助動詞

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Chinese[edit]

to help; to assist verb
trad. (助動詞) 動詞
simp. (助动词) 动词

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

助動詞

  1. (grammar) auxiliary verb

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
じょ
Grade: 3
どう
Grade: 3

Grade: 6
on'yomi

Noun[edit]

助動詞 ‎(hiragana じょどうし, romaji jodōshi)

  1. (grammar) auxiliary verb
  2. (grammar) inflecting suffix or particle in Japanese

Usage notes[edit]

The meaning of 助動詞 is different in Western grammar and in traditional Japanese grammar.

  • られる in 食べられる is analysed as an inflecting suffix in Western grammar, while it is called 助動詞 in traditional Japanese grammar.
  • いる in している is analysed as an auxiliary verb in Western grammar, while it is called 補助動詞 in traditional Japanese grammar.

References[edit]