よう

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kana spelling of various words.

Noun[edit]

よう (rōmaji )

  1. : business, engagement
  2. : young; young children
  3. : ocean
  4. : cornerstone; requirement
  5. : wooden figure buried with the dead
  6. : way, style, appearance
  7. : leaf, needle, blade (of a plant)
  8. : yang, sun, light
  9. : carbuncle

Counter[edit]

よう (rōmaji -yō)

  1. : (rare) counter for flat, thin things such as leaves or paper; (by extension) counter for small boats

Verb[edit]

よう (godan conjugation, rōmaji you)

  1. 酔う: to get drunk

Adjective[edit]

よう (-na inflection, rōmaji )

  1. : be like, look like, seem like, as if, having the likeness of

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

よう (rōmaji )

  1. (auxiliary) Expressing one's will to do something.
    そろそろ ()よう
    Sorosoro ne.
    I go to bed before long.
    そうしよう
    Sōshi.
    I will do so.
     () ()しいものを ()よう (おも)っています。
    Oishī mono o tabe to omotte imasu.
    I'm thinking about eating something delicious.
     ()かけようとした (とき) (でん) ()がかかってきた。
    Dekake to shita toki, denwa ga kakatte kita.
    I got a phone call when I was about to go out.
  2. (auxiliary) Inducing or stimulating other person to do something.
    さあ、 (はじ)よう
    Sā, hajime.
    Let's get started.
  3. (auxiliary) Presenting a supposition.
Usage notes[edit]
  • Attaches to the 未然形 (mizenkei, imperfective form) of verbs.
  • よう () is used after ichidan and irregular verbs. (u) is used after godan verbs.

Etymology 3[edit]

Interjection[edit]

よう (rōmaji )

  1. A very informal greeting similar to yo.
    よう (げん) ()
    , genki?
    Yo! Howdy?
  2. A very informal (rude) interjection similar to hey.
    よう ()てよ。
    , mateyo.
    Hey, wait.
Usage notes[edit]

Women or gentlemen generally use ねえ () instead of よう (). よう () is masculine but gives a rude impression at times; ねえ () is more graceful.

Synonyms[edit]