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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
助-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  ‎(strong arm) – to help with one’s strength.

Han character[edit]

(radical 19 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 月一大尸 (BMKS), four-corner 74127, composition)

  1. help, aid, assist

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 146, character 27
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2313
  • Dae Jaweon: page 330, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 368, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+52A9

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (助), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 崇 (20)
Final: 魚
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 牀據切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʒɨʌH/ /ɖ͡ʐʱi̯woH/ /d͡ʒiɔH/ /ɖ͡ʐiɔH/ /ɖ͡ʐɨə̆H/ /d͡ʒĭoH/ /d͡ʒiɔH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhù ‹ dzrjoH › /*[dz]ra-s/ help (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10457 0 /*zras/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana すけ, romaji suke)

  1. assistance

Prefix[edit]

‎(hiragana じょ, romaji jo-)

  1. help
  2. assistant

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jo) (hangeul , revised jo, McCune-Reischauer cho, Yale co)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(trợ, rợ, chợ, chữa, đợ, liên)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.