dissolve, thaw
S
[affix] hips, loins, lower back
S
[affix] to dance
[affix] to jump about; to jump up
S
[affix] to embrace; to protect
S
[affix] popular song
J
[affix] far off, distant
J
[affix] hire; employ
J
[affix] willow; poplar; aspen
耀J
[affix] shine, sparkle, gleam, twinkle
(This term, よう, is an alternative spelling of the above Sino-Japanese terms.
For a list of all kanji read as よう, not just those used in Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji read as よう.)

(The following entries are uncreated: , , , , , , , , , , , .)

Usage notes[edit]

Grammaticized () is most likely to be spelled in hiragana.

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of よう – see the following entry.
酔う
[verb] to get drunk, become intoxicated or inebriated, fall under the influence of alcohol
[verb] (figuratively) to become drunk or intoxicated (exhilarated) by something
[verb] to get motion sickness (as in carsick, airsick, seasick, etc.)
[verb] to get addicted
[verb] (archaic) to get poisoned (from eating meat or fish)
[verb] (archaic) to get distracted by charm
(This term, よう, is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

Etymology 3[edit]

/mu//ũ//u/ → (for type 2 (ichidan) and type 3 (irregular) verbs) /joː/

From Classical Japanese volitional suffix (-mu).

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

よう (-yōuninflectable

  1. Expressing one's will to do something.
    そろそろ()ようSorosoro ne.I go to bed before long.
    美味(おい)しいものを()よう(おも)っています。
    Oishii mono o tabe to omotte imasu.
    I'm thinking about eating something delicious.
  2. Inducing or stimulating other person to do something.
    そうしようSō shi.Let's do that.
    さあ、(はじ)ようSā, hajime.Let's get started.
  3. (followed by する (to suru)) to try to do; to attempt to do
    (ひと)(すぐ)ようとしています。
    Hito ni sugure to shite imasu.
    I am trying to surpass others.
  4. (followed by する (to suru)) to be about to do; to be on the verge of doing
    ()かけようとした(とき)(でん)()がかかってきた。
    Dekake to shita toki, denwa ga kakatte kita.
    I got a phone call when I was about to go out.
  5. (archaic) Presenting a supposition.
    Synonyms: だろう (darō), でしょう (deshō)
    問題(もんだい)はないと()よう
    Mondai wa nai to ie.
    We can probably say that there is no problem.
  6. (followed by (ga) or (to), often in parallel) whetheror
    • Blog|細井厚子の万華鏡|透明な花
      その(ねが)いが(かな)うなら、(わたし)万華鏡(まんげきょう)がオモチャと()ばれようが、ガラクタと()ばれようが、そんなことはどうでもいいと(おも)っています。
      Sono negai ga kanau nara, watashi no mangekyō ga omocha to yobare ga, garakuta to yobare ga, sonna koto wa dō de mo ii to omotte imasu.
      I don't think I will be concerned whether my kaleidoscope is called a toy or rubbish, as long as that wish is fulfilled.
Usage notes[edit]

Attaches only to the 未然形 (mizenkei, irrealis or incomplete form) of type 2 (ichidan) and type 3 (irregular) verbs.

The volitional form of type 1 (godan) verbs are formed with (-u) instead of よう (-yō), with further sound changes.

In traditional Japanese grammar, this is a 助動詞 (jodōshi, auxiliary verb), with the sole form よう () as the 終止形 (shūshikei, terminal form) and the 連体形 (rentaikei, adnominal form). Morphologically, this is an uninflecting inflectional suffix attaching to the stem of vowel-stem verbs.

See also[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

よう (

  1. A very informal greeting similar to yo.
    よう(げん)()
    , genki?
    Yo! Howdy?
  2. A very informal (rude) interjection similar to hey.
    よう()てよ。
    , mateyo.
    Hey, wait.
Usage notes[edit]

Women or gentlemen generally use ねえ () instead of よう (). よう () is masculine but gives a rude impression at times; ねえ () is more graceful.

Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Alternative spelling
良う

ウ音便 (u-onbin) of Standard Japanese () (yoku).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

よう (

  1. Alternative form of よく (yoku)
    よう()たな。
    kita na.
    (please add an English translation of this example)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN